初中英语感叹句专项练习与答案


译文:我正在一家饭馆吃饭,托尼.斯蒂尔走了进来。托尼曾在一家律师事务所工作,而现 在正在一家银行上班。他的薪水很高,但他却总是向朋友借钱,并且从来不还。托尼看见了 我,就走过来和我坐到一张桌子前。他从未向我借过钱。当他吃饭时,我提出向他借 20 英 镑。令我惊奇的是,他立刻把钱给了我。 “我还从未向你借过钱, ”托尼说道, “所以现在你 可以替我付饭钱了! ” New words and expressions 生词和短语 turn n. 行为,举止 deserve v. 应得到,值得 lawyer n. 律师 bank n. 银行

salary n. 工资 immediately adv. 立刻 at a restaurant 在一家饭馆 in a lawyer's office 曾在一家律师事务所 pays back 偿还 twenty pounds20 英镑 to my surprise 令我惊奇的 是 pay for 付钱 感叹句专项练习 一、填入适当的词完成下列感叹句。 1).________ difficult homework we had yesterday! 2).________cute dog it is! 3).________ interesting the story is!4).________ bad the weather in England is! 5).________ honest boy Tom is !6).________ tasty smell the cake gave off! 7).________ good time we had on the beach yesterday! 8).________ exciting news you've brought us! 9).________cool your new car is!10).________ scary these tigers are! 二、选择填空。 1. _______ fast the boy ran!A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

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2. _______ well you sing but _______ badly he dances! A. How, how B. What, whatC. How, what D. What, how B. How an C. What D.

3. ________ delicious the soup is! I’d like some more.A. How What an

4. ___ fools they were! They believed what the man said. A. How B. How an C What D. What an 5. _______ foolish they were! They believed what the man said. A. How B. How an C. What D. What an

6.___ difficult questions they are! I can’t answer them.A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 7. I miss my friend very much. _____ I want to see her!A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 8. _______ lovely weather we are having these days!A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 9. _______ beautiful your new dress is!A. How B. How an C. What D. What an 10. _______ interesting work it is to teach children! A. How B. How anC. What D. What an 三、所给句子填空,使填空句变为相应的感叹句: 1. The boy swam very fast.(同义句)_______ _______ the boy swam! 2. The school trip is very exciting. (同义句)_____ ______ the school trip is! 3. Hei Longjiang looks very beautiful in winter. (同义句)___ ___ Hei Longjiang looks in winter!

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4. It is a very useful dictionary. (同义句)_______ _______ _______ dictionary it is! _______ _______ _______ dictionary is! 5. The students are listening very carefully. ________ ________ the students are listening! love doing sth. 事 喜欢做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 ike doing sth.喜欢做某

prefer doing sth.

喜欢做某事 be fond of doing sth. 喜欢做某事

have fun doing sth. 喜欢做某 be interested in doing sth. 对……感兴趣 pleased / nice /glad to do sth. 很高兴做某事 learn a lot about 学很多关于 learn sth.from… 从….学到 used to listen to music 过去常听音乐 report sth. to sb.向某人汇报

used to do sth. 过去常做某事 listen to sb. /sth.听某人说,听…

pop/rock music 流行乐 /摇滚乐 read novels 看小说 all the time 一直 know little about …知道一点有关 在某人业余时间

Let’s be friends 让我们成为朋友 in one’s spare /free time go fishing 去钓鱼 It’s great fun. 很有趣

go to the movie theater a lot 常去看电影 play sports=do sports 做运动

go out 出去 go out to do sth.出去做……go out for…为……出去 o out for a walk 出去 散步 do some outdoor activities 做一些户外运动 outdoor activities 户外运动 Sounds good /great 听起来很好 need a change 须改变一下

in front of 在……的前面(在某个范围外的前面)in the front of 在……的前部(在某个范 围内的前面)teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事 teach oneself 自学

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such as+一系列并列的人或物+(and so on) “例如, 像”for example,+一个句子 “例如” keep pets 养宠物 daily work 日常工作/生活 get well 恢复健康

take a bath =have a bath 洗澡 take sb. out for a walk 带某人出去散步 语法学习 1.I used to listen to rock music but now I collect telephone cards and paintings. (Page 53) 我过去常听摇滚乐,可现在我集电话卡和画。 used to do sth. 这一结构表示过去的习惯(过去经常反复发生的动作)或状态(暗含的意 思是现在已不复存在) ,只有一种形式,即过去式,用于所有人称。used to 的否定形式为: used not to do 或 didn’t use to do。疑问句为 Used you to... ? 或 Did you use to...? 如: 1)I used to go to school on foot. 我过去步行上学。 (暗含的意思是:我现在不再步行 上学了。 ) 2)Mary used to sleep late. 玛莉过去总是很晚才睡觉。 (暗含的意思是:玛莉现在睡觉不再那么晚了。 ) 3)I used to walk along the road after supper.我过去常常在晚饭后沿着这条马路散步。 4)He used not to like Peking opera, but now he’s very fond of it. 他过去不喜欢京剧,但现在非常喜欢。 另外,注意 be used to doing sth.与 used to do sth.的区别: be used to doing sth “习惯于……,适应于……”如: 1)He is used to working hard. 他习惯于努力地工作。 2) He used to bring me roses when he came to see me. 过去他来看我时,常带玫瑰花。

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3)I’m used to doing jogging in the morning now. 我习惯于早上慢跑。 be used to do sth.“某物被用来做某事” 。如: 1)Wood is used to make paper. 木材被用来生产纸张。 2)Computers can be used to do a lot of work now. 如今电脑可用来做许多事。 3.He doesn’t mind whether they’re good or not. ( Page 59) 他并不介意它们是否是好的。 此句为以 whether 引导的宾语从句。whether...or not“不论是否……” 。如:

答案:一、What,What a, How, How,What an, What, What a, What, How, How 二、BAACA 三、1. How fast 2. How exciting 3. How beautiful 4. What a useful, How useful the 5. How carefully What a funny time to eat breakfast! 吃早饭多么有趣啊! 感叹句巧解:感叹句要看后面,即看形容词后的东东, 1) 若形容词后紧跟可数名词单数,就用 what a/an;是不可数名词或可数名词复数,只用 what。 2)若形容词后后紧跟 a/an/the/my/your/this/that/Tom’s 等等乱七八糟的东西,想都 不用想,直接用 how 就 OK 了。如: CACAC

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例句 1:What a good / 形容词 例句 2:What / 形容词 \ 复数名词 例句 3:What / 形容词 \ 不可数名词 例句 4:How good / 形容词 \ 乱糟糟 cold good

boy he is! 他是个多么好的男孩啊! \ 单数名词 boys they are! 他们是多么好的男孩啊!

weather

it is! 多么冷的天气啊!

the boy is! 这男孩多好啊!

★★★ 若没有形容词,而出现副词或是句子,直接用 how. 例:How well he plays the guitar! 他吉他弹得多好啊! / 副词 (what 不可以修饰副词,看到副词直接用 how) How time flies! How fast Liu Xiang runs 打油诗一首: 感叹句往后看 形容词后是名单 就用 what a 或 what an 形后若是不可数或名复数

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只用 what 就可以 形容词后乱糟糟 只写 how 就 OK 了 形容词的比较级和最高级 【形容词、副词的比较级和最高级 -- 构成规则】 1. 一 般 的 , 比 较 级 加 -er , 最 高 级 加 -est ; 如 : small-smaller-smallest; short-shorter-shortest 2.重读闭音节—“辅-元-辅”结构,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-er 或 -est;如: big→bigger→biggest; hot→hotter→hottest wet red thin fat 3.以不发音 e 结尾的,比较级加-r,最高级加-st;如: large→larger→largest; nice→nicer →nicest 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的词, 把 y 改为 i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;如: easy→easier→easiest;heavy→heavier→heaviest 5.多音节词,比较级在前面加 more,最高级在前面加 most;如: beautiful → more beautiful → most beautiful;different → more different → most different 6.不规则变化----必须熟记: 如:good→better→best; bad/ill→worse→worst;little→ less → least; many/much → more → most;old → older/elder → oldest/eldest;far → further/farther→ furthest/farthest. 几种特殊情况少数单音节词前面加 more-, most- 构成比较级和最高级 tired ---- more tired , most tired fond ----- more fond , most fond glad ----- mor

e glad , most glad bored ---- more bored , most bored pleased---- more pleased

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, most pleased 三下列形容词和副词的比较级和最高级有两种形式 more cruel , most cruel strict---- stricter , strictest / more strict , most strict often----- oftener , oftenest / more often , most often friendly------ friendlier , friendliest / more friendly , most friendly clever----- cleverer, cleverest / more clever , most clever 四 下列形容词和副词没有比较级和最高级(即表示”最高程度”或”绝对状态”的形容词 和副词没有比较级和最高级) empty , wrong , perfect , B:形容词比较级的用法 序号

意义

结构

例句

1

用于两者比较,表示“比…更…”

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比较级+than+B

I am two years older than my little sister.

2

表示某个范围内的两者相比

the+比较级+of 短语(比较范围)

Penny is the taller of the two girls.

3

表示“越来越…” 或 ‘越…就越…’

比较级+and+比较级 more and more + 多音节词 the+比较级…, the+比较级

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In spring the days are getting longer and longer. Our country is becoming more and more beautiful. The more you practice using English,the better you’ll learn it.

6

可以用 much,far,even,a bit,a little,a lot 等修饰比较级表示程度,但不能用 very 修饰

Tom is a little taller than Mike.

7

在比较级中,为了避免重复,可用 that 或 those 代替前面提到过的事情

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In summer, the weather in JN is much hotter than that in QD. The pants in this shop are a lot better than those in that shop.

C:形容词和副词最高级的用法 对三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时用最高级。形容词最高级前面要加定冠词 the, 副词最高级前可加 the,也可省掉 the;后面可带 of/in 短浯来说明比较范围: “主语+系动词+the+形容词最高级+of 短语/in 短语” eg.She is the youngest of the three. “A+谓语动词+(the)+最高级+of 短语/in 短语” .Linda draws (the) most carefully in her class. 1.规则 tall ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍slow ﹍﹍ few ﹍﹍ late ﹍﹍ funny ﹍﹍ ﹍ dirty ﹍﹍ thin ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍ important ﹍﹍﹍﹍ expensive ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍﹍ dangerous polite ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ slim ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ hot ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ big ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ ﹍ ﹍﹍ nice ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ brave ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ small ﹍﹍ ﹍ fast ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍smart ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ fine ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ large ﹍﹍ easy ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ ﹍ ﹍﹍

﹍﹍ pretty ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍

﹍﹍happy ﹍﹍

lazy ﹍﹍

﹍﹍

heavy ﹍﹍

﹍﹍ beautiful ﹍﹍﹍﹍

interesting ﹍﹍﹍﹍

﹍﹍﹍﹍

﹍﹍﹍﹍ careful ﹍﹍﹍

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﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ little ﹍﹍ old ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍﹍far ﹍﹍﹍﹍ ﹍﹍﹍

不规则 bad/badly/ill ﹍﹍ many/much ﹍﹍ ﹍ ﹍﹍

2.用法。 (比较事物)▲比较两者 不同① 一件事情和另外一件事情不同 be different from

西蒙的校服和约翰的校服不同。_________________________________ ② 两者表示一方比另一方更。 。 。用 “比较级+than…”

A friend is easier lost than found.______________________ 这个箱子比那个箱子重。__________________________ 他的头发比我长。_____________________________ 齐肩发让 lucy 看上去更漂亮了。__________________________ 你为什么不早点来呢?___________________________ 你觉得看电视比看书有趣么?_________________________ 他的哥哥比他大两岁。_________________________ ② 当比较两件事物的多少时, 我们可以用 “more…than” 来表示 “比。 。 更多” , “fewer…

than”或“less..than”来表示“比。 。更少” 。 米莉的花比艾米多。 ______________________ 米莉的钱比艾米少。 _________________________ 丹尼尔的 CD 比汤姆的少。________________________________ 西蒙的橘子汁比桑迪的少。_______________________________ ▲ ①比较三者或三者以上时, 若表示其中一者 “最。 。 ” , 用 “ the +形容词最高级+ of/in”

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改错: simmon is the taller of the three. 他是我们班最好的学生。_______________________

She ran _____of all the runners. (fast)

今天是我一生中最快乐的一天。___________________________ 注意:当主语和比较对象是同一类别时,用介词 of;反之用 in. He is the tallest boy in his class.He is the tallest boy of the three(boys). 改错: the girl is the youngest in the three. 试用形容词比较级时候的注意点: ★ much, a little, a lot, far, even, any, still 等可修饰比较级,表示程度,而 very, rather,

quite 不能。The experiment was ____ easier than we had expected. A. more B.much more C.much D. more much I feel even ______ now. A.bad B. well C. worse D. worst

改错: he is very stronger than I. ★ 在进行比较是要避免主语与自身进行比较。如: China is larger than any country in Asia.×(因为 any country in Asia 中包括 china 本 身) China is larger than any other country in Asia.√(other 把 China 本身给除开了。 ) ★ 在进行比较是,要注意比较的对象是否一致。如: A.mine B.your C. him D.her

His computer is newer than _______. 形容词比较级的一些特殊用法。

The ….., the…., the +比较级,the +比较级, 越。 。 。越。 。 。 越快越好。 ___________________________________________

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“越来越。 。 。 ”比较级+比较级, 或 More and more + adj. 北京变得越来越漂亮啦。 ___________________________________________ 冬天来了,天气变的越来越冷了。 ___________________________________________ 最高级: The + 最高级 My +最高级 One of +the + adj.最高级+ n.复数 He is one of my ________(close ) friends. 初中语法 B -比较级和最高级练习 (2011-02-10 12:51:25) 转载 标签: 杂谈

一.写出下列单词的比较级、最高级 1. long _________ _________ 3. big _________ _________ 5. nice _________ _________ 2. short _________ _________ 4. early _________ _________ 6. fat _________ _________

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7. strong _________ _________ 8. clean _________ _________ 9. busy _________ _________ 11. tall _________ _________ 13. hot _________ _________ 10. thin _________ _________ 12. late _________ _________ 14. happy _________ _________

15. delicious ________________ ________________ 16. beautiful ________________ ________________ 17. interesting ________________ ________________ 18. important ________________ ________________ 19. popular ________________ ________________ 20. expensive ________________ ________________ 21. careful ________________ ________________ 22. good _________ _________ 24. old _________ _________ 23. many _________ _________ 25. bad _________ _________

二.用括号内单词的正确形式填空 1. Bob is _________ ( young ) than Fred. 2. Elva is not as ___________ (tall) as Lily. 3. Tom looks _______ (fat) than before . 4. Which is _________ (heavy), a hen or a chicken? 5.-- How _________ (tall) is Sally? -- She' s 1.55 metres ________ (tall).

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What about Lucy? -- She' s only 1.40 metres ______ (tall). She is much _______(short) than Sally. She is also the _______ (short) girl in the class. 6. He is ______ (bad) at learning maths. He is much _______ (bad) at Chinese and he is the _________ (bad) at English. 7. Annie says Sally is the ________ (kind) person in the world. 8.He is one of the_________(friendly) people in the class, I think. 9. A dictionary is much _________ (expensive) than a story-book. 10. An orange ia a little ______ (big) than an apple, but much ________ (small) than a watermelon. 11.Miss Chen is __________ _________than Mr. Wang. (popular) 12. The basketball _______ ________ ________ the baseball. (big) 13. Question A _______ ________ _________ ________ Question B. (important) 14. A rose ________ ________ __________ ________ a weed(野草). (beautiful) 15. Toronto(多伦多) is _____ ______ city in Canada. (large)

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16. Playing computer games is ______ _____ _____ of all the activities.(interesting). 17. The Nile(尼羅河) is ______ ________river in the world. (long) 18. Taking a taxi is ______ _______ way to get to the airport. (easy) 19. Test 1 is _____ _______ _________of all the tests. (difficult) 20. He is ________than any other boy in the class.(clever) 21. She is_______ than all the other students. (young) 22. Where is the ________bus-stop? (near) 23. She is ______ ______ girl in the classroom. (tall) 27. Tom drives much ________ ________than John. (careful) 28. The white flower is ________(beautiful). The yellow flower is ______ _______ (beautiful)than the white flower. The red flower is the _____ ______ of the three. 三、 选择题 1. She is ________ than ________ . A. busier / us C. more busy / us B. busier / we D. more busy / we

2. Jane is ________ than Betty. A. less taller B. less tallest

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C. less tall

D. not as tall

3. China is ________ country in the world. A. the third largest B. the largest third C. the third large D. a third largest

4. -Which is ____ season in Beijing? -I think it's autumn. A.good B.better C.best D.the best 5.- Which is__________ , the sun, the moon or the earth? -- Of course, the moon is. A.small B.smaller C.smallest D.the smallest 6.The air in Beijing is getting much _____ now than a few years ago. A. clean B. cleaner C. cleanest D. the cleanest 7. Mobile phones are very popular now and they are _____ than before. A. cheap B. cheaper C. cheapest D. the cheapest 8.I study English as_______as my brother. A.hard B. harder C. hardest

9. Which is _____ , a bicycle or a computer? A.expensive B.more expensive C.the most expensive

10. The Yellow River is one of ______rivers in China. A long B longer C the longest

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11.She is the second _______student in our class. A. tall 四、改错 ( )1. He is thiner than his brother. ____________ A ( B C D B. taller C. tallest

)2. The pen is the more expensive of all the pens. A B C D

_____________ ( )3. This story is interestinger than that one. A B C D

_____________ ( )4. Her English is gooder than I ._______________ A ( B C D

)5. He is the stronger in the class.___________________ A B C D

(

)6. Benny was most excited in the class._______________

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