2015-2016学年辽宁省葫芦岛市第一高级中学高一上学期期中考试英语试题


2015-2016 学年辽宁省葫芦岛市第一高级中学高一上学期期中考试

英语试题
命题人:樊万胜 校对人:李琨 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项 (A) Whether you rely on your bike for transportation or exercise, you’ll enjoy these fun facts on this two-wheeled vehicle. In 1817, Karl von Drais, a German baron, invented a horseless carriage that would help him get around faster. The two-wheeled, pedalless device moved by pushing your feet against the ground. The machine became known as the “draisine”, and led to the creation of the modern-day bicycle. The term “bicycle” was not introduced until the 1860s, when it was coined in France to describe a new kind of two-wheeler with a mechanical drive. Orville and Wilbur Wright, the brothers who built the first flying airplane, operated a small bike repair shop in Dayton, Ohio. They used their workshop to build the 1903 Wright Flyer. Fred A. Birchmore, 25, circled the globe by bicycle in 1935. The entire trip, through Europe, Asia, and the United States, covered 40,000 miles. He pedaled about 25,000 miles. The rest was traveled by boat. He wore out seven sets of tires. In the 1980s, bicycle delivery services developed into an important industry, especially in cities, where the couriers(快递员) earned a reputation for their high speed and traffic-weaving skills. Americans use their bicycles for less than one percent of all urban trips. Europeans bike in cities a lot more often---in Italy 5 percent of all trips are on bicycle, 30 percent in the Netherlands, and 7 out of 8 Dutch people over age 15 have a bike. The Tour de France is one of the most famous bicycle races in the world. Established in 1903, it is considered to be the biggest test of endurance out of all sports. Lance Armstrong, an American cyclist, is the only rider to have won 7 titles after surviving cancer. 21. The underlined word “coined” in the second paragraph can be replaced by __________. A. bought B. discovered C. printed D. created 22. Who made the most important contribution to the bike? A. Karl von Drais. B. The Wright brothers

C. Fred A. Birchmore. D. Lance Armstrong. 23. The couriers in the 1980s in the cities preferred the bike because it was __________.
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A. beautiful and produced no noise B. a symbol of fashion and wealth C. cheap and could be moved about easily D. fast and rarely affected by traffic conditions (B) Monkeys are very similar to us in many ways. Most have ten fingers and ten toes, and brains much like ours. In fact, Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution says that monkey and humans share a common ancestor. We enjoy watching them because they often act like us, and we also love to use many expressions about monkeys in almost every language. This is why many monkey expressions are about tricky people or playful acts. Monkeyshine is one of the expressions to show tricks or foolish acts. The meaning is clear if you have ever watched a group of monkeys playfully chasing each other: pulling tails, stealing food, doing tricks. Monkeying around with something means that you do not know what you are doing. When you feel like doing something but have no firm idea of what to do, you are monkeying around. It is just a way to pass the time. Monkey business usually means secret, maybe illegal activities. You may come across a new report that there is monkey business involved in building the new airport, with some officials getting secret payments from builders. Monkey suits are common names for clothes or uniforms soldiers wear. In earlier years in many American cities, you would find men playing musical band organs on the street. Dancing to the music would be the man’s small monkey that was dressed in a tight-fitting, colorful jacket similar to a military uniform. So, people began to call a military uniform a monkey suit. 24. Which of the following is NOT true about the similarities between human and monkey? A. Most monkeys have ten fingers and toes. B. Monkeys have the same brains as humans. C. Monkeys often act like humans in many ways. D. Monkeys are humans’ closest relatives in species. 25. According to the passage, an idle wander on the street can be described as______. A. monkeyshine B. monkeying around C. a monkey suit D. monkey business 26. Monkey suits are commonly used to call military uniforms because they ______. A. are created particularly for soldiers’ uniforms. B. are originally designed for American soldiers. C. share typical features with military uniforms. D. make American soldiers look like monkeys. 27. Most monkey expressions are ______. A. used only in western cultures. B. used on some formal occasions.
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C. about tricks and naughtiness. D. about terrible funny behaviors. (C) The decisions that we make shape us throughout our lives. No matter what decisions we make, good or bad, each one puts us on a new road in the future. Make a bad decision? No problem. Learn from the decision and make another decision to get on a different path. This is advice that I got from Tony Robbins in his book Awaken the Giant Within. This is a book that I recommend to anyone waiting to develop a fire within to make changes in their life. It helped me to understand how fear of making poor choices was hindering me from becoming the great man who I am today. Now I am not saying that I am a well-known person in any particular circle. But I am the king of my castle working hard and trying to make good decisions in regard to the paths that I have chosen. I am a great man in the eyes of my wife and my children. And that is all the recognition that I need in my lifetime. And I know that my past failures have been the building block that I continue to build my career and self-image in my community that I live in. Ben Lerer, cofounder and CEO of the Thrillist Media Group, is a good example of this. In an article on the Fast Company website, Lerer talks about this very subject. He says, ”I have to make some really tough decisions but finally, I think the best companies are those that can recognize when something isn’t going right, and fix it, instead of just turning a blind eye because it’s easier.” Great people make decisions. When a decision does not have the desired result, make a different decision. It does not get any simpler than that. 28. From Tony Robbins’ book Awaken the Giant Within, the writer knew___. A. making a bad decision is very terrible B. making decisions helps us become a great man C. being afraid to make a bad decision is very natural D. learning from the bad decision can help make a new choice 29. The underlined word“ hindering” can be replaced by ___. A. stopping B. stealing C. preserving D. requiring 30. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. A bad decision has a bad effect on people B. The best company can admit and correct a bad decision C. People should learn how to make a good decision D. Making a decision is much simpler than changing one 31. What could be the best title of the passage? A. Overcome Your Fears B. Take Action C. Make decisions D. Trust Yourself (D) What about the effect of long working hours on your weight? A new paper, written by Joelle Abramowitz, an economist, has some surprising results. She starts out by showing a simple graph: those who work longer are easy to be bigger. That seems interesting, but is not as good as expected. After all, there may be other factors that mean that hardworking people tend to be overweight. So Ms
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Abramowitz uses regressions(回归), which allows her to control a variety of other factors, like income. Her results have a few surprises: those with a college degree are likely to be slimmer(苗条). Rather depressingly, marriage results in women getting thinner, but men fatter. She shows that for workers in “non-strenuous(不繁重的)” jobs, like secretarial work and accountancy, ten additional hours spent working per week are connected with an increase in body size index 0.4 for women and 0.2 for men. That translates, on average, into an increase of 2.5 pounds and 1.4 pounds respectively(各自地). Unsurprisingly, for those whose jobs require a bit of physical effort, the effect no longer holds. So why do long hours result in weight gain? Only 20% of American jobs are even mildly stressful, compared to 50% in 1960. In 1960, a tenth of the American workforce was involved in agriculture, but today it’s more like 1%. More time at the desk means less movement. Busy people may have less time to prepare good meals, instead choosing a take-away. ( management consultants, in my experience at least, tend to be rather knowledgeable about fancy restaurants near them). They exercise less. And workaholics sleep less: inadequate shut-eye is associated with weight gain. Women gain more weight than men, Ms abramowitz reasons, because they tend to replace work for health-improving activities like exercise. However, men are pretty sedentary, whether or not they work long hours. So maybe desk-jobbers should include a bit of physicality in the daily hard work. Standing up while working is one choice. 32. What can we know about Joelle Abramowitz’s graph? A. The author thinks it’s puzzling. B. Many people don’t think it’s good. C. It includes many factors on fatness D. It shows people working long put on more weight. 33. What kind of people tends to put on weight according to the passage? A. People who feel depressed. B. People who have college degrees. C. People who work on secretarial work. D.people who often eat in fancy restaurants 34.Compared to the past, _____. A. Americans are fatter because of lack of exercise B. Americans are fatter because of improvement of life C. Americans become fatter because of less stressful work D. Americans men are more likely to put on weight than women. 35. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “sedentary” in paragraph 5? A.Hard-working. B. Inactive C. Thoughtful D. Changeable 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两 项为多余选项。 Nowadays, many people love to travel. It is very common for people to go on a trip at any time. 36 Perhaps, the reason for its present popularity is that more
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people have come to realize the benefits of traveling. Traveling provides a good many opportunities for fun, adventure and discovery. When we visit other countries, we gain a better understanding of the people living there. We learn their cultures, history and background. We discover the similarities they have with us. 37 It is interesting to learn from people with different backgrounds. Traveling helps to enrich our lives. 38 When we visit interesting places, we discover and learn many things. We discover new people, surroundings, plants and animals. If we want to make our travel more exciting and challenging, we can plan our own tour and select the specific places we want to visit. Traveling is refreshing. It is a psychological necessity, especially for people who have stressful jobs. 39 Staying at home during the weekend is not enough to make some people feel relaxed. 40 It helps them to handle the stress they experience at work better. After the break, they feel more energetic in their work. For many working adults, regular getaways help them keep their energy and enthusiasm they require for their work. Without these breaks, they may suffer from work burnout. A. Years of hard work finally pay off. B. We also get to know their differences from us. C. It increases our knowledge and widens our vision. D. Some even consider traveling as part of their lifestyle. E. In today’s society, many people suffer great stress at work. F. Taking periodic (定期的) trips produces better results for them. G. It is indeed a joyful thing to share the experience of a special trip with others. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项。 My grandmother was always encouraging me to set goals and work hard to achieve them. She would tell me not to be a follower and not to set 41 on what I could achieve. She 42 believed that there were no limits that you could 43 whatever you wanted. I would never forget the following story that she once told me: A farmer won first 44 at the country fair for his huge radish (小萝卜) that was the exact shape and 45 of a milk bottle.Many were 46 as to how the farmer was able to grow this radish that was the exact shape of a milk bottle. 47 one gentleman went up to the farmer and asked the question. The farmer replied, “ It was 48 . I got the seed growing and then I put it into the milk bottle. It had 49 else to go.” You can use this story as an analogy (比喻) to life-our lives are 50 by the kind of surroundings we place ourselves in, the people that we allow to 51 us, and the goals we give ourselves. If we only 52 and take no action, then we get no further. But if we 53 , set a goal and take action, then our life takes a 54 shape.

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Goals and actions can help us accomplish more in a year than what some people will accomplish in a lifetime. To prove this 55 , read the biographies of 56 people and you will see that goals and actions 57 played a big role in their success. Remember the 58 of Mary Kay Ash, who said, “Don’t limit yourself. Many people limit themselves to what they think they can do. You can go 59 your mind lets you. Whatever you believe, remember, you can achieve.” In summary, don’t put yourself in a bottle; in other words, move out of what is 60 and secure if you want to move forward. 41. A. expectations B. rules C. limits D. lines 42. A. truly B. naturally C. tightly D. partly 43. A. win B. grasp C. realize D. achieve 44. A. remark B. prize C. position D. award 45. A. size B. length C. weight D. height 46. A. doubtful B. worried C. anxious D. curious 47. A. Immediately B. Gradually C. Finally D. Actually 48. A. strange B. easy C. funny D. secret 49. A. nowhere B. everywhere C. somewhere D. anywhere 50. A. shaped B. formed C. controlled D. improved 51. A. understand B. help C. influence D. contact 52. A. dream B. refuse C. doubt D. change 53. A. struggle B. insist C. continue D. plan 54. A. beautiful B. different C. solid D. clear 55. A. theory B. lesson C. point D. evidence 56. A. successful B. brave C. friendly D. careful 57. A. as usual B. above all C. at all D. in fact 58. A. example B. wisdom C. statement D. speech 59. A. as if B. in case C. as far as D. as long as 60. A. comfortable B. valuable C. ordinary D. boring 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my friends who had been there before said ____61____ was a wonderful holiday destination. Before we went, we had planned for months, when the day came, we were ready. After our plane landed, we went to the hotel. We had made our reservation six months ____62____(early), but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake. We____63____(tell) that our rooms hadn’t been reserved for that week, ____64____ for the week after. I didn’t understand ____65____ this would happen and my credit card had already been charged ____66____ the reservation. What’s worse, the hotel had been fully booked. When we were wondering what to do, the manager came out. She was ____67____(surprise) helpful. She apologized for the
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mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on ____68____ top floor. We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren’t charged extra. The next day, my brother and I went to the beach ____69____ we watched some people play volleyball. We got a little ____70____(sunburn), but the day had been so relaxing that we didn’t mind. 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 One day, on my way home after school, I found out a bag lying on the road, I picked it up. There was many money and a business card in the bag. From the card I know something about an owner, including her phone number. I realized I could get in touch the owner. So I called the owner, telling her about the matter. Then I waited at the bus stop. It was not long after the owner arrived, and I gave the bag to her. So exciting and thankful to me was the owner that she took out some money to reward me, and I politely refused it. Then I walked back home, felt very happy and pride. 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 实现有效沟通,建立良好人际关系,不仅要善于言表,更要学会倾听。请你根据 下表中所提供的信息,写一篇题为“Being a Good Listener”的英文讲演稿。 为何倾听 谁来倾听 表示尊重,增进理解,建立良好的人际关系 家长倾听孩子 老师倾听学生 同学相互倾听 怎样倾听 理解孩子,消除代沟...... 了解学生,满足需求...... 增进友谊,互帮互助......

(请考生联系自己拟定内容,列举两至三点。 )

注意: 1. 对所给要点,逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。 2. 词数 100 左右。开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总数。 3. 讲演稿中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。 Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Being a Good Listener”.

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_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________ Thank you for your listening!

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2015-2016 上学期期中考试高一英语试题答案
阅读理解 (A)21-23 DAD (C)28-31 DABC 七选五:36-40: DBCEF (B)24-27 BBCC (D) 32-35: DCAB

完形填空:41-45 CADBA 46-50 DCBAA 51-55 CADBC 56-60 ADBCA
语法填空

61.it 66. for

62.earlier 67. surprisingly

63.were told 64.but 65.why/how 68. the 69. where 70. sunburned/sunburnt

改错答案: 1. 去掉 out. 2. many----much 3.know---knew 4. an--- the 5.get in touch with the owner 6. after---before 7. exciting---excited 8. and----but 9.felt-feeling 10. pride---proud. 例文 Good afternoon everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Being a Good Listener”. Good listening can always show respect, promote understanding, and improve interpersonal relationship. Many people suggest that parents should listen more to their children, so they will understand them better, and find it easy to narrow the generation gap: teacher should listen more to their students, then they can meet their needs better , and place themselves in a good relationship with their students; students should listen more to their classmates, thus they will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to be formed. What I want to stress is that each of us should listen more to others. Show your respect and never stop others till they finish their talk; Show you are interested by a supportive silence or a knowing smile; be open-minded to different opinions even though you don’t like them. In a word, good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other. Thank you for your listening!

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