2012高三英语一轮复习课件(人教广东专版)M2_Unit_1Cultural_relics_图文


Unit 1 Cultural relics

请根据以下,用英语介绍美国总统巴拉克· 奥巴

马。
姓名:巴拉克· 奥巴马 (Barack Obama) 出生时间:1961年8月4日 出生地点:夏威夷檀香山(Honolulu, Hawaii) 家庭:父亲是肯尼亚黑人,母亲是美国白人

小时梦想:当总统
教育及职业:哈佛法学院(Harvard Law School) ,

博士毕业后一直从政。2008年11月4日,

在 大 选 (the general election) 中 击 败 麦 凯 恩 (John

McCain),成为美国第44任总统,首位黑人总统。
意义:…… 【写作要求】 只能使用5个句子表达全部的内容。

Barack Obama, the son of a black father from Kenya and a white American mother, was born in Honolulu, Hawaii on August 4th, 1961. When he was only a little boy, he dreamt of becoming the President of the United States. Since he graduated from Harvard Law School with a doctor's degree, he has been struggling for success in politics. On November 4th, 2008, he defeated John McCain in the general election

and was elected the 44th President of the United States, becoming the first African American President of the country. The success of Obama greatly inspired people from all over the world, especially black people, to work hard to achieve their goals.

1. adj. 文化的
2. adj. 有价值的;贵重的

cultural ____________________ valuable ____________________ survive ____________________ dynasty ____________________ amaze ____________________ select ____________________ design ____________________

3. vi. 幸免;幸存;生还
4. n. 朝代;王朝 5. vt. 使吃惊;惊讶 6. vt. 挑选;选择 7. n. & vt. 构思;设计

8. adj. 奇特的 vt. 想象;设想 9. v. 装饰;装修 10. vi. 属于;为……的一员 11. n. 接待;招待会;接收

fancy ____________________ decorate ____________________

belong ____________________ reception ____________________

12. vt. 移动;搬开

remove ____________________ 13. n. 怀疑;疑惑 vt. 怀疑;不信 ____________________ doubt

14. adj. 以前的;从前的

former ____________________

15. prep. 值得的 n. 价值;作用 adj. (古)值钱的 16. adj. 本地的;当地的 17. n. 根据;证据 worth ____________________ local ____________________ evidence ____________________ explode ____________________ sink ____________________ debate ____________________

18. vi. 爆炸
19. vi. 下沉;沉下

20. n. & vi. 争论;辩论

1. 寻找 2. 用……装饰…… 3. 属于 4. 作为报答

add up ____________________ calm down ____________________

have got to ____________________
Be concerned about ____________________ go through ____________________ set down ____________________

5. 作……之用,
担任,供职

6. 处于交战状态

8. 少于 9. 拆开 10. 同意;与……相符,一致; (事物,气候等)合适

less than ____________________ take apart ____________________ agree with ____________________ think highly of ____________________

11. 看重,器重

1.Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined ___________________________ (imagine) that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history.

served as 2.About four meters long, the room ___________
a small reception hall for important visitors.

when 3.This was a time ___________ the two countries were at war.

4.

There is no doubt that _____________________

the boxes were

then put on a train for K? nigsberg, ____________ which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.

1. survive vi. 继续生存或存在 vt. 幸免于难;比(某 人)长寿

They helped the business to survive the disaster.
他们帮助企业渡过难关。

survival n. 生存,幸存

survivor n. 生还者,幸存者

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)没有植物/动物离开水可以生存。 survive without No plants / animals can_______________water. (2) 他从战场上 ( 空难中 / 地震中 / 爆炸中 / 船只失事中 )

幸存下来。
survived He ____________________ the battle (air crash/

earthquake /explosion / shipwreck).

(3)她比她丈夫多活了20年。 survived her husbandfor twenty years. She ____________________

2. fancy vt. 设想,想象,爱好; n.想象(力); adj. 昂贵的

Don't come back with any fancy ideas.
别用任何大手大脚花钱的想法回敬我了。

fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
have a rich / lively fancy 想象力丰富

take a fancy to 迷恋上

fancy prices 价格昂贵 fancy that…猜想…… have a fancy for… 喜欢……

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)想一想整天坐在太阳底下的滋味吧! Fancy sitting ____________________ in the sun all day! (2)我不喜欢在雨中行走。 don't fancy I ____________________ walking in the rain.

(3)我想我以前或许见过你。 fancy I ____________ that I have met you before. (4)他迷恋上了隔壁的女孩子。 took a fancy to He ____________________ the girl next door.

3. amaze vt. 吃惊;使惊讶 He was completely amazed at what happened just now. 他被刚才眼前所发生的事情完全惊呆了。

amazed adj. 感到惊讶的

amazing adj. 令人惊奇的
amazement n. 惊讶be amazed at… 对……感到惊


in amazement 吃惊地

用所给词的正确形式填空 (1)听到你要走的消息,我大吃一惊。 amazed (amaze) me to hear that you were It ________ leaving. (2)你丰富的知识令我吃惊。 amazed (amaze) at your rich knowledge. I am ________ (3)看到那种景象,他惊愕得呆呆地站在那里。 He stood inamazement ________ (amaze) at the sight.

4. design vt. & vi. 设计,构思;计划;设置 n. 布局, 目的,安排,构思,装饰图案

The novel design of the theatre wins the
appreciation of all the people. 人们都很欣赏这个剧场的新颖设计。 by design 有计划地;有意地 have designs on 图谋获得,对……有企图 be designed to指定,预留

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)我很偶然地成了主持人。

by design I became a presenter not ________________.
(2)他怀疑她在对这笔家产打主意。 having designs on He suspected her of _________________the family fortune.

(3)这笔资金旨在帮助那些值得帮助的学生们。 is designed to This fund _________________ help the worthy

students.
(4)这种汽车的成功显示精良的设计对打开销路的重

要性。
The success of this car shows the importance of good design _________________ in helping to sell the product.

5. light v. (lit, lit; lighted, lighted) 照亮;点火,点燃 adj. 天亮的,轻的,稀少的 n. 光线,光亮;灯

The invention of electric light lit the world.
电灯的出现使世界变得明亮起来。

注意: light 的过去分词有两种形式, lighted 常
用作形容词,作前置定语修饰名词, lit不可作前 置定语。

light up 照亮,引申为“容光焕发” bring sth. to light 揭露或暴露某事物 throw light on sth. 使某事物清楚些 come to light 显露,为人所知

用所给词的正确形式填空 (1)他点燃了蜡烛,朝房间走去。 lit/lighted (light)the candle and walked He ________ towards his room. (2)我把燃烧的火柴放到信上,看它们燃烧。 lighted (light) match to the letter and I put a ________ watched them burn.

(3)突然所有的灯都灭了,她不得不借着月光织毛活 儿。

lights went out and she had to Suddenly all the ________ light of the moon. (light) do the knitting by the ________
(4)她的包比你的轻多了。 lighter (light) than yours. Her bag is much ________

6. consider vt. 考虑,认为 Many contestants consider this national singing competition a journey to success. 很多参赛者认为这次全国歌唱大赛是通向成功

之旅。

consideration n.仔细考虑, 深思
considering prep. 考虑到 considerable adj. 相当多的,相当大的 considerate adj. 考虑周到的,体贴的 consider (doing) sth. 考虑(做)某事 regard…as…/ consider…as (to be)…认为是 consider it+adj.+to do sth.…认为做……怎样

take…into consideration / account
把……列入考虑范围

用所给词的正确形式填空 (1)我考虑找个新工作。 finding (find) a new job. I am considering ________ (2)我们认为他是英明的领导人。 as We consider him ________ our wise leader.

(3)我认为有必要提醒他他的不端行为。

it I consider ________ necessary to remind him of his bad behavior.
(4)关于执行这个工程,我们应该把预算考虑进去。 As for carrying out this project, we should take the consideration (consider). budget into ______________

7. wonder n. 惊奇;奇迹,奇人/事 v. 不知道,想知 道

I wonder how I can succeed in writing.
我想知道如何在写作上获得成功。

It's a wonder (that) 难得
It's no wonder (that) 难怪 wonder+if 从句“请问您是否……” wonder+从句

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)难得你还认得我。 It's a wonder you recognized me. __________ (2)难怪他不饿,他整天在吃糖果。 It is no wonder ________________he is not hungry; he has been eating sweets all day. (3)相信自己,你能创造奇迹。 Trust yourself — you can work wonders ________.

(4)Ted不知道警察局为什么要他去一趟。 wondered why Ted _________________ he was wanted by the

police.
(5)不知您是否能为我抽出几分钟时间。 I ________________ you could spare me a few wonder if minutes.

8. remove vt. 移走;排除;开除;脱去(衣服等);摘


A team was sent to remove the fallen trees. 一个小组被派去移走刮倒的树木。 remove sb. from office 免除某人的职务 remove oneself 自动退出;下台 remove a hidden danger 消除隐患

remove covers 揭开盖子 remove misunderstanding 消除误会

用所给词的正确形式填空 (1)他把画取下来,放到抽屉里。 removed (remove) the picture and put it in the He ________ drawer. (2)据说他已被免除职务了。 been removed It is said that he has already ____________ (remove) from his office.

(3)学校举办了一次讲座,消除了所有可能的安全隐 患。

A lecture has been held in the school ____________ to remove (remove) all the possible hidden dangers.

9. remain vi. 保持,仍是

To keep one's hair on is the same as telling a
person to remain calm and not become angry. 让人保持镇定的意思就是让人冷静,不要生气。

remainder n. 残余,剩余物,其他人员

the remainder= the rest 剩余的人/物
remains n.残留物,遗迹,遗体

remaining adj. 剩余的(作前置定语)
it remains to be seen whether…是否……还有待证 明

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)史密斯先生还是那么活跃。 active (act). Mr. Smith remains so ________ (2)杰西卡会完成剩下的任务。 Jessica will accomplish the remaining ________ (remain) task.

1 . in search of 寻找 She moved to London in search of fame and fortune. 她为了追逐名利,搬迁到了伦敦。

search for寻找(某人或某物) search +某人或某地+ for… 为找到某物或某人而搜 查某地或搜某人的身

search与search for search作“寻找,搜寻”的意思时,宾语一般是 地点,表“在 …… 中搜寻”;如果是人时,表示 “搜……的身”。

search for后面的宾语是人或物,表示“寻找”。
in one's search for / in search of 寻找,搜寻(介词 词组)

Ⅰ.用search, search for填空

searched the prisoner to see if he (1)The police ____________ had a gun.
searching for/in search of (2)A mother bird is _______________________ food. searching for/in search of a cure (3)Scientists are______________________ for the disease.

Ⅱ.根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (4)父母到处找孩子,但没有找到。 searched for The parents ____________________ their child here and there, but they didn't find him. (5)他出去找些吃的东西。 in search of He went out ___________________something to eat.

(6)这对夫妇为了他们丢失的狗找遍了整条街。

searched The couple ____________________ the whole street for their lost dog.

2. belong to 属于
Twothirds of the members belong to the wealthy class.

三分之二的成员属于富有阶级。
注意:该短语只用于主动语态,不能用于被动 语态;只用于一般时态,不用于进行时态。不要 受汉语“属于某人的”的影响而在 belong to 后误 接表示“某人的”的物主代词或者名词的所有格; 而要接宾格或者直接接名词。

用给词的正确形式填空 (1)中国是个发展中国家,属于第三世界。 belonging China is a developing country, _______________ (belong) to the Third World.

(2)我们是同龄人。
belong We ________ (belong) to the same generation. (3)这是你我之间的秘密。 The privacy ________ belongs (belong) to you and me.

3. in return 作为回报
He helps colleagues sincerely while demanding nothing in return. 他真心实意地帮助同事,并不求回报。

in return for his humane deeds 作为对他的善行的回报 in turn 依次; take turns 依次,轮流

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)他给我们如此多的帮助,我想为他做些事作为报

答。
He has given us so much help that I really want to do something for him ___________________. in return (2)她依次向每一个人问同样的问题。 She asked the same question of everyone in turn ____________________.

4. take apart 拆开,打败,严厉批评
This robot's job is to take apart bombs that may go off. 这种机器人的工作就是拆除那些可能爆炸的炸 弹。

take apart the radio 拆录音机 take close friends apart 拆散好朋友 take apart the opposition 打败对手

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)把表拆开容易,装起来却难。 to take a watch apart but difficult to It?s easy ____________________ put it together again. (2)像他这样的拳击老手理应能够轻易地打败他年轻 的对手。 An experienced fighter like him should be able to take his young opponent apart easily ______________________________.

(3)他把我的文章批评了一顿,但我认为他的批评有 帮助。

takes my essay apart but I find his He ____________________
criticism helpful.

5. think highly/well of 高度评价
Enterprises nowadays think highly of product and service innovation, in order to enhance their competitive advantages. 现代企业为增强其竞争优势而日益重视产品和

服务的创新。

speak highly of 高度评价 praise highly of 高度表扬 think poorly of 看清;看不起 think little of 没把……当回事

think nothing of 认为……很平常
think well of 重视……

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)他的绘画受到世界上一些专家的好评。 think / thought highly of Some experts of the world____________________ his paintings.

(2)所有的矿工们都没有把上个月的爆炸当回事。
All the miners thought little of ____________________ the explosion last month.

(3)人们到处歌唱新生活。

praise highly of their Everywhere people ____________________ new life.

1.

Frederick William I, the King of Prussia,

could_never_have_imagined that his greatest gift
to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 普鲁士国王腓特烈 · 威廉一世绝不可能想到他 送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼竟会有这样一段令人惊奇

的历史。

情态动词+have done的用法: (1)could have done 本能做某事却未做 couldn't / can't have done 对过去的否定推测,表 “不可能干了某事” (2)must have done 对过去的肯定推测,表“一定 干了某事”

(3)may / might have done 对过去的推测,表

“可能已经干了某事” (4)needn't have done 本不必做某事却做了 (5)should have done 本该做而未做 shouldn't have done 本不该做却做了 Had it not been for your help, I could never have done it.

如果你不帮忙,我是绝对做不成的。

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 (1)她可能这样说过。 may have said She ____________________ so. (2)在那样的情况下,我们本来可以做得更好的。 could have done In those circumstances we __________________ better.

(3)你本该早些告诉我这件事的。 should have told me this earlier. You ____________________

(4)他可能读过那本书吗? Can / Could he have read the book? ____________________

2.

In

1770

the

room

was

completed

the_way_she_wanted.
1770年,这间琥珀屋按照她的要求竣工了。

the way 后面的定语从句,关系词若在从句 中作状语,相当于“用这种方式 / 方法 ( = in this way)”时,通常不用关系词,偶尔用that,在较正 式的文体里用in which ;如果关系词在从句中作 主语或宾语,只能根据情况选用that或which,不 能用in which。 Computers have changed the way that we work and play. 计算机已经改变了我们的工作和娱乐方式。

根据汉语意思,完成英文句子 我讨厌你跟我说话的方式。 that / in which / 不填 you speak I hate the way ____________________ to me.

简单句合并成并列句或复合句

有时为了增强意义,使句子更加连贯,结构更
加紧凑,语言更加生动,信息更加准确,我们要对

简单句进行整合。如果我们把两个或两个以上的简
单句由并列连词and, but, or等连在一起,我们就得 到并列句。如: Last year I met Kate. We became friends. →Last year I met Kate and we became friends.

去年我和凯特相遇,我们成了朋友。

The future is bright. The road is tortuous.

→ The future is bright but the road is tortuous.
前途是光明的,但是道路是曲折的。 Put on more clothes. You'll catch a cold. → Put on more clothes or you'll catch a cold. 多穿点衣服,否则你会感冒。 School is over. All the teachers are still working. → School is over, yet all the teachers are still working.

学校放学了,可是老师们仍然在工作。

若 在 两 个 或 多 个 简 单 句 之 间 加 上 when, after,

because, which, who, where, why等从属连词,我们就
可以使简单句变成复合句,从而扩展成高级句子。

【例1】 The foreign visitors took a lot of pictures. They
were at the Great Wall. (改为含状语从句的复合句) → The foreign visitors took a lot of pictures when they were at the Great Wall. 外国游客在长城上拍了很多照片。

【例2】 a. The weather turned out to be very good. It

was more than we could expect.(改为含定语从句的复
合句) →The weather turned out to be very good,which was more than we could expect. 天气转晴了,这是我们没有想到的。

b. The weather turned out to be very good. It was
more than we could expect.(改为含名词性从句的复合

句)

→It was more than we could expect that the weather

turned out to be very good.

按要求完成句子 1. You can have a rest. You can go to the cinema.(合

并成一个并列句)
You can have a rest or you can go to the cinema. _____________________________________________

2. We can send emails anywhere at any time. We can get the latest information from the Internet. (合并

成一个并列句)
We can send emails anywhere at any time and _____________________________________________ we can get the latest information from the Internet. _____________________________________ 3. You must tell the truth. You will be punished. (合 并成一个并列句) You must tell the truth,or you will be punished. ___________________________________________

4. She has difficulty in learning English. She works hard. She is making rapid progress. (合并成一个并

列句)
_____________________________________________ She has difficulty in learning English, but she _____________________________________ works hard and is making rapid progress.

5. The news encouraged us all greatly. Our women volleyball team had won the championship. (改为含

名词性从句的复合句)
_____________________________________________ The news that our women volleyball team had _____________________________________ won the championship encouraged us all greatly.

6. A man doesn't learn from others. A man can't achieve much. (改为含定语从句的复合句) A man who doesn't learn from others can't achieve _____________________________________________ much. ___________________________ 7. The film had begun. We got to the cinema. (改为 含状语从句的复合句) The film had begun when we got to the cinema. ___________________________________________


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