淮安、宿迁、连云港、徐州苏北四市 2016 届高三上学期期末考试 英语试题
第一部分 听力理解（共两小节：满分 20 分） 第一节 （共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will the speakers do next？ A ．Eat some bread B．Go out to eat C．Make some soup 2. Where are the speakers？ A.In a store B. On the bus C. In a bank
3. What is the relationship between the speakers？ A．Husband and wife B．Teacher and student C．Brother and sister．
4. What does the man think of the actor’s performance? A ．Great B．Just so-so C. Terrible
5. What seems to be the man’s opinion？ A ．Mary will be a good teacher． R ．Mary can express her ideas clearly． C ．The students won’t understand Mary very well． 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小 题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does the woman look like in the photo? A..Relaxed. B. Young. C. Happy.
7. What's true about the woman's mother? A ．She had suffered from skin cancer. B ．She went to the beach every year. C. She likes swimming in the sea most. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8 ．Why does the woman need to leave early? A. To meet a friend. B. To have a job interview. C. To talk to Prof. Sogard atout her paper. 9. What is the woman most interested in right now?
A.Getting more experience．B．Earning more money. C．Helping others· 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10．Where are the speakers？ A ．At a travel agency B．on a plane． C．In the airport·
11 ．What annoys the woman most about air travel？ A ．Waiting in line to get through security· B ．Not being told the reason for a delay· C．Having to wait for a delayed Plane· 12．What does the woman think about getting free meals from the airlines？ A ．She thinks it’s unnecessary． B．She doesn’t think they will do it． C ．She thinks it’s part of traveling by air· 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13．What season is it now？ A．Sping． B．Summer． C．Fall． 14．Where should the man go if he wants to go hiking？ A ．Gennany． B．Switzerland．C．spain． 15．Why doesn’t the man want to go to Greece？ A.He can’t understand the language B. He dislikes ocean voyages C. He isn’t used to the food there 16．What do we know about the man’s nephew？
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．When does the sports center close in the evening？ A，7：00． B．8：00． C．9：00． 18．Which place is open all day？ A.The basketball courts B.The tennis courts C.The shop 19 ．For how long is the swimming pool open in the morning？ A．Two hours． B. Three hours． C．Seven hours 20．What will the listeners do next？
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小題；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 21. — The Spring Festival is drawing near. I am considering traveling in a small town,
especially ___________with an ocean view. —I agree with you; I would appreciate it if you could take me there. A. it B. one C. that D. this 22.While David sometimes has trouble getting along with his parents and even argues with them, their parents love him __________. A. not so much B. not so little C. no more D. no less 23.The two-story building has turned into a tea-house, among __________ previous owners were many well-known actors and actresses. A. whose B. which C. what D. whom 24.The police have already investigated some witnesses and the __________ is that it was just an accident, even among the families. A. conscience B. criterion C. consensus D. contract 25.Watching football games on TV at home is one thing, going to watch them __________ live is quite another. A. perform B. performing C. to perform D. being performed 26. Many Chinese use WeChat for both one-on-one and group communication ______________ international phone calls when traveling overseas. A. in preference to B. in process of C. in reference with D. in search of 27. —The Chinese men's basketball team won the champion in the final of the Asian championship in Changsha on Oct. 3rd, 2015. —Fantastic! It is the 16th time in history that China ___________the honorable award. A. got B. had got C. have got D. has got 28. —What shall we do to make the movie star's visit more successful? —Not much. It is just the hotel to put her up in ___________she is really particular about. A. where B. what C. which D.that 29. —Poor and backward area __________Western China is, many college students are willing to work there after graduation. 一 I can't agree more. More chances of employment are available. A. since B. as C. although D. while 30.Among the biggest problems facing those remote mountainous villages __________the lack of experienced teachers. A. is B. are C is there D. are there 31. The educational expert’s speech ________ a new round of consultation from parents about children’s domestic education. A. put off B. left off C. let off D. kicked off 32. New version of Paris climate agreement ___________, the whole world has seen a promising future of lower planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions.
C. has released
D. has been released
33. I wouldn't pursue my writing career now if I __________myself as weak in writing when I was young. A. defined B. should define C. would define D. had defined 34. Fine violins by skilled old Italians can _________ hundreds of thousands of dollars, and prices still keep rising. A. withdraw B. fetch C. deposit D. charge 35. ―If you don't improve your performance, they'll fire you. 一 I know__________, A. I can see the handwriting on the wall B. I'm as cool as a cucumber C. It's a confidential source D. It's hard to please all 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 She has a personality of bravery and liveliness, which wins hearts within minutes — and 9-year-old Gracie Miller is the symbol of grace after a tragic pit bull attack. " I may have lost my face, but I haven't lost my 36 ," she said, calming her mom down in the 37 room, 15 minutes after the accident, two days before Thanksgiving. That day, Gracie was visiting her grandfather, Ray Kaighn. While they were hanging out in the 38 , somehow, Atticus, a five-year-old pit bull owned by a visiting family member, took a flying 39 at Gracie, teeth 40 into Grade's face before its owner ran down to 41 him. Kaighn said he had been 42 to have the dog in his home, but agreed because Atticus was well-mannered and patient with children— 43 suddenly he wasn't. When Gracie came rolling into the emergency room, her attending doctor said, "She was just so 44 Her parents were really upset and she was 45 them and telling them it would be OK... 46 amazingly, the wounds to her face 47 missed her eye and her ear." Her teacher Kristine Lowder has been visiting her to tutor her. Lowder said the news of the dog attack left her 48 for days. "She is so lively, a happy-go-lucky kind of girl who was the 49 of grace in our class." Gracie has 50 many people in a similar way. And Grade's mom said her girl has never missed a beat since she came home. She will return to gymnastics soon. Gracie was never a bit worried about 51 to the basement where she had been so bitterly 52 —and she was upset when she learned Atticus would be 53 as a result. "I don't want him to die, I just don't want to see him again," she told her family. In life, many people are easy to feel frustrated by meeting a bit of 54 . From Gracie, we can conclude 55 and optimism surely contribute to our happy welfare. 36.A. consciousness B. memory C. enthusiasm D. personality
37.A. sleeping B. consulting 38.A. basement B. backyard 39.A. move B. jump 40.A. rubbed B. bitten 41.A. scold B. contain 42.A. disgusted B. determined 43.A. when B. before 44.A. brave B. talkative 45.A. pleasing B. comforting 46.A. Or B.Yet 47.A. closely B. simply 48.A. broken up B. torn up 49.A signal B. sculpture 50.A. touched B. encouraged 51.A. running down B. falling down 52.A. beaten B. defeated 53.A. put down B. put away 54.A. wound B. shortcoming 55. A. sympathy B. positivity
C. emergency C. wing C. action C. sunk C. frighten C. instant C. after C. kind D. C. relieving C.And D. C. narrowly C. mixed up D. C. sign C. educated D. C. jumping down D. C. hit C. put off C. setback C. mercy
D. examination D. park D. scratch D. plugged D. curse D. hesitant D. until scared D. securing But D. partly pushed up D. symbol conducted flying down D. attacked D. put out D. disadvantage D. glory
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。
56.Your measure reading might be inaccurate, if_______________. a.you have just finished your meal b.you have just cycled home from work c.your child is using the cell phone in the next room d.your wife has just finished measuring her blood pressure e.you have just been scolded by your boss because of the delayed work A. abc B. abe C.bce D. cde 57.Which of the following monitors is under warranty? A.The monitor that was bought six years ago. B.The monitor that goes wrong due to false use. C.The monitor whose purchase proof is missing. D.The monitor whose system broke down when first used. B Although the Samoan(萨摩亚）Natives have long claimed to be the indigenous(本土的） people of their islands, holding firm to the belief that Samoans were birthed by special creation in Samoa, it has been theorized by many linguists, based on linguistic commonalities as well as archaeological findings, that migrants from Southeast Asia arrived in the Samoan Islands approximately 3500 years ago, settling in what has come to be known as "Polynesia" further to the east. Early contact with Europeans was established in the 18th century. Christianity was formally introduced with the arrival of missionaries(传教士）in August 1830. During the early 20th century the Samoan Islands were divided by Germany, Great Britain and the USA. Tutuila and Aunu'u islands were claimed by the USA. The western islands became German Samoa.
In 1914, New Zealand forces captured the islands from Germany, thus becoming Western Samoa. Western Samoa regained its independence on January 1, 1962. Samoans are notable in rugby. Despite its small population, the island of American Samoa produces disproportionately a large number of world-class American football players. Samoan Mosi Tatupu was a member of NFL team(全国橄榄球联盟）the New England Patriots. Samoan Troy Polamalu was a member of the NFL team the Pittsburgh Steelers until he retired after the 2014 football season. Traditional Samoan tattoo( 纹身 )proves the strong ties many Samoans feel for their culture. Samoans have practiced the art of tattooing for over 2,000 years. To this day, a man's tattoo widely covers from mid-back, down the sides, to the knees. A woman's tattoo is not quite as wide or heavy. The geometric patterns are based on ancient designs, and often indicate rank and status. Here is the process of tattooing. The tattoo master dips his cutting tools into black ink made from burnt shells, and then punctures designs into the skin. The cutting tool consists of a short piece of bamboo or light wood with a piece of tortoiseshell bound at right angles at one end. A little bone comb is bound to the lower broad end of the tortoiseshell. The larger the comb, the greater the area on the skin is covered with fewer strokes. The process takes days, and is sometimes partially accomplished over longer periods, with recovery in between. 58.From Paragraph 2 we can learn that_____________. A.Missionaries firstly introduced Christianity into Samoa in August of 1830 B.Tutuila and Aunu'u islands have ever been claimed by Great Britain in 1920 C.Eastern and western Samoa regained its independence in January of 1962 D.Samoa has a history of being occupied by at least four developed countries 59.The author introduced the sport item "rugby" in Samoa with a tone of __________. A. dignity B. doubt C. respect D. sadness 60.When talking about their culture, Samoan natives most probably agree that ________ A.a woman's tattoo is quite heavy and not wide B.a man's tattoo covers from mid-chest to knees C.Tattoo-receiving recovers slowly but necessarily D.Tattoo patterns always indicate rank and gender C NEW cars that can control and brake themselves risk quieting people in the driver's seat into a false sense of security 一 and even to sleep. That was one surprising finding when researchers put Stanford University students in a simulated(模拟的）self-driving car to study how they reacted when their robo-chauffer needed help. The experiment was one in a growing number that assesses how cars can safely hand control back to a person when their self-driving software is at a loss. With some models already able to stay in their lane or keep a safe distance from other traffic, and automakers pushing for more automation, the car-to-driver handoff is a big open question. The elimination(消除）of distracted driving is a major selling point for the technology. But in the Stanford experiment, reading or watching a movie helped keep participants awake. The Stanford research suggests engaging people with media could help, while some automakers are marketing vehicles with limited self-driving features that will
slow the car if they detect a person has stopped paving attention to the road. Though research is ongoing, it appears that people need at least 5 seconds to take over. Meanwhile, traditional automakers are advancing with the technology. Mercedes and Toyota sell cars that can hit the brakes and stay in their lane. By adding new features each year, they might produce a truly self-driving car in about a decade. One potential risk of this gradualist approach became clear this fall, when Tesla Motors had to explain that its "auto pilot" feature did not mean drivers could stop paying attention. Starting late next year, the Cadillac CTS will get a Super Cruise system, which will allow semi-autonomous highway driving. If the driver's eyes are off the road, and they don't respond to repeated urging, the car slows. "We are in no way selling this as a technology where the driver can check out," General Motors spokesman Dan Flores said, "You can relax, glance away, but you still have to be aware because you know the technology's not safe." One riddle automakers must solve: How to get owners to trust the technology so they'll use it ― but not trust it so much that they'll fall into a false sense of security. Trust was on the mind of researchers who in August published an extensive report on self-driving cars. "Although this trust is essential for widespread adoption, participants were also observed prioritizing non-driving activities over the operation of the vehicle," the authors wrote. Another wide-open question: How to alert the person in the driver's seat of the need to take over. It appears that the car should appeal to several senses. Visual warnings alone may not be enough. 61. In the experiment, one disadvantage of the self-driving car is that in the drivers' seats people ______________ A.have a sense of security because of new technology B.can't react immediately when they need help C.are often distracted while driving the car D.like to read and watch a movie to keep awake 62.What does the underlined word "handoff" in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. change B. control C. pull D. push 63.From the passage, we can conclude that____________ A.the automakers are proud of the new cars for their technology B.there are problems to solve in getting owners to trust the technology C.automakers have already marketed cars with limited self-driving technology D.traditional automakers rather than present ones are advancing with the technology 64.The author's purpose of writing the passage is to____________ A.remind the readers of risks in the self-driving car B.advertise and market the new self-driving car C.get more participants to experiment in the self-driving car D.introduce the advanced technology in the self-driving car D Gone with the Wind is a novel written by Margaret Mitchell, first published in 1936. It was popular with American readers from the onset and was the top American fiction bestseller in the year it was published and in 1937 on the row. As of 2014, a Harris poll
found it to be the second favorite book of American readers, just behind the Bible. More than 30 million copies have been printed worldwide. The sales of Margaret Mitchell's novel in the summer of 1936, at the virtually unprecedented price of three dollars, reached about one million by the end of December. Because it was released in the era of the Great Depression and Mitchell worried the high $3.00 price would ruin its chance for success. Actually the book was a bestseller by the time reviews began to appear in national magazines. Herschel Brickell, a critic for the New York Evening Post, praised Mitchell for the way she "tosses out the window all the thousands of technical tricks our novelists have been playing with for the past twenty years." One criticism by literary scholar Patricia Yaeger, leveled at Gone with the Wind, is for its portrayal of African Americans in the 19th century South. Former field hands during the early days of Reconstruction are described behaving "as creatures of small intelligence might naturally be expected to do. Like monkeys or small children turned loose among treasured objects whose value is beyond their comprehension, they ran wild~either from wrong pleasure in destruction or simply because of their ignorance." In Gone with the Wind Mitchell is blind to racial oppression and 'the inseparability of race and gender" that defines the southern belle character of Scarlett, according to Patricia Yaeger. Yet there are complexities in the way that Mitchell dealt with racial issues. Scarlett was asked by a Yankee woman for advice on who to appoint as a nurse for her children; Scarlett suggested a "darky", much to the disgust of the Yankee woman who was seeking an Irish maid, a "Bridget". African Americans and Irish Americans are treated "in precisely the same way" in Gone with the Wind, writes David O'Connell in his 1996 book, The Irish Roots of Margaret Mitchells Gone with the Wind. Ethnic slurs(种族蔑称)on the Irish and Irish stereotypes spread in every part of the novel, O'Connell claims, and Scarlett is not an exception to the insults. And apparently in the novel, the Irish American O'Haras were slaveholders whereas African Americans were held as slaves. Speaking on the subject of whether Gone with the Wind should be taught in schools, James Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong, says the novel should be taught in schools. Students should be told that Gone with the Wind presents the wrong view of slavery, Loewen states. Besides, the main complaint was that the racial slur "nigger" appears repeatedly in the novel. In the same complaint were several other books: The Nigger of the 'Narcissus', Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and The
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Another criticism of the novel is that it promotes plantation values. Mitchell biographer Marianne Walker, author of Margaret Mitchell & John Marsh: The Love Story Behind Gone with the Wind, is of the opinion that those who believe Gone with the Wind promotes plantation values have not read the book. Walker states it is the popular 1939 film that "promotes a false notion of the Old South". She goes on to add that Mitchell had no involvement in the production of the film. Perhaps the most enduring legacy(遗产)of Gone with the Wind is that people worldwide would incorrectly think it was the true story of the Old South and how it was changed by the American Civil War and Reconstruction. The film version of the novel "amplified this effect". Scholars of the period have written in recent years about the negative effects the novel has had on race relations. 65. When Gone with the Wind was published, _______________.
A.it became the top bestseller all of the time B.reading was more popular than anything else then C.the price of the book was too high for people then D.American people were suffering financial problems 66.in Paragraph 3, the underlined part "Former field hands" refers to________________ A.peasants in the early time B.African-American people C.creatures of small intelligence D.people in Reconstruction 67.David O'Connell's view is different from Patricia Yaeger's in ______________ A.Mitchell's Ethnic slurs in the novel B.Mitchell's description of slave laborers C.Mitchell's attitude towards the Irish people D.Mitchell's ways of dealing with racial problems 68.According to Paragraph 5, which of the following statements is True? A.James Loewen sings high praise for American history textbooks. B.Uncle Tom ’s Cabin also shows some racial discrimination. C.The repeated appearance of the racial slur "nigger" is only a trick. D.Gone with the Wind should be taught because it shows slavery is wrong. 69.What can we infer as to the film Gone with the Wind? A.It has nothing to do with the novel. B.It promotes a false concept of plantation. C.It reflects the true story of the Old South. D.It is not so faithful to the novel. 70.Among the four persons, who doesn't give positive comments on Gone with the Wind? A. Herschel Brickell. B. David O'Connell. C. Patricia Yaeger. D. Marianne Walker. 第四部分：任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意： 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Is E-mail Dead? With the rise of rapid-fire messaging, the digital letter seems to be crawling toward the fate of snail mail. If your in-box is currently reporting unread messages in the hundreds or thousands, you might have a hard time believing the news: e-mail is on the decline. The total volume of e-mail has dropped about 10 percent since 2010. The word "e-mail" itself tells you about its origins: it was modeled on written letters. To this day, a lot of e-mail begins with a salutation. Maybe it's "Hey" instead of "Dear Casey," but it's there. And because there was so much overhead involved with sending a letter~folding, enveloping, addressing, stamping, mailing—few bothered to send only a few words. The effort seemed to justify a longer message. Once viewed as the death of the personal human touch, e-mail has now taken over the letter's place as a form of new communication —both business and personal. But is its day in the digital sun coming to a close? Today's instant electronic memos~such as texting and Facebook and Twitter messages
—are more direct, more concentrated, more efficient. They get rid of the salutation; we already know the "to" and "from." Many corporations are moving to messaging networks for exactly that reason: more signal, less noise. And less time. This trend is further evidence that store-and-forward systems such as e-mail and voicemail are outdated. Instead of my leaving you a lengthy message that you pick up later, I can now send you an easily consumed message that you can read—and respond to—on the go. The decline of e-mail corresponds neatly to the dawn of the mobile era. Does this mean e-mail is on its way to the dustbin of digital history? Was it just a transitional technology~~from postal mail to the new, rapid-fire communication channels? Not necessarily. E-mail still has certain advantages. Whereas tweets and texts feel transient―you read them, then they're gone, into an endless string~e-mail still feels like something you have, that you can file, search and return to later. It's easy to imagine that it will continue to feel more appropriate for formal communications: agreements, important news, longer explanations. So in a word, no, e-mail won't go away completely. Remember, we've been through a transition like this not so long ago: when e-mail was on the rise, people said that postal mail was dead. That's not how it works. Postal mail found its place, and so will e-mail. Technology rarely replaces an institution completely; it just adds new avenues.
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的短文
1. When in London by tube with mainly English passengers, we tend to sit together in total silence. However, when I traveled in China, people sitting next to me often asked me about my age, salary, and even marriage. They were also willing to introduce themselves as much as possible.
2. On the first day I arrived in China, a Chinese professor invited me to dinner accompanied by his colleagues. After dinner, the professor paid for the meal alone, although the others also offered to pay for it. In Britain, we are accustomed to going "dutch" while eating in a restaurant.
3. One day, at a friend's birthday party, I met with a foreign friend and offered my hand, meanwhile he bowed to me. We were both at a loss for a moment, but soon he seemed to be conscious of something and shook my hand naturally.
【写作内容】 1.用约 30 个单词概述上述图文信息的主要内容； 2.列举 1 至 2 个中外文化差异的事例 3.谈谈我们该如何对待文化差异的问题(不少于两点) 【写作要求】 1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句 7 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3.不必写标题 【评分标准】 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
英语试题参考答案与解析 第一部分：听力(每小题1分，满分20 分) 1-5 BACAC 6-10 ACBAC 11-15 BBABC 第二部分(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 21-25 BDACD 26-30 ADDBA 31-35 DBDBA 第二节 完形填空(每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 36-40 DCABC 41-45 BDDAB 46-50 DCBDA 第三部分：阅读理解(每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 56-57 BD 58-60 DCC 61-64 CABA 65-70 DBDBDC
第四部分：任务型阅读(每小题 l 分，满分 l0 分) 71. written 72. complicated/complex 73. communication 74. trend 75. evidencing/proving 76. decreased/declined/fallen/dropped 77. turn/move 78. Conclusion(s)/Summary/Summaries 79. replaced 80. unlikely 第五部分：书面表达(满分 25 分)
Possible version 1 :
The above descriptions and picture show us that cultural differences can be often experienced. People from different countries behave in different ways, for example, interpersonal communication, greetings, and table manners. (30Ws) Frankly speaking, it’s necessary for us to acknowledge cultural differences. For example, it’s polite for a receiver to open the gift upon receiving it abroad while it’s a different story in China. Unlike Chinese, American people care more about personal space when keeping a conversation with others. Personally, we can’t highlight the importance of cultural differences enough. People should accumulate as much information about cultures as possible through reading or the Internet, thus avoiding unintentional offense while in contact with people from different cultures, especially in the era of globalization. What’s more, we should bear in mind that mutual understanding and respect matter in the global village, and enjoy a very “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” mentality. (120Ws）
Possible version 2 :
When traveling, greeting and even taking a party in a different country, we easily feel embarrassed. Obviously there exist cultural differences between countries in interpersonal communication, greetings and table manners. (30) Lots of phenomenon account for cultural differences. For example, Chinese people don’t have the same concept of privacy as Americans do. They talk about topics such as ages or income, which Americans think is annoying. Chinese leave-taking is very short and quick but western people think it’s so abrupt that they haven’t prepared for it. Lacking awareness of cultural differences may cause misunderstanding. People should accumulate enough information about cultures through reading or the Internet, thus avoiding unintentional offense while in contact with people from different cultures, especially in the era of globalization. We should bear in mind that mutual understanding and respect matter in the global village, and enjoy a very “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” mentality. (120Ws）
答案解析 第二部分 单项选择 21. B.本题考查代词。one 表示泛指，指代某一个小镇。 22. D 本题考查比较级。句意：虽然大卫和父母相处有困难，而且还吵架，但是父母依然很爱他。 no less 同样的 23. 答案 A。whose 引导定语从句，在定语从句中作定语，该定语从句的现行词为“tea house”， 该定语从句是倒装句 24.C. 词义辨析。consensus 是“一致意见”的意思。conscience 良心 criterion 标准；contract 合同。句意是与一致意见是那是一次意外事故，甚至家人当中也是这样认为。 25.D 【解析】句意：在家里从电视看足球比赛是一回事，去到现场观看又是另一回事。由于足球是被表 演的，所以需要被动，所以选 D。 26. 答案 A。短语辨析题。in preference to 优选于；in reference with 关于； in process of 在?的过程中； in search of 寻找 27.D. 考查时态.It is?time that?.句型与现在完成时连用。 28. 答案 D。强调句，可还原为 She is really particular about just the hotel to put her up in. 29.B. 考查让步状语从句。As 表示虽然时，引导让步状语时引起倒装。Although\while 表示虽然 时不引起倒装。Since 表示因为、由于、既然的意思。 30.A. 考查主谓一致。强调做表语的形容词时，主谓倒装。the lack of experienced teachers 主 语为单数，动词用 is. 31. D。动词词组辨析 put off “推迟”；leave off “停止”；let off “放出”；kick off “开 始” 32.B【解析】此题考查独立主格用法。release 和前面的名词构成被动关系，表完成，逗号后是一 个句子。 33.D【解析】此题考查混合虚拟语气用法。根据 if 引导的从句中得知应该是对过去的虚拟，故而 选 D。 34. B 本题考查动词辨析。fetch 在此处是“售得”的意思，熟词新意。 35. A。考查习语。 句意： ---如果你表现在不好的话， 他们将开除你。 ---我知道。 我已经看到不祥之兆了。 I can see the handwriting on the wall 我已经看到不祥之兆了。I’m as cool as a cucumber 我很沉着冷 静。It’s a confidential source 来源机密。It’s hard to please all 众口难调。因此选择 A。 完形填空 文本大意：本文讲述了美国 9 岁小姑娘被比特犬咬伤后所表现出来的勇敢、坚强、体贴、同情的心 态，说明一个道理：面对意外的不幸，持积极、乐观的心态是幸福生活的源泉。 解析： 36：D 小语境----前置设置。考查名词。根据第一段 personality 可知。 37：C 大语境----后置设置。考查名词。根据第五段 emergency 可知。 38：A 大语境----后置设置。考查名词。根据第八段 basement 可知。 39：B 情境设置。考查名词。 40：C 情境设置。考查动词（过去分词）。牛津第 7 版 1873 页.sink sth into sth.(把 sth)插入。 The dog sank its teeth into my leg.= The dog bit my leg. 41：B 情境设置。考查动词。contain 为“控制住”的意思。 42：D 情境+常识设置。考查形容词。客人带来一直犬来，爷爷心里有些迟疑，到底让进不让进呢？ 又不好跟客人明说。故填 hesitant。
43：D 情境设置。考查连词。此犬一直表现不错，直到这次。故填 until。 44：A 大语境----前置设置。考查形容词。根据第一段 bravery 可知。 45：B 大语境----前置设置。考查动词（现在分词）。根据第二段 calming her mom down 可知。 46：D 语篇设置。考查连词。前面讲伤势严重，但是万幸没伤到眼睛和耳朵。故填 but。 47：C 情境设置。考查副词。narrowly 意为：“勉强地，刚刚”。 48：B 语境设置。考查动词（词组、过去分词）。torn up 意为：“悲伤，难过”。此题难度大。 49：D 语境设置。考查名词。照应开头第一句。 50：A 语篇设置。考查动词。小姑娘的事迹感动了很多人。 51：A 语境设置. 考查动词. running down 52：D 大语境----前置设置。考查动词。本题简单。 53：A 小语境----后置设置。考查动词（词组）。put down 与下段 die 同义。 54：C 语篇设置。考查名词。 55：B 语篇设置。考查名词。此句是总结出一般道理。故用 positivity 更具概括性。 第三部分 阅读理解 A 全文大意：欧姆龙 HEM-780 的产品介绍，使用建议及保修信息。 56. 选 B。 根据“Do not use a cell phone near the unit, which may result in operational failure.”可知只有在测量高血压是使用手机读数才会受到干扰,但是你的孩子在另一个房间用 手机不会影响你的测量结果， 所以排除 c。 根据原文中“Wait 2-3 minutes between measurements. The wait time allows the arteries (动脉) to return to the condition prior to taking the blood pressure measurement.”来看，指的是一个人的两次 测量之间需要 2-3 分钟的等待时间,所以排除 d。所以选 B。 57. 选 D。原文 WARRANTY INFORMATION 的第一句可知 D 项是保修的。 B 【语篇导读】本文选自百科维基网站，主要介绍了美属萨摩亚的历史、体育、纹身的习俗等。 58.D 细节题。A 叙述中 in the spring of 1830 有错；B 中 claimed by Great Britain in 1920 有错；C .叙述中 Eastern and western Samoa 有错。只有 D 准确，至少有 Germany, Great Britain and the USA 和 New Zealand 四个国家曾占领该国领土。 59. C 作 者 态 度 题 。 从 第 二 段 中 Despite its small population, the island of American Samoa produces disproportionate （不成比例的）a large number of world-class American football players. Samoan Mosi Tatupu was a member of NFL team （全国橄榄球联盟） the New England Patriots. Samoan Troy Polamalu was a member of the NFL team the Pittsburgh Steelers until he retired after the 2014 football season. dignity 尊严 B doubt 怀疑; respect 尊敬; sadness 悲伤。 60 . C 细节题。根据 A woman's tattoo is not quite as wide or heavy.判断 A 错误；根据 a man's tattoo widely covers from mid-back, down the sides, to the knees 判断 B 错误；根据 and often indicate rank and status.判断 D 错误；根据第 4 段中 Traditional Samoan tattoo（纹身）proves the strong ties all the Samoans feel for their culture 和第 5 段中 The process takes days, and is partially accomplished over longer periods, with recovery in between.可知。 C 本文为科普类文章。讲述了自动驾驶的新车会给驾驶座位上的人以虚假的安全感。并指出汽车制 造商应当怎样改进技术才能让用户信任并使用。 61. C。细节理解题。.由第三段中的 The elimination(消除)of distracted driving is a major selling point for the technology. But in the Stanford experiment, reading or watching a movie helped keep participants awake.及 Though research is ongoing, it appears that people
need at least 5 seconds to take over .可知答案。 62.A.词义猜猜题。由第三段中的 automakers pushing for more automation, the car-to-driver 可知答案。 63.B. 由最后一段中的 One riddle automakers must solve: How to get owners to trust the technology so they’ll use it. One riddle automakers must solve: How to get owners to trust the technology so they’ll use it.可知。 64.A.写作意图题。由首段及尾段不难得出结论。 D 【文本解读】本文介绍文学作品 Gone with the wind 的相关信息。 65 D 从第一段倒数第二句“Because it was released in the era of the Great Depression and Mitchell worried the high $3.00 price would ruin its chance for success.”可以看出， 当时美国正处于大萧条时期，所以答案选 D。 A 项，“the top bestseller of all time”混 淆是非。 B 项没提到， 而且从文章看不出来。 C 项错在 “too” 的措辞上， 虽然时处大萧条， Mitchell “担心”3 美元的价格，但是从销量的事实看，3 美元谈不上“too high”,只是一种 Mitchell “担心”而已。 th 66. 答案 B，短语判断题，从短语前面的 African Americans in the 19 century South，及 hands 可转义为“劳动力”可判断出。 67. 答案 D，本题的答案应在文章的三、四两段。在第三段中，文学评论家 Patrician Yaeher 认为 小说作者将美国黑人描述为 as creatures of small intelligence 并说作者 blind to racial oppression ?.；第四段开始文章用 Yet 转折，说明 there are complexities in the way that Mitchell dealth with racial issues, 并引证了另一位文学评论家 David O’Connell 的言 论 “African Americans and Irish Americans are treated ‘in precisely the same way’”, 故应选 D。读 3、4 两段，可知 A、B、C 并没有表述。 68. 答案 B，本题细节题，从第五段的 Students should be told that Gone with the Wind presents the wrong view of slavery?.. 及 In the same complaint were several other books: The Nigger of the ‘Narcissus’, Uncle Tom’s Cabin?可知应选 B 从第 5 段可知 James Loewen 并没有高度赞扬美国历史教科书，因此 A 项错误。C 项的表述是 racial slur “nigger”是一 种写作技巧， 是错误的， 因为从第 4 段最后 4 行可以看出 Ethnic slurs(种族蔑称) on the Irish and Irish stereotypes spread in every part of the novel, O’Connell claims, and Scarlett is not an exception to the insults。从第 5 段第 2 句 Students should be told that Gone with the Wind presents the wrong view of slavery 可以看出，D 项的表述是错误的。 69. D 本题是推理判断题，从文章最后一段的 Another criticism of the novel is that it promotes plantation values. Mitchel biographer Marianne Walker, author of Margaret of Mitchell & John Marsh: The Love Story Behind Gone with the Win, is the opinion that those who believe Gone with the Wind promotes plantation values have not read the book.’, 说 明电影没有十分忠实于原文。B 项不是推断出来的，出自最后一段中的原句“Walker states it is the popular 1939 film that ‘promotes a false notion of the Old South”。从 Perhaps the most enduring legacy(遗产) of Gone with the Wind is that people worldwide would incorrectly think it was the true story of the Old South 可知 C 是错的。 70. 答案选 C。通读全文，梳理各个评论家对小说的不同评价，可选出 C。 第四部分 任务型阅读 本文是一篇论说文，探讨了电子邮件是否会消亡的问题。通过分析，我们知道电子邮件是不太可能 会完全从这个世界舞台退出。 71. written 第 2 段第一行原词。 72. complicated/complex 根据第 2 段 3-4 行内容进行归纳可以得出答案。
73. communication 由第 2 段的倒数第 2 句话可知。 74. trend 第 4 段第一句话原词。 75. evidencing/proving 第 4 段第一句话的 evidence 转换而来。 76. decreased/declined/fallen/dropped 根据第1段最后两句 on the decline和has dropped 归 纳所得。 77. turn/move 根据第 3 段内容转换而来。 78. Conclusion(s)/Summary/Summaries 根据文章归纳得出答案。 79. replaced 最后一段最后一句话的 replaces 进行词形转换而来。 80. unlikely 根据第 7 段的第一句话和第 8 段的第一句话转换而来。 第五部分：书面表达 书面表达评分建议 一、评分原则 本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 评分时，可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调 整档次，最后给分。 1. 词数少于 130 和多于 170 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 2. 评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯 性及语言的得体性。 3. 拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英美拼 写及词汇用法均可接受。 4. 如字迹难以辨认，以致影响表达，将分数降低一个档次。 5. 内容要点可用不同方式表达，对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。 二、评分要点 1. 用约 30 个单词概述上述图文信息的主要内容；（ 7 分）如果没有出现中心词 cultural difference 不得超过 4 分； 2. 列举 1 至 2 个中外文化差异的事例；（7 分）少一个事例扣 3 分。 3. 谈谈我们该如何正确对待文化差异的问题（不少于两点）。（8 分）每一点 4 分。 4. 卷面 3 分。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 覆盖所有内容要点。 ? 语法结构和词汇有个别小错误， 但为尽量使用较复杂结构或较高 级词汇所致；具备较强的语言运用能力。 （很好） ? 有效地使用了衔接手段，全文结构紧凑，内容连贯。 （21—25 分） 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第五档 完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 虽漏掉一、二个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ? 语法结构和词汇方面应用基本准确， 少许错误主要是因为尝试较 （好） 复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 （16—20 分） ? 应用简单的语句间的衔接手段，全文结构紧凑，内容较连贯。 第四档 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档 基本完成了试题规定的任务。
（中等） （11—15 分）
? ? ? ?
虽漏掉一些内容，但基本覆盖主要内容。 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 应用简单的衔接手段，内容基本连贯。
整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ? 漏掉或未清楚描述某些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ? 语法结构单一，所用词汇有限。 ? 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对所写内容的理解。 ? 较少使用衔接手段，内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档 未完成试题规定的任务。 ? 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ? 语法结构单一，所用词汇不当。 ? 有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响内容理解。 ? 缺乏语句间的衔接手段，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 0分 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；所写内容均与试题要求 内容无关或无法看清。
（较差） （6—10 分）
（差） （1—5 分）
附：录音材料 (Text 1) W: I’m hungry. Do you have anything to eat besides bread? M: Not really. I usually just go out for meals. There’s a great café around the corner that has really good soups and salads. We could go there if you want. W: Lead the way! (Text 2) W: Excuse me. Can I have change for a dollar, please? M: Sorry, but I can only give you change if you buy something. W: But I only have a dollar on me, and all I need is four quarters. M: Sorry, but I don’t make the rules. (Text 3) W: Dude, what were you thinking? Mom and dad are super mad at you! M: I know, it’s just... I thought that I could get away with it. W: Skipping school to go to a baseball game sounds fun and all, but didn’t you know that the school calls the parents whenever their kids miss class? M: Well, I know that now! (Text 4) W: I thought the actor who played the role of Julius Caesar was yery good. M: I agree, but I thought the actress did a terrible job. (Text 5) W: Don’t you think Mary will make a good teacher? M: Not really. Can you imagine how students would respond to her inability to express her ideas clearly?
(Text 6) M: Hey, that’s a nice family photo. W: Thanks! My sister took it when we went to Spain with our parents last year for vacation. M: No wonder you look so relaxed! And your mom looks so young! W: I’ll tell her you said that! That was the first time she had been to the beach in a few years. M: Why is that? W: Well, we thought she had skin cancer for a while. She went to the doctor and had some tests done, but they couldn’t figure out what it was. Finally, she went to Australia with my dad, and they saw a specialist there. M: What did they find out? W: It turned out to be a kind of skin disease, but not cancer, and nothing to do with being in the sun. I think my mom was the happiest she’s ever been after that. Swimming in the ocean is my mom’s favorite thing to do in the world. (Text 7) M: Hi, Mary. Do you want to start writing the lab report after we finish this experiment? W: I can’t! I actually need to leave early because I’m going over to the psychology department. I’m meeting Professor Sogard about a job opening. M: What? Like a job on campus or something? W: Yeah. And it sounds pretty interesting. It’s all about how people study... you know, what kind of learning style they prefer. So, for example, some people learn best by looking at something, while others learn best by hearing or touching. M: Yeah, that sounds like it’d be perfect for you. You’ve actually done a lot of work in that area. So now, the big question: are you getting paid for this? W: I’m sure we’ll get a little something, but probably not much. Anyway, it doesn’t matter to me. The most important thing is to get some experience, you know? M: Yeah. And it’ll be nice to help those high school students, too. W: That’s what I thought when I saw the ad. But you know what? You could do it, too. (Text 8) M: I hate waiting in the airport like this. They never seem to be able to get the planes running on time, do they? W: Well, most planes are on time, I think. Whenever they are delayed, it’s part of traveling by air. What makes me mad is that they never tell you why the planes are delayed. It’s not knowing what’s going on that kills me. M: Yeah! If they could at least be honest with us, everything would be fine. And don’t you think that the airlines should at least get everyone a free meal? W: Well, I’d certainly love for that to happen, but in this day and age, I don’t see them doing something like that for hundreds of people. (Text 9) W: Good morning, sir. What can I do for you? M: Good morning. I need some advice. My nephew and I think it’s time for us to figure out where we should go for our summer vacation abroad. It’s nearly March, but we just can’t decide where to go. W: How about the east of Germany? Oh, but there have been some serious forest fires there
this year. What about Switzerland? You could spend your vacation doing some hiking. M: Hmm. Well, uh.. .are there any other choices? W: Uh... What about an ocean voyage? Oh, the ships these days are unbelievable! They have everything! You could go to Greece or Turkey, or... M: Well, it sounds fun, but the rich food in those countries always upsets my stomach. I’d rather go somewhere else. W: All right. What about going to Spain on a package deal? A lot of people do that now. You fly there and stay in a modern hotel. With these types of deals, you don’t have as many things to plan, they are fairly cheap, and they’re very popular with young people. M: Actually, my nephew is hoping to go to France—he’s learning French at school. He would love to go to a quiet place where he could just hang out and meet the locals. W: Aha, I’ve got it! How about going camping in France? M: That sounds great! Do I have a detailed schedule? (Text 10) Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to our sports center. Here, between 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., you can enjoy a number of different sporting activities. The outdoor tennis courts are open all day, and the running track is used for various forms of athletics, also all day. Most visitors, of course, come to use our Olympic-sized swimming pool. The hours for swimming are 9:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. You can also play basketball in the gym between one and five, or do fitness training in the evening between five o’clock and half past seven. The café is open all day for snacks and non-alcoholic drinks. Finally, we have a shop that sells books and sports equipment. The opening hours are nine to five, but it closes for lunch between twelve and one. That’s all about our sports center. Are there any questions? No? Now, I’d like to walk with you around the center and show you what we have here.