高一暑期自主学习能力测试（摸底考试）英语试题 第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题； 每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该选项 标号涂黑。 1. You’d better ______ your score and see if you have passed the exam. A. add up to B. add to C. add up D. add 2. Try to ______ the children down. They ’re too excited. A. put B. calm C. pull D. push 3. She was greatly ______ when she heard the bad news. A. happy B. grateful C. upset D. active 4. My sister _______ the League last month and she has decided to ______ the activity to help the aged next week. A. joined; join in B. took part in; join B. joined; attend D. joined in; join in 5. “ Have you seen the film?” he asked me. → He asked me ______ . A. had I seen the film B. have I seen the film B. if I have seen the film D. whether I had seen the film 6. During the ________ , they enjoyed the beauty of the sea. A. voyage B. travel C. trip D. journey 7. --- Oh, it’s you! I didn’t ________ you. --- I’ve just had my hair cut, and I’m wearing dark glasses. A. recognize B. realize C. notice D. know 8. --- Do you like watching soccer game? --- ______ ? I don’t quite follow you. A. Pardon B. What ’s wrong C. What ’s up D. Why not 9. --- How long have you worked here? --- _______ I was 23 years old. A. When B. Until C. Ever since D. Before 10. Rather than ______ on a crowded bus, he always prefers _______ a bicycle. A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride: to ride D. to ride; riding 11. Standing on the top of the hill, you can get a better ______ of the city. A. scene B. scenery C. sight D. view 12. When they knew there was a panda in the zoo, the children could ______ wait to see it. A. almost B. nearly C. hard D. hardly 13. --- When will they leave? --- They ______ very soon. The new term ______ on September 1st. A. do leave; begins B. are leaving; begins C. have left; will begin D. leave; is beginning 14. --- What is it that makes you so _______ ? --- The ______ news that two passenger planes crashed on the same day. A. shocking; shocking B. shocked; shocked C. shocked; shocking D. shocking; shocked
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15. It is not right to judge a person ______ the clothes he wears. A. by B. with C. for D. on 16. --- Have you found the mobile phone ______ you lost last week? --- No, but I’ve just bought a new one. A. what B. whom C. whose D. that 17. The naughty boy is always ______ trouble, but now he is really ______ trouble. A. getting; at B. making; in C. asking; on D. putting; in
第二节：完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21—40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 Ever since I was little I loved doing things for other people. As I got older I began doing random ( 随意的 ) things for people. For example, during holidays, such as Christmas, I would make an extra 21 along with the ones for my relatives. Then I would go and find someone in the grocery store and just hand it to them and walk away. It was so much fun. I admit, 22 , the first time I did it I was so 23 . I didn’t know who to give the card to. So I said a little prayer and knew that the 24 person would just appear. About that time an elderly man ran 25 me with his shopping cart. It was an accident, and he 26 a million times. We smiled and he walked away, and I knew that he was the one. Later I found him in a different isle(过道), handed him the card, and smiled. I said Happy Holidays, and then walked away. It was so great, and the 27 I had afterwards was unexplainable. Then one day I came across your website (the coolest website ever) and 28 some Smile Cards. When they came in, I started a new project. When I go into a store, I locate a person who I think needs a 29 . Then, I buy a flower, a carnation, to be exact, and 30 it in the most beautiful paper they have. I tie lots of ribbons on it to make it 31 , and then slip the smile card into an envelope and 32 it to the flower. After that, I pay for it and explain to the cashier 33 it is to go to (I live in a pretty small town so it’s easy to get the help of the cashiers). They then give it to that person when they come through. Once in a while I’ll buy the flower and then just leave it for the cashier. That gets smiles. My favorite time was when I picked out this elderly woman who was walking around the 34 somewhat confused. I had come across her numerous times and she only smiled slightly once. When she came to the check out (I was watching from outside) her face 35 and the smile was the biggest I had ever seen. Later that week the cashier whom I had had 36 me told me that the lady had been so surprised and while she was walking out with the grocery bag to her car, she was planning what she was going to do for someone else. It was amazing. I absolutely love the random acts of kindness cards. I 37 at least two in my purse and others in my car, locker and everywhere I go. As I mentioned, my club, STARS, is doing a Random Acts of Kindness Project with the smile cards so they also are using them. I look forward
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to hearing about their success. It’s really great. I 38 used them in school. I bought my entire math class cans of pop after lunch one day. They came in from lunch and a can of pop and a smile card were setting 39 that day. It totally lightened the mood in the class that day 40 we were studying for a test. Thank you for all of the help that you provide. The smile cards are a great program that brings smiles into the lives of many!
第三部分：阅读理解(共 2０小题，满分４０分) 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 （共 1５小题, 每小题２分，满分４０分） A Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members don't know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is quite often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for some ideas. It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among them on the phone. This communication is very important in children's growing up, because friends can discuss something. These things are difficult to say to their family members. However, parents often try to choose their children's friends for them. Some parents even stop their children from meeting their good friends. Have you ever thought of the following questions? Who chooses your friends? Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you? Have you got a good friend your parents don't like?
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41. Many teenagers think that their _____ can understand them better than their parents do. A. friends B. brothers C. sisters D. parents 42. When teenagers have something difficult to say to their parents, they usually _____. A. stay alone at home B. fight with their parents C. discuss it with their friends D. go to their brothers and sisters for help 43. Which of the following is the writer's attitude? A. Parents should choose friends for their children. B. In all families, children should choose everything they like. C. Parents should try their best to understand their children better. D. Teenagers should only go to their friends for help. B New friends. Fresh lifestyle. Better career opportunities...Those are attractions of overseas study for young people in China. Start early, finish strong, some of them say. More than 300 universities from 27 countries and regions were represented at last weekend's international education exposition (展览).
The US has always been on the top destination list for Chinese students, with its high education standards and enough scholarship. Good news:It's easier to get a US student visa (签证) nowadays. Last year, the refusal rate was only 20 to 30 per cent, much lower than a few years before, according to US Embassy. Concerns: There're a lot to prepare. The TOFEL, GRE... It's longer time to apply to US universities than schools in the UK or Australia. Useful link: www. Usembassychina.org. cn
Easier access to visas and international environment are the UK's great attractions for Chinese students. Good news: There are many new scholarships this year, both from the government and universities, such as the Scotland International Scholarship. Concerns: Money. Money. Money. It's expensive to study in the UK, with an average cost of 200,000 to 300,000 Yuan a year. Useful link: www. educationuk.org. cn
Canada's multicultural environment is good for students' studies and careers. Good news: Students are allowed to take off-campus part-time jobs during their studies from last year. It'll help pay living expenses. Students can get two-year work permits after graduation. Concerns: Only a limited number of
Good climate, high quality education, favourable immigration (移民) policy: these make Australia one of the most popular choices among Chinese students. Good news: A new E-visa policy ensure a quick application process ( four weeks compared with 12 weeks before ) Concerns: Tuition fees (学费) have risen in
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scholarships are available. They rarely cover the full cost of a study programme. Useful link: www. Studycanada. cn
past years. The total cost is about 200,000 yuan to attend a university located in big cities like Sydney or Melbourne. Useful link: www. Students. idp. com
44. If you want to have more chances of getting scholarship（奖学金） to study in a foreign country, you’d better choose________. A. Canada B. the UK C. the US D. Australia 45. Many young people go to study in the US because________. A. it is not very difficult for them to get a student visa B. it is easier for them to pass the TOFEL or GRE C. they don’t spend much time applying to US universities D. they think they can receive good university education 46. In which of the following countries may money be the most concern while studying abroad? A. The US & the UK B. The UK & Canada C. The UK & Australia D. Canada & the US 47. The passage is intended（打算；想要） to give _______. A. information for foreign study B. advice on job seeking C. suggestions on traveling abroad D. tips on getting visas C The right to pursue happiness is issued to us all with our birth, but no one seems quite sure what it is. A holy man in India may think that happiness is in himself. It is in needing nothing from outside himself. In wanting nothing, he lacks nothing. We westerners, however, are taught that the more we have from outside ourselves, the happier we will be, and then we are made to want. We are even told it is our duty to want. Advertising, one of our major industries, exists not to satisfy these desires but to create them--and to create them faster than any man's money in his pocket can satisfy them. Here, obviously someone is trying to buy the dream of happiness and spending millions upon millions every year in the attempt. Clearly the happiness-market is not running out of customers. I doubt the holy man's idea of happiness, and I doubt the dreams of the happiness-market, too. Whatever happiness may be, I believe, it is neither in having nothing nor in having more, but in changing--in changing the world and mankind into pure states. To change is to make efforts to deal with difficulties. As Yeats, a great Irish poet once put it, happiness we get for a lifetime depends on how high we choose our difficulties. Robert Frost, a great American poet, was thinking in almost the stone terms when he spoke of "the pleasure of taking pains." It is easy to understand. We even demand difficulty for the fun in our games. We demand it because without difficulty there can be no game. And a game is a way of making something hard for the fun of it. The rules of the game are man-made difficulties. When the player ruins the fun, he always does so by refusing to play by the roles. It is easier to win at chess if you are free, at your pleasure, to cast away all the rules, but the fun is in winning within the rules. The same is true to happiness. The buyers and sellers at the happiness-market seem to have
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lost their sense of the pleasure of difficulty. Heaven knows what they are playing, but it seems a dull game. And the Indian holy man seems dull to us, I suppose, because he seems to be refusing to play anything at all. The western weakness may be in the dreams that happiness can be bought while the eastern weakness may be in the idea that there is such a thing as perfect happiness in man himself. Both of them forget a basic fact: no difficulty, no happiness. 48. Who shares the same idea of happiness with the author.? A. The Indian holy man. B. The great Irish poet Yeats. C. Advertisers. D. The buyers and sellers at the happiness-market.
Ｄ We recently read a report on China’s environmental problems, based on reports from Singapore’s Straits Times. There was one statistic that shocked us. Environmental experts claim that without some great change, pollution might, within five years, make the Yangtze River just about unsuitable for all forms of life to live in. The baiji, or the Yangtze River dolphin, was only the latest victim. According to the first report, in the 1980s there were 126 forms of life in the river, and by 2002, that figure was already down to 52. Just how bad is the situation? The Yangtze River flows by 186 cities on its way from Qinghai to Shanghai, and in the process picks up 40% of China’s polluted waste water. According to another report, in 2006, China produced a total of 53.7 billion tons of waste water. But that’s not the worst news. By 2030, China might possibly use up between 89-100% of its sources of drinking water. All of this begs a deeper question: What kind of water are they using when they pump 10 kilos of water into pigs headed for the slaughterhouse(屠宰场)? This is an important question because if its waste water is not fit for human to drink, there’s a chance that some of whatever was in that water was in the pork you had for lunch today. And if the water is safe to drink, that’s a waste of perfectly good water. Another report we read, related to the Taihu algae(水藻) blooming that has left 3 million people in the Wuxi area without drinking water, claims(quite believably) that Taihu’s
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environmental problems will never end until all the factories along the lake close down. The algae bloom is so bad there that lots of people have to take the algae out of the lake all day long instead of fishing. 52. From the first paragraph we learn that__________. A. this passage is taken from Singapore’s Straits Times B. over 70 species of life disappeared from the Yangtze River in about 20 years C. there were only 52Yangtze River dolphins left in the river in 2002 D. you will see no life in the Yangtze River in the coming five years or so 53. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Yangtze River according to the passage? A. It goes by 186 cities on its way from the source to the sea. B. Lots of waste water in the country is poured into the river. C. The baiji in the river is now in danger of extinction. D. We can hardly see any forms of life in the river now. 54. Which of the following problems is the most important according to the passage? A. There is no clean water to pump into pigs which are to be slaughtered. B. A large amount of waste water is produced every year in China. C. The sources of drinking water might be almost used up in the future. D. There are poisonous things in the pork that people eat. 55. It can be concluded from the last paragraph that___________. A. the factories along the lake have contributed to the pollution B. fishermen have taken up the job of cleaning the lake. C. all the factories in Wuxi have been shut down to protect the lake. D. many people are sent to the lake to help protect the algae. 第二节 任务型阅读（共 5 小题, 每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） Some traveling agencies introduce five new touring activities. After the description of each activity, there are six people A-F. Decide which person would like to choose the most suitable activity mentioned in 77-81 and then mark the correct letter (A-F) on your answer sheet. There is one paragraph about the descriptions of the person which you do not need to use. _____56．Rock Climbing Held in the fantastic Eastern Sierra on world class rock! This full 4-day course is for people who are fond of climbing. This course is designed for beginners and is conducted in small groups of 2-6 people. Food and drinks are not supplied or included. All climbing equipment is included and provided upon request, as well as tents, sleeping bags, and ground pads. ______57．The World Outdoors Experience the splendid beauty of Alaska as you lose yourselves in a land of crystal glaciers, endless coastline, and plentiful wildlife. Exploring this rocky wilderness by land, air and water, we can bike along lakes, hike through meadows and fly into the heart of Wrangell — St. Elias National Park. ______58．Alaska Expeditions Spend an entire week sea boating with your team members in Prince William Sound, travel deep in Alaska backcountry after being dropped off in the middle of nowhere (偏远
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地方), often with no opportunity to "be helped out" or get a shower and learn to climb in the high mountains. ______59．Extreme Week 7 days, 6 nights. These exciting, as well as tough trips have the most challenge and variety, packed into one week. You'll climb mountains, row boats and learn to ice climb from Prince William Sound to the Talkeetna Mountains. It’s no wonder that this is our most popular package. The new extreme event adds a day of white water rafting for even more excitement; of course you have to be healthy. ______60．"Alaska Exposed" Tours Our "Exposed " series of tours offer you the opportunity to experience the wilds of Alaska, with a few more comforts thrown in — occasional nights in a warm bed, established campgrounds, hot showers and meals out. If you’re new to adventure travel, prefer a less challenging journey or just want to "rough it" a little bit less, these trips are for you. A. Laurel wants all extended time away from modern conveniences. He hopes to enjoy impressive scenery, an unforgettable experience in the wild, the opportunity to learn the hard and soft skills needed for "expedition life” and the companionship of spending an extended period of time in the undeveloped areas with a small team. B. John is an athlete, relatively fit and mentally tough. He has got an eight-day vacation from his job. He is eager to meet the challenges to play hard during his holiday. C. Susan has just graduated from college and is to work in a company in half a month. Before she takes up her job, she decides to go on touring the state in which she can enjoy the most of nature by means of walking, boating, cycling and even flying. D. Edward wants to take a trip that includes day hiking in brilliant mountainous areas, looking for wild life, such as walking, on a glacier and white water rafting. Meanwhile he hopes the trip won’t tire him too much. Besides, he wishes to have a good rest at night in a comfortable place. E. Stone Hug is seeking to learn, practice and focus on the fundamentals of rock climbing. He likes to camp with a few of his schoolmates at a pre-arranged area. He dreams of picnicking in the open air while traveling. F. Patrick is a college student that studies animals. He plans to hike through the rainforest to natural hot pools surrounded by mountain peaks in Westland NP, watching native birds feeding in the shallows as well as watching dolphins while walking along beaches. 第三部分：语言结构（共 10 小题，满分 5 分） 61. I am not quite __________ these days. (代词； “不舒服”) 62. This accident took place in the _________ . (数词； “20 世纪 30 年代”) 63. Bob never does his homework as _________ as Mary. He makes lots of mistakes. (形容词或 副词； “认真”) 64. I feel ________ that we are losing our way. (形容词或副词；“强烈”) 65. We _____________ (hope) that you would come, but you didn’t. (时态； “原本希望”) 66. We often hear him __________ (play) the guitar. (动词正确形式) 67. The rule needs ___________ with great care. (动词的正确形式； “解释”) 68. It was a ___________ experience for him. (“令人害怕的”)
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69. This is the best book __________ I have read this year. (关系代词) 70. It must have rained last night, __________ the ground is wet. (因果关系连词) 第四部分:写作 (共两节, 满分 25 分) 第一节：短文改错。 （共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 When I was a child, I went on camping with my family one summer. We decided to make a barbecue in a valley where lay in a beautiful mountain. So we collected some tree sticks to make the fire. My father ask me if I could try to make a fire. I was happier to take the job. Then I tried to set fire to the wood with a match, and produced only smoke. Then my father said, “That’s the right way. I’ll show you how to do it. First use the small piece of wood because they catch fire easy. Then put the larger ones on the top of them.” My father helped him make a big fire.
第三节：作文（共 1 题，满分 15 分） 中秋节即将来临，请以“The Mid-Autumn Festival”为题写—篇文章。 该文章必须包括以下内容： 1．中秋节有哪些传统活动； 2．每年中秋节你和你的家人一般有什么家庭活动； 3．你有什么打算让今年的中秋节过得更有意义。 注意： 1．文章应包括以上所有信息，要有适当发挥。 2．词数：100-120 左右。标题已给出，不计入词数。 The Mid-Autumn Festival ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
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嘉兴一中 2014 学年第一学期英语学科自主学习能力测试答案
命题人：刘丽华 马皓 审题人：余智琴
第二节：作文（共 1 题，满分 15 分）
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