Some Problems in China’s Higher Education
Higher education plays a very key role for the rest of us at a time in life. We, with high excitement and expectancy, leave our own hometowns to a new world. The higher school not only gives us warm nests shielding off outside unrelated communities, but also provides us a comprehensive schedule to learn lessons inside their great walls. During these years we can learn many things in a liberal education, supplying us with a solid basic education and one or more sets of competence in dealing with all kinds of tests and details of a special field, but the organizational grooves and narrow routines in academic education are increasingly diminishing the motivation and dynamic of students and teachers. As we know, a good education should train students to think for themselves, but the value outlook of traditional education pays much attention to the examination system. A student can or can’t gain credits and graduate late is due to weather he or she can pass the all kinds of tests designed by school or other institutions. So what has to be learnt in many higher schools is rigidly laid down by a syllabus, which lowers the standards of teaching and learning as well. Thus not only can’t motivate students to learn widely, but also deprive the teacher of all freedom. Another problem in higher education is that there is less relationship between the theories and practices. What we have been learning now in a lot of time is the knowledge of the theories, which maybe underlie the students of the basic knowledge, but at the same time, it also makes students lose a lot of opportunities to discover and implement patterns by themselves in practice, and in the end leads them to be unfamiliar to realistic development of social environment. The third problem maybe is that many schools pay more and more emphasis on competence education. Commitment has been diminishing day and day. Now the highlight among higher school students is how to complete their needed course and earn credits. The students, as well as the school, are devoting their energies to the pursuit of material or personal
development in now or future, and commitment seems increasingly disappear in their daily life. To serve for others or society seems of service seems a dated idealism. In my opinion, higher education should offer outstanding and specialized talents for society, and act as the home of mankind’s spirit as well. So higher education should find some equilibrium pots among universities, government and society on the one hand, and on the other, set up equilibrium between economic interest and moral civilization. Only if higher education in China sets up the equilibrium and keeps it well, society would find the graduate students it needs and the graduate students could find their appropriate position in society, and real masters would arise in the future. The problems you mentioned are not specific to the educational systems in China. What is needed, as many experts concur, is a series of mandatory courses in ethics and moral studies, which are often lacked in most educational systems in the world. And the schools' effort to make these courses a requisite for all students might be impractical due to many materialistic concerns because of the value system the society has place upon its citizens. As you have more than subtly hinted in your article, just as equally important to a person as the person's academic achievement are her sense of self-worthiness, -respect, -esteem, her ability to think critically and independently, her ethic standard, and her commitment to her civic responsibilities as a citizen of her country. These are aspects of life a mere degree in higher education cannot offer to its recipient. This problem is not a simple thing to change. There are many things to improve Chinese education mechanism. We can only discuss some aspects of this problem and express ourselves. However, it will only be solved when most of chinese people realize and have an incentive to correct this problem. Wish that this day will come earlier!
Differences between Chinese and Western Education
[Abstract]:Most Chinese parents like to ask, “How old should be the best age for children to study overseas?” “Is the foundational education as good as China in other countries?” As the matter of fact, the argument about the differences and their advantages and disadvantages between Chinese Education and Western Education is keeping on all the time. This question is also one major concern among those students who are considering going abroad. In order to find out the most suitable way for each individual, we shall compare matters both in China and foreign countries in this paper. 摘要：大多数华人家长要问: “孩子出国留学的最佳年龄是多少?” “其他国家的基 础教育跟我过的一样么?”。事实上，中国教育和西方教育的差异和优缺点一直存 在。这个也是正在考虑出国的学生们比较关注的问题。为了找到每个人最合适的 选择，我会在本文中对中国和外国的教育进行比较。 1. Introduce： 1.1 Two cases The basic issue of education is what kind of people we want to cultivate to be, and how to cultivate them. The concept of value, purpose of education and method of education between Chinese Education System and Western Education System are differentiated in many academic fields. Let’s have a look at this with 2 cases: Darin Yokel’s case Darin Yokel is an art teach from one primary school in Cincinnati, America; she is a current student of Miami University. To be as one of the exchange teacher with Chinese, she came to Kunming, Yunnan to have an academic interchange. Her objective is split into 3 parts, teaching Chinese students, communicating with Chinese teachers and independent training. In Kunming, Darin found out that the painting skills of Chinese students are very good. One day, she gave out one topic which is called “happy festival” to her students, but all the students were drawing the same Christmas tree. At first she thought that Chinese students are friendly so when they met a western teacher, they drew the Christmas tree for her. But later she found that every Christmas tree those children drown are with the same batten. She looked closer, discovered that all the students were looking toward the same direction where one of the classroom wall. Then she realized that there was one Christmas tree painting on the wall which prepared by the school as the purpose of creating a suitable painting atmosphere for students.
Darin covered the painting on the wall and asked the students to create their own picture, to her surprise; she was so disappointed that once she covered the wall painting, the students could not draw a “happy festival”. Some students were scratching the head, some biting the pencil, some staring at each other, but no one knew how to start their work. With the intention of solving the embarrassment, Darin has to open the cover of wall painting. 1.1.2 A professor’s case There is another case far in America: one professor mentioned in his article that his son did research when he was in primary school form two. One day he came back from school and asked father to go to library, he said he is doing one research on whales so need to go and find information. The professor took his son to two libraries and borrowed more than ten books about whale. The little boy had finished his first research in his whole life on the topic of whale. It contained 3 pages and one cover with a picture of whale and sea. There were 4 tittles inside the report: introduction, what do whales eat, how whales eat and the features of whales. The professor said that this is the shortest and simplest research he has ever seen in his life; however this is the most interesting research he has ever read as well. The main concern here is not how much knowledge of whale the boy has learnt, but the process of doing the research. He concentrated so hard to gather information, read articles, identify points, write essay and so on. He was doing individually and independently all through the procedure. He totally used his brain to carry out every step, thus he has achieved much more knowledge and skills beside only whales. And this kind of research practice is continuous improving, when he was in Form Two, his research is only collecting other people’s information. But when he reached Form Five, his research is moving into a further level of giving out his own ideas. Although his research is still in insufficient order or not so valid, his consciousness of creation is forming and improving. 1.2 The cases show differences The Darin’s case is really shocking, it illustrates two crucial points of Chinese Education System, one is emphasize too much on teaching but neglect the importance of capability, the other one is building up strong foundation but lack of high education. We Chinese think that students with sturdy foundation can receive further knowledge better. So most Chinese parents think that the primary education in China is more stable than those western countries, and western high education is more mature than China. If students can have the combine of two education system, students could become comprehensive. That is why more and more Chinese parents intend to send their children to foreign universities.
The second case shows that Western Education System encourages children to do research on their own. They believe that doing research can help children to analysis problems and solve difficulties by themselves. At mean while, students can practice what they have learnt in real work through the process of research. It is more effective than what we have been practiced in China, that students are studying for exams only while in primary education period. We are implementing 2 separate stages, learning basic knowledge in junior level and doing research in senior level. 2. Comparison and discussion What are the significant characteristics of both Chinese Education System and Western Education System? Let’s have a compare and discuss as follows: 2.1 different social background As we all know, China is a socialist country and most Western countries belong to capitalist countries. And, they have different history and cultures. China advocates Confucianism and the western countries advocate the revival of literature and art. But the most important point is that their attitude towards the position of family institution's position is also different. In china's traditional family, parents' authoritative consciousness plays a leading role while western civilizations mainly emphasize struggle, equality, democracy and human rights 2.2 different concept of Value There are two basic concepts of education value, teaching and guiding. 2.2.1 Chinese education system: teaching Teaching concept is commonly used in Chinese Education System which is base on textbook contents. Students learn knowledge through classes that are conducted by teachers inside the classroom. Besides it is being used in Chinese family education; students perceive knowledge by listening to what the parents have told them and textbooks which parents ask them to read. This concept is well effected in raising so called “good student” who always abbeys rules and regulations, inheriting traditions and general habits. It resulted that Chinese primary education is with no doubt strongly-built, especially during primary school and middle school period. That is also the reason why Chinese students can win scores of prize in Olympic competitions every year. 2.2.2 Different western education system: guiding. Guiding is the main concept of education wildly used in western countries. It emphasizes the rights and respects of children, which is base on a trust motion.
Schools provide students with fulfilled self-management, support them to control themselves. At home, parents see children as one equal member of the family; they have identical duty and responsibility for the family. Western children have more freedom and private without much instruction; they are more persuaded by enlightening and leading. Westerners intend to offer children opportunities to develop themselves, discovering their potential specialties and abilities. They encourage children to study with interest under pleasure, doing what they want to do and trying the best they can. Thus western children are more responsible and confident; they have a higher grade of self-esteems because of the process of self-learning. On the other hand, self-management does not only depend on students themselves, they do need guidelines from parents and teachers. Guardians should help students to build up sufficiency and strength, also observe their grown to correct any mistakes and weakness. Chinese Education System is good at demonstrating and building moral students always following traditional rules and regulations. But western children show more aggressiveness in personal development, they become the master of their own destiny. They are more ingenious and creative, therefore, the most percentage of Nobel Prize are achieved by western people. It is said that open self-learning system hast he advantage of cultivating top creators.