[小初高学习]四川省宜宾市一中高中英语上学期第7周 句子成分教学设计


小初高试卷教案习题集 句子成分 主语(subject): 句子说明的人或事物。 The sun rises in the east. (名词) He likes dancing. (代词) Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词) Seeing is believing. (动名词) To see is to believe. (不定式) What he needs is a book. (主语从句) It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. (It 形 式主语,主语从句是真正主语) 谓语(predicate): 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。 We study English. He is asleep. 表语(predicative): 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。 He is a teacher. (名 词) Seventy-four! You don’t look it. (代词) Five and five is ten. (数 词) He is asleep. (形容词) His father is in. (副词) The picture is on the wall. ( 介词短语) My watch is gone / missing / lost. (形容 词化的分词) To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. (不定式) The question is whether they will come. (表语从 句) (常见的系动词有: be, sound(听起来), look(看起来), feel(摸起来,smell(闻起 来), taste(尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是), feel(感觉) ... It sounds a good idea. The sound sounds strange. Her voice sounds sweet. Tom looks thin. The food smells delicious. The food tastes good. The door remains open. Now I feel tired. 宾语:1)动作的承受者-----动宾 I like China. (名 词) He hates you. (代词) How many do you need? We need two. (数词) 小初高试卷教案习题集 小初高试卷教案习题集 We should help the old and the poor. I enjoy working with you. (动名词) I hope to see you again. (不定式) Did you write down what he said? (宾 语从句) 2) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾 Are you afraid of the snake? Under the snow, there are many rocks. 3) 双宾语-----间宾(指人)和直宾(指物) He gave me a book yesterday. Give the poor man some money. 宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。 We elected him monitor. (名词)We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名) We will make them happy. (形容词) We found nobody in. ( 副 词 ) Please make yourself at home. 介词短语) Don’ t let him do that. (省 to 不定式) His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (带 to 不定式) Don’t keep the lights burning. (现在分词) I’ll have my bike repaired. (过去分词) 主补:对主语的补充。 He was elected monitor. She was found singing in the next room. He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson. 定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。 Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词) He is our friend. (代 词) We belong to the third world. (数词) He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (形容词) The man over there is my old friend.(副词) The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词) The boys playing football are in Class 2. (现在 分词) The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去分词) I have an idea to do it well. (不 定式) You should do everything that I do. (定语从句) 状语:用来修饰 v., adj., adv., or 句子。 表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、 条件、方式和让步。 (以下例句按上述顺序排列) 小初高试卷教案习题集

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