开城中学 2013-2014 学年高二上学期第二次月考 英语试题
（满分 120 分） 第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Take your time----it's just _____short distance from here to_____ restaurant. A.不填；the B. a; the C. the; a D.不填；a 2. A driver should the road when . A. concentrate on; drive C. concentrate to; drove B. concentrate in; driving D. concentrate on; driving
3．I doubt_______ she can do such a foolish thing. A. that B. whether C. what D. if 4. Ladies and gentleman, please fasten your seat belts. The plane _______. A. takes off B. is taking off C. has taken off D. took off 5. --You've left the light on.--Oh, so I have. ______and turn it off. A. I'll go B. I've gone C. I go D. I'm going 6. The scientists say that the Chang'e-5 lunar satellite will be ready to _______ in a few minutes. A. run away B. put off C. take away D. lift off 7. If we______ a table earlier, we couldn’t be standing here in a queue. A. have booked B. booked C. book D. had booked 8. It is pity that the modern building was _______ in the big fire. A. taken up B. burned down C. taken down D. burned up 9. It was in the factory _____ Mr. White once worked _____ I met him yesterday. A. that; where B. that; that C. where; that D. where; where 10. No one responded when Tom was speaking, so he paused ______ to draw our attention before continuing. A. eagerly B. deliberately C. firmly D. tightly 11.Children under 12 years of age in that country ______ be under adult supervision when in a public library． A. must B. may C. can D. need 12. Fireworks must be put in safe place, because they can ______easily. A. go out B. go off C. go away D .go over 13. I wish I__________ you yesterday. A. have seen B. were to see C. see D. had seen 14. We're living in an age _______ many things are done on computer. A. that B. which C. why D. when
15. -- What do you want to do next? We have half an hour until the basketball game. -- ______. Whatever you want to do is fine with me. A. It just depends B. It’s up to you C. All right D. Glad to hear that 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四册选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项。 Contrary to popular belief, people who sleep six to seven hours a night live longer, and those who sleep eight hours or more die ___1___, according to the latest study ever conducted on the subject. The ___2___ , which tracked the sleeping habits of 1.l million Americans for six years, ___3___ the advice of many sleep doctors who have long ___4___ that people get eight or nine hours of sleep every night. “There’s a(n) ___5___ idea that people get eight hours a night, which has ___6___ scientific basis than the gold ___7___ of the rainbow,” said Daniel Kripke, a professor of psychiatry at the University of California at San Diego who led the study, published in a recent ___8___of the Archives (档案) of General Psychiatry. “That’s an old wives’ tale.” The study was not ___9___ to answer why sleeping longer may be ___10___ or whether people could extend their life span by sleeping less ___11___. But Kripke said it was possible that people who slept longer ___12___ to suffer from short—term absence of sleeping, a condition where weaken breathing puts stress on the heart and ___13___. He also speculated (推测) that the need for sleep was similar to ___14___ , where getting less than people want may be ___15___ for them. The study quickly caused warnings and criticism , with some ___16___ experts saying that the main problem in America’s sleeping habits was deprivation (剥夺), not sleeping too ___17___. “None of this says sleep ___18___ people,” said Daniel Buysse, a university professor of Pittsburgh psychiatrist. “You should sleep as much as you need to feel ___19___, alert and attentive the next day.” Buysse added, “I’m more ____20 ___ about people short----changing themselves on sleep than people sleeping too long.” Sleeplessness produces a variety of health results that were not measured in the study, critics said. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. younger B. program B. suppose B. expected B. new B. any more B. at the end copy B. written helpful later study C. determines wished C. old C. much more B. in the end dictionary B. done C. B. healthier C. stronger D. older work D. report C. strengthens D. weakens suggested D. demanded ideal D. crazy C. no more D. even more C. at the beginning D. in the middle C. book D. text used D. designed C. harmful D. good
26. A. longer 27. A. were sure ready 28. A. brain D. lungs 29. A. vegetable D. fruit 30. A. bad B. better 31. A. heart 32. A. much B. 33. A. saves D. rests 34. A. sleepy amused 35. A. worried concerned
B. less B. tended B. stomach B. water worse B. brain little B. kills B. awake
D. happily C. were going C. back C. food
C. good C. nerve C. nervously C. C. tired C. encouraged
D. D. sleep D. short builds D. D.
第二部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A In the world of entertainment, TV talk shows have undoubtedly flooded on daytime television. And anyone who watches them regularly knows that each one varies in style. But no two shows are more different in content, while at the same time standing out above the rest, than the Jerry Springer and the Oprah Winfrey shows. Jerry Springer could easily be considered the king of “trash talk”. The topics on his show are as shocking as shocking can be. For example, the show takes the ever-common talk show themes of love, sex, cheating, guilt, hate, conflict and morality (道德) to a different level. The Jerry Springer show is a display and exploitation (利用) of society’s moral disasters, yet people are willing to eat up the difficulties of other people’s lives. Jerry ends every show with a “final word”. He makes a small speech that sums up the entire moral of the show, which is the part where most people will learn something very valuable. Like Jerry Springer, Oprah Winfrey takes TV talk show to its extreme. The show focuses on the improvement of society and an individual’s quality of life. Topics range from teaching your children responsibility, managing your work weekly, to getting to know your neighbors. The Oprah show’s main target audience are middle-class Americans. Jerry Springer, on the other hand, has more of an association with the young adults of society. While the two shows are as different as night and day, both have ruled the talk
show circuit (圈子) for many years now. Each one has a different audience while both have a strong following from large groups of fans and both could also be considered pioneers in the talk show world. 36. Compared with other TV talk shows, both the Jerry Springer and the Oprah Winfrey are ________. A. more family-oriented(以家庭为中心的) C. more different A. aims at middle class American useless C. makes people disappointed in society valuable 38. We can learn from the passage that the two talk shows ________. A. are intended for different audiences B. exploit the weaknesses in human nature C. appear at different times of the day D. have the same theme 39. The passage is mainly about ________. A. the importance of television talk shows B. the popularity of television talk shows C. two different but outstanding talk shows D. two famous talk show hosts: Jerry and Oprah B China is a land of bicycles. At least it was back in 1992 when I traveled the country. Back then everyone seemed to be riding a bicycle. Millions of them, all black. Cars were rare. Yet since my arrival in Beijing last year, I've found the opposite is true. There are millions of cars. However, people still use their bicycles to get around. For many, it's the easiest and cheapest way to travel today. Bicycles also come in different colors---silver, green, red, blue, yellow, whatever you want. It's fun watching people biking. They rush quickly through crossroads, move skillfully through traffic, and ride even on sidewalks( 人行道 ). Bicycles allow people the freedom to move about that cars just can't provide. Eager to be part of this aspect of Chinese culture, I decided to buy a bicycle. Great weather accompanied my great buy. I immediately jumped up on my bicycle seat and started home. My first ride home was orderly (守秩序的). To be safe, I stayed with a “pack” of bikers while cars on the streets came running swiftly out of nowhere at times. I didn't want to get hit. So I took the ride carefully.www. Crossing the streets was the biggest problem. It was a lot like crossing a major D. teaches people something B. extremely popular D. very formal B. is filled with talk that are
37. According to the passage, the talk show hosted by Jerry Springer ________.
highway back in the United States. The streets here were wide, so crossing took time, skill and a little bit of luck. I finally made it home. The feeling on the bicycle was amazing. The air hitting my face and going through my hair was wonderful. I was sitting on top of the world as I passed by places and people. Biking made me feel alive. 40. According to the author, why are bicycles still popular in China today? A. Because they are traditional and safe. B. Because they are convenient and inexpensive. C. Because they are colorful and available. D. Because they are fast and environment friendly. 41. The author decided to buy a bicycle because he intended__________. A. to ride it for fun B. to use it for transport C. to experience local culture D. to improve his riding skills 42. How did the author feel about his street crossing? A. It was boring. B. It was difficult. C. It was lively. D. It was wonderful. 43. Which of the following best describes the author's biking experience? A. The author enjoyed showing off his biking skills. B. The author was annoyed by the air while riding. C. The author was praised by the other bikers. D. The author took great pleasure in biking. C Winter is the time of year when people feel very blessed. This isn't because people feel thankful for the cold weather, nor because the important festivals---Christmas or Spring Festival---offer an excuse to celebrate. In fact, “Bless you!” is a common response if someone sneezes, a symptom(症状）of catching a cold or the flu. Colds and the flu are the most common illnesses of autumn and winter as the weather gets colder. Viruses cause them. If you get one you will feel annoyed, but it is not usually serious. The flu is spread from person to person when we come into contact with a person with the virus. We get the virus on our hands and then we touch our noses and our mouths. We can pass on the flu before we realize we have it. You can infect(传染) others one day before symptoms develop and for up to five days after becoming sick. Getting a flu vaccination is the best way to prevent the illness. Even if your body has built up antibodies（抗体）for one kind of flu. The vaccine（疫苗）is only effective for one year and viruses are different from year to year, so it is necessary to get a flu vaccination every year. The best time to get the vaccination is October or November. Besides, there are other ways to reduce your chance of getting a flu. Wash your hands. Get enough rest. Eat garlic regularly. Don't let stress control you. Exercise regularly. 44. We say “Bless you!” when __________. A. we feel annoyed at someone B. someone catches a cold or the flu C. someone sneezes D. we celebrate some important
festivals 45. How many ways are mentioned in the passage to stop you from catching the flu? A. 3 B.5 C.6 D.7 46. The passage is intended to tell us ___________. A. how to keep healthy B. what to do about flu C. the influence of flu D. the causes of flu 47. We can infer the passage that____________. A. People catch a cold or the flu only in autumn or winter. B. people getting a flu vaccination won’t catch the illness for life. C. flu can cause symptoms such as sore throat and a runny nose. D. people with the virus of flu but having no symptoms can still infect others. D Are you an optimist? “Optimism is the belief that good things will happen to you and that negative events are temporary setbacks (挫折) to be overcome” — this is how the Mayo Clinic, one of the best hospitals in the US, defines (为……下定义) optimism. Pessimists tend to believe in Murphy’s Law — “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong” — and don’t bother to “waste” their time solving problems. Optimists, by contrast, do not give up easily. According to Suzanne Segerstrom, psychology ( 心 理 学 ) professor at the University of Kentucky, US, optimists react to difficult situations head-on. They seek advice from others and stay focused on solutions. Even if they fail in the end, they still look for something good in every situation or use it to gather experience and grow in a positive way as a person. Being an optimist does have its benefits. Optimists are more likely to be happy, popular and successful. Studies have shown that optimists tend to live longer too. According to The New York Times, optimists take better care of themselves and do not tend to develop life-shortening habits, such as smoking, drinking, overeating and getting too stressed. Whether you are an optimist or a pessimist has a lot to do with genes. But the way you are raised and the effort you yourself put into building your levels of optimism also make a difference. Segerstrom suggests that “act first and the right feeling will follow”. “People can learn to be more optimistic by acting as if they were more optimistic,” wrote Segeratrom in her book, Breaking Murphy’s Law. She suggested that this would stop one from giving up after every single little failure. “You might succeed more than you expected,” she wrote. Researchers at the Mayo Clinic also offered several suggestions. Focus on the things that you can control instead of worrying about possible failures. Try to see the good aspects in every situation; even if you are just mopping the floor, take time to stand back and admire how shiny and clean the floor looks when you are done.
Hang around with optimistic and cheerful people, and they will help you see the brighter side of life. 48. What do people who live by Murphy’s Law tend to do? A. See negative events as temporary. C. Make an effort to solve problems. 49. Why are optimists more likely to succeed? A. They often have fewer unhealthy habits. B. They react more quickly than pessimists. C. They focus more on solutions and learn from failures. D. They usually work harder than pessimists do. 50. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text? A. Pessimists tend to live longer than optimists. B. Staying with cheerful people is the best way to be optimistic. C. It’s better to get rid of life-shortening habits if you want to be optimistic. D. Acting as if you are more optimistic helps build your level of optimism. 51. Which of the following is the best title? A. The Definition of Optimism C. Optimism and Pessimism B. Why not Be an Optimist? D. Murphy’s Law B. Give up in the face of problems. D. Seek for advice from others.
E The purpose of communication is to get your message across to others. This is a process that involves both the sender of the message and the receiver. This process leaves room for error, with messages often being misunderstood by one or more of the parties involved. This causes unnecessary confusion. In fact, a message is successful only when both the sender and the receiver perceive (感知) it in the same way. By successfully getting your message across（传递） ， you convey your thoughts and ideas effectively. When not successful, the thoughts and ideas that you convey do not necessarily reflect your own, causing a communication breakdown and creating roadblocks that stand in the way of your goals — both personally and professionally. In a recent survey of recruiters (招募者) in companies with more than 50,000 employees, communication skills were cited as the single more important factor in choosing managers. The survey, conducted by the University of Pittsburgh’s Katz Business School, points out that communication skills, including written and oral presentations, as well as an ability to work with others, are the main factors leading to job success.
In spite of the increasing importance placed on communication skills, many individuals continue to struggle with this, unable to communicate their thoughts and ideas effectively — whether in oral or written form. This inability（无能） makes it nearly impossible for them to compete effectively in the workplace, and stands in the way of career progression. Getting your message across is essential to progressing. To do this, you must understand what your message is, what audience you are sending it to, and how it will be perceived. You must also consider the circumstances surrounding your communication, such as situational and cultural context. 52. The underlined word “This” in the first paragraph refers to ______. A. the purpose of communication B. the process of getting your message across to others C. the process of letting others know your purpose D. the cause of unnecessary confusion 53. A communication failure occurs when ______. A. the sender and the receiver understand the message in the same way B. the sender creates problems in a professional way C. the receiver purposely understands the message wrong D. the way you send the message creates problems with the receiver 54. _______ make for job success. A. Communication skills along with written presentations B. Communication skills and ability to cooperate C. Written presentations together with ability to work with others D. The abilities to cooperate with others 55. What is the attitude of the writer towards the communication skills? A. Neutral. (中立的） B. Opponent.（反对的） C. Supportive. D. Indifferent. 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 任务型读写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填一个单词。 If we agree that the function of education is to prepare us for life, then there is very little time to waste. So, while we can, we ought to concentrate on teaching children something really useful. Here is what our school should teach. Politeness is a mark of civilazation. The sooner children learn this, the better. In any case, a lot can be accomplished by a smile and good manners. Like it or not, our adult lives will be consumed by the struggle for money, but we don't make an effort to teach children how to manage it. So our schools have a duty to teach them this ability from the beginning.
We're likely to accept something we are told, but that's not what educated people do. Educated people are reasonable and they look at facts. If our schools teach nothing else, they should at least teach critical(批判性的)thinking. Children should learn to take care of their health. They should know that if they eat junk food(垃圾食品), they will become fat and unhealthy. They should be very clear about what happens to their bodies when they drink or smoke. All of us are part of society. We have rights and responsibilities. We ought to understand what they are. We have to know a little bit of our history and geography, because we need to have an environment in which to relate to the people around us. How will we test students on these? We can't. But that's not a reason to avoid teaching what is important. Our schools should spend every moment they have telling this to our children: “This is life, this is what you are going to face, and this is how you deal with it.” Title Introduction Advice Very Useful (1) ________ Education should be a (2)________ for life. Important things should be taught in (3) ________. ●How to behave (5) ________ Teaching (4)________ ●The basic skill of (6) ________ money ●How to(7)________ in a critical way ●How to keep(8) ________ ●The rights and responsibilities one has in (9) ________ Conclusion Children should be taught what(10) ________ is and how to deal with it.
第二节 书面表达（满分25分） 假定你是李华，将于新星外语学校毕业。你从报纸上得知某公司要招聘英文秘书，你很感兴 趣。请你给该公司写一封求职信，主要内容包括： 1. 年龄； 2. 学习情况，英语水平及相关经历或经验； 3. 性格特点。 注意： 1．词数100左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头语已写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇： Dear Sir/Madam, I learned from the newspaper that your company needs an English secretary.
I … 高二英语答题卷 班级： 姓名： 第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分） 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 16 26 17 27 18 28 19 29 20 30 21 31 22 32 23 33 24 34 25 35
第二部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 36 46 37 47 38 48 39 49 40 50 41 51 42 52 43 53 44 54 45 55
第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 任务型读写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1： 2： 4： 5：
6： 7： 8： 9： 10： :第二节 书面表达（满分25分） _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________