【精品】(冀、贵、甘(全国Ⅱ)专用)高三英语二轮复习 专题一 单项填空 第二讲 “汇”句课件_图文


第二讲 品味经典

“汇”句 名师指津
A I used to

1.This is the very knife cut apples yesterday. A.that

B.by which

C.which
解析

D.with which

句中的used to并非“过去常常”的意

思,因为后面有yesterday,因此排除D,所以 及物动词used后面应该有宾语,关系词应该是 代词,又因为先行词中有the very来修饰,排 除C,A为最佳答案。

2.He is the only one of the students who a winner of scholarship for three

years.
A.is C.have been B.are D.has been

解析

此题形式上好像只是考查主谓一致和时态的

运用,实际上关键是确定先行词。代词one前是否 有定冠词决定定语从句中的谓语动词的单复数形 式,one of the students中的先行词是the students,定语从句的谓语动词要用复数形式;此 处the only one of the students中的先行词是 the only one,所以定语从句中的谓语动词要用单 数形式。而且句子中因为有状语for three years,

要用现在完成时,所以综合判断后答案是D。
答案 D

3.The hardworking peasants and their happy life A./

A

we saw in the countryside made B.who

a wonderful impression on us.

C.which
解析

D.whom

先行词是the hard-working peasants

and their happy life,既有人又有物,关系代 词只能用that,又因为其在定语从句中作saw的 宾语,故可以省略。选择A。不管题干有多长,

抓住主要成分将其简化,减小难度。

4.The result is not the same

expected,
A.which;as C.that;which 解析

D they had was rather disappointing. B.as;that D.as;which

the same后承前省略了result,先行词前

有the same、so、as修饰时,关系词常用as,另

外,关系代词as常用于一些固定搭配中,如as
they had expected 意为“正如他们事先预料 的”,第二个关系代词which引导的非限定性定

语从句用来指代前面整个句子。选择D。

5.Is this hotel
here?

offered you a job

you stayed the first time you arrived

A.which;where
B.the one;in which C.where;that D.the one that;where

解析 is

选项B、C是明显错误的。本题结构较复杂, offered you a job you stayed

将疑问句形式改成陈述句形式就是:This hotel
the first time you arrived here? 从这样的结 构看来this hotel是主语,后面跟the one来作表 语,the one后面是that引导的定语从句,因为作 offered的主语,因此不能省,the one后面的另一 个定语从句是where引导的,这样解释似乎D是正确 的,但当先行词后跟两个定语从句时,第二个定语

从句应该用and连接,而D项中缺and,因此D项不对。
我们再把这个问句换成另一个陈述句:This hotel

offered you a job is

you stayed the first

time you arrived here. 这种改法使我们的思路 豁然开朗,原来是this hotel作先行词,后跟一个 which引导的定语从句,而is后面是个where引导的 表语从句,这样的结构是完全正确的,本句意思是

“提供给你工作的这家旅馆是你第一次来这里住的
地方吗?”。选择A。解本题突破定性思维是关 键,注意句子的不同组装法,从中选一个从结构到 含义都符合的选项。 答案 A

6.Everyone stood up
A.while C.every time 解析

D into the lecture hall.

the hero came
B.instant D.immediately

副词immediately作连词用,连接前后两

个句子,表示“一……就”,引导时间状语从
句。类似用法的词有directly,instantly。另 外,名词短语the moment,the minute,the

second,every time,the first time,last
time也引导时间状语从句表达同样的意思。选 择D。

7.In a horseracing sport, it is common that the only active participants are the horses and the riders, else watches. A.when C.which B.while D.where everyone

解析 while用作并列连词,意思是“但;却;然 而”,表示对比或与前面的情况相反,注意when和 as不能表示这一含义。While的其他用法:1.用作 从属连词,意思是“当……时;和……同时”,引 导时间状语从句。注意该状语从句的谓语动词必须 是延续性动词,不能是终止性动词,如果是终止性 动词,酌情用when或as。2.用作从属连词,表示让 步,意思是“虽然”,其意义相当于although,主 要用于书面语中。注意主句的前面不可有but等连 接词。3.while作名词时,意思是“一点时间;一 会儿”,表示泛指时常与a连用;表示特指时可与 the, this, that连用。常用的短语有:after a while过了一会儿;all the while一直;in a while不久;once in a while偶尔等。 答案 B

8.—

matters to do the job well—what
you are or where you come from?

—Neither. It depends on whether you put

your heart into it.
A.Which is it that B.What it is that C.Which it is that D.What is it which

解析

本句考查强调句式,特殊疑问词应放在句首,

其结构是:特殊疑问词+is/was+it+that/ who...。句意为:——做好这项工作的关键在于你

的职业还是你来自何处?——两者均不是,这要看
你是否用心去做。选择A。 答案 A

9.Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea B ? A.where is the party to be held

B.where the party is to be held
C.if a party is to be held D.whether is a party to be held

解析

主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句中表示

“是否”, 必须用whether(主语从句中,it 作 形式主语时,可用if );宾语从句中一般情况下

whether 与if 可以通用,但在以下情况下不能
用if ,只能用whether: a.介词后;b.其后跟不 定式;c.其后紧跟or not;d.引导让步状语从句。 另外,名词性从句用陈述语序。B为最佳选项。

10.Never before

in greater need of C modern public transport than it is today.
A.has this city been B.this city has been C.was this city

D.this city was
解析 表示否定含义的副词never 放句首用部分 倒装,这类副词有:never,hardly,seldom,

scarcely,little,not等。故选择C。

11.When you answer questions in a job
interview, please remember the golden rule: Always give the monkey exactly A he wants. A.what B.which C.when 解析 D.that 这是一个宾语从句,wants后面缺少宾

语,that是连词,在名词性从句中不充当任何成

分,而what是连接代词,在名词性从句中充当成
分,通常作主语,宾语,表语或补语,所以选择 A。句意为:当你在找工作面试回答问题时,请

记住这条黄金定律:永远不折不扣地给予对方他
想要的东西。

12.Information has been put forward B
more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities. A.while C.when 解析 B.that D.as

这是一个同位语从句。that引导从句作

information的同位语,解释information的具体 内容。that只起引导作用,在从句中不作成分。

句意为:有消息说,更多的中学毕业生将进入大
学。

13.What the doctors really doubt is C my
mother will recover from the serious disease soon. A.when C.whether B.how D.why

解析

这是一个表语从句。根据doubt一词可

知,所怀疑的应是是否能治好病,所以要填 whether。句意为:医生真正怀疑的是我妈妈是

否能从重病中很快康复。

14. C in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your
e-mail account. A.What is required C.It is required B.What requires D.It requires

解析

本句的结构为:It is+动词的过去分词

+that 引导主语从句,it是形式主语;经常用于 这种结构的动词还有say, report, think, hope, expect, consider, suggest等。若选择A,其结 构是:What is required in the regulations is that you should not tell other people the password of your e-mail account.。

15.

,I have to put it away and focus my

attention on study this week. A.However the story is amusing B.No matter amusing the story is C.However amusing the story is D.No matter how the story is amusing

解析

不管是however,还是no matter how,引导的

让步状语从句都要部分倒装,即“however+ adv./ adj.+主语+谓语...” ;B加上how后,等价于C, 也是正确的。注意how/what/when/where + ever和 no matter how/what/when/where等的区别是:前者

用法更广泛,可引导让步状语从句和其他从句,在句
中可作状语,主语,宾语等,而后者只能引导让步 状语从句,在从句中作状语。

答案 C

高考感悟
1.(2010·山东,28)The school rules state

that no child shall be allowed out of the
school during the day, D accompanied by an adult. A.once C.if 解析 B.when D.unless 句意为:学校规定,除非由成年人陪伴,

孩子不允许白天出校门。unless除非,符合语 境,unless后省略了they are。once一旦;when

当……的时候;if如果。

2.(2010·陕西,20)John thinks it won’t be long A.when C.before C he is ready for his new job. B.after D.since

解析

句意为:约翰认为他不久就会为他的新工

作做好准备。It won’t be long before...是 一个常用的句式,意思是“不久就会……”。

3.(2010·安徽,27)It was from only a few
supplies that she had bought in the village B the hostess cooked such a nice dinner.

A.where
C.when 解析

B.that
D.which

句意为:仅仅用她从村庄里买来的一些简

单的东西,女主人就做了一顿丰盛的晚餐。从句 式看此句是强调句,故选B项。

4.(2010·江苏,31)—I have tried very hard to find a solution to the problem,but in

vain.
—Why not consult with Frank? You see, B . A.great minds think alike

B.two heads are better than one
C.a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush D.it’s better to think twice before doing something

解析

句意为:——我尽力去找出解决问题的办

法,结果却是白费工夫。——你为什么不去找弗兰 克商量?你知道,三个臭皮匠顶个诸葛亮嘛。A项 意为“英雄所见略同”;B项意为“三个臭皮匠, 顶个诸葛亮”;C项意为“一鸟在手胜过双鸟在 林”;D项意为“三思而后行”。

5.(2010·江西,31)The girl arranged to

have piano lessons at the training centre
with her sister an hour. A.where C.which B.who D.what A she would stay for

解析

句意为:这个女孩安排在培训中心和她的

妹妹上钢琴课,在那儿她要待上一个小时。 where在句中引导定语从句,修饰先行词the

training centre。

6.(2010·山东,24)That’s the new machine C parts are too small to be seen. B.which D.what A.that C.whose 解析

句意为:那是台新机器,它的零件小得都

看不见。whose引导定语从句,在从句中作parts 的定语。

7.(2010·四川,10)After graduating from
college,I took some time off to go travelling, decision. A.that B.which B turned out to be a wise

C.when
解析

D.where

句意为:大学毕业以后,我抽出了一些时

间去旅游,后来证明这是个明智的决定。句中空 格处应填非限制性定语从句的引导词,且指代前 面整句话的内容。故选B项。

8.(2010·福建,35)We should respect food

and think about the people who don’t have
C A.that C.what 解析 we have here and treat food nicely. B.which D.whether

句意为:我们应当重视食物,珍惜食物,

并应为那些没有我们所拥有的食物的人们作些考 虑。that引导名词性从句时不作句子成分,而此 处引导词须作宾语,故that不合适;which和

whether的含义与句意不符;what引导宾语从句
并在句中作宾语,符合句意。

9.(2010·浙江,1)—How about camping this
weekend,just for a change? —OK, C C.whatever you want. B.however D.whoever A.whichever

解析

句意为:——这个周末我们换一下去野营

怎么样啊?——好的。你想做什么就做什么。答 语为省略句式,全句应为:OK,whatever you want to do.。whichever不论哪个;however无 论怎样;whatever无论什么,不管什么; whoever不论是谁。

10.(2010·上海,36)One reason for her preference for city life is A she can have easy access to places like shops and

restaurants.
A.that C.what 解析 B.how D.why

此处考查的是同位语从句。考察that引导

同位语从句的用法。此处that不可以省略。

11.(2010·四川,14)How much one enjoys

himself travelling depends largely on
B he goes with,whether his friends or relatives. A.what 解析 B.who C.how D.why 句意为:一个人在旅游中的高兴程度在很

大程度上取决于他是和谁一起去的,不管是他的
朋友还是亲戚。介词on后跟宾语从句,从句中缺 少介词with的宾语,应用连接代词,排除C、D两

项;由句意知应选B项。

12.(2010·北京,32)Part of the reason

Charles Dickens loved his own novel,David
Copperfield,was B A.what C.why it was rather closely modeled on his own life. B.that D.whether

解析

句意为:查尔斯·狄更斯喜欢他自己的小

说《大卫·科波菲尔》的部分理由是这部小说很 贴近他自己的生活实际。that引导了一个表语从

句,只起连接作用,不作句子成分。

13.(2010·江西,33)Not until he left his
home A to know how important the family was for him. A.did he begin C.he began B.had he began D.he had began

解析

句意为:直到他离开了家时他才意识到家

对他来说是多么重要。not until置于句首修饰 时间状语(从句)时,应把主句进行部分倒装。

由left一词可知应用一般过去时态。

14.(2010·重庆,33)At the meeting place of
the Yangtze River and the Jialing River A ,one of the ten largest cities in China. A.lies Chongqing B.Chongqing lies

C.does lie Chongqing
D.does Chongqing lie 解析 句意为:在长江和嘉陵江汇合的地方,坐 落着中国十大城市之一的重庆。at引导的介词短 语表示地点且置于句首,因此要用全部倒装语序。

15.(2010·全国Ⅱ,9)Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who A.wear B evening dress. B.wears

C.has worn
解析

D.have worn

句意为:Barbara很容易被辨认出来,因

为她是唯一一名穿晚礼服的妇女。题干中先行词 是the only one,故定语从句中用单数谓语动 词;再根据主句的谓语动词是一般现在时知,从

句也用一般现在时。

日积月累——汉译英
1.我把他没到校一事告诉了值班老师。

I told the fact that he was absent from
school to the teacher on duty/in charge. 2.由于连续不断的暴雨,村民们被迫离开了家园。 The villagers were forced to leave their homeland because of the continuous rain storms. 3.很多因素造成了水的匮乏。 Many factors contribute to the shortage of

water.
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