【成才之路】高中英语 unit2 section2 Learning about Language课件 新人教版选修6_图文
Unit 2 Poem
Section Ⅱ Learning about Language
课 时 作 业
1．appropriate 2．exchange 3．sponsor return for something else 4．compass D．suitable, acceptable or correct for the A．a piece of equipment used for finding B．a business which pays for a show, C ． to give and receive something in your way, with a needle that always points to the north sports event, ect．usually in return for advertising
答案：1—D 2—C 3—B 4—A
librarian 5．library n．→___________ n. darkness n. 6．dark adj.→___________
warmth n. warmly 7．warm adj.→___________ adv.→___________
pianist 8．piano n．→___________ n. violinist n. 9．violin n．→___________
to 1．according ___________ 根据；按照 2．have fun ___________ 玩得高兴 by 3．___________ chance 碰巧；意外地 on 4．hold ___________ 别挂断；继续；坚持；保持 at 5．___________ the bottom of在……的底部 by 6．___________ oneself 独自地；独立地
out 7．try ___________ 测试；试验
out 8．let ___________ 发出；放走
用所给词的适当形式填空 1 ． Our teacher suggested that we _______________ (practise) reading English every morning. 2．If I had not made many mistakes, I _______________ (pass) the test. 3．If you had gone to see the doctor earlier, you ________ _______ (not fall) serious illness.
4．If you had arrived the bus stop ten minutes earlier, you
_______________ (not miss) the flight. 5．It looks as if he _______________ (not have) a meal for a week. 6．If only I _______________ (see) the film yesterday. 答案： 1.(should) practise not have fallen seen 2.would have passed 3.would 4.would not have missed 5.hadn't had 6.had
1.bare adj．赤裸的；光秃的；稀少的 vt.使暴露；使赤裸 ①Jonathan's bare feet made no sound in the soft sand． 乔纳森光着脚在松软的沙滩上走，一点声音都没有。 ②There are no plants at all at a bare hillside. 光秃秃的山坡根本没有植物。
③They are carrying the bare minimum of equipment.
他们携带着最小量的装备。 ④This room looks very bare—you need some pictures on the walls. 房间显得过于单调——你应该在墙上挂几幅画。 ⑤The dog bared its teeth. 狗露出了牙齿。
用恰当形式填空 (1)In fact, I ___________(bare) slept the night before. 完成句子 (2)I ___________( 几乎不记得 ) when I went there during childhood． 答案：(1)barely (2)barely remember
①It is an appropriate time to make a speech. 这是发表演讲的合适时间。 ②This is an appropriate request for them. 这对他们来说是个正当的要求。
知识拓展 be appropriate for/to对……合适
It is appropriate for sb．to do sth.适合某人做某事
It is appropriate (that)……是合适的 ①His clothes were not appropriate for such a season.
②It seemed somehow appropriate that we should begin our journey here. 从某种程度上说，我们似乎适合从这里开始我们的旅途。 ③It would not be appropriate for me to discuss that now.
appropriate, proper, fit, suitable 这些形容词均表示“适当的”或“适合的”之意。 (1)appropriate 指专门适合于某人或某事，语气较重，强调 “恰如其分”。 His casual clothes were not appropriate for such a formal occasion. 他的便服，不适宜在这样正式的场合穿。
宜性质的含义。 They'll visit the country again at a proper time. 他们将在适当的时间再次访问这个国家。 (3)fit指具有适合于某个目的，某种工作或某种用途等必需 的品质或条件。 After the interview, the employer concluded that she was fit for the joB．
质。 This toy is not suitable for young children. 这个玩具不适合小孩玩。
用appropriate, proper, fit或suitable填空
(1)This show is not ___________ for teens. (2)He appeared in ___________ dress. (3)I don't feel that it would be ___________ for me to give you that information. (4)Can you prove yourself to be ___________ for the position? 答案：(1)suitable (2)appropriate (3)proper (4)fit
3．exchange n．交换；交流；互换vi.& vt.调换；交换
①Is this exchange fair? 这桩交易公平吗？ ②Let's have an exchange of views on the matter. 我们对这件事交换一下看法吧。 ③May I exchange seats with you? 我和你调一个座位好吗？
exchange for 交换 in exchange for 作为交换 ①I'd like to exchange this dress for one in a smaller size. 我想把这件衣服换成一件尺寸小点的。 ②He gave me an apple in exchange for a cake. 他给我一个苹果，换一块蛋糕。
典型例句 强调互换。意为“交 Let's exchange our seats. exchange 换，调换”。 我们换换座位吧。 I changed my seat. 我换了个座位。 着重强调与以前不 You have changed a lot since I change 同，意为“改变，变 last saw you. 化”。 自从我上次见你以来，你变 了很多。 单词 辨析
活学活用 补全句子 (1)早饭后我通常和邻居寒暄几句。 I usually ___________ a few words of greeting ___________
my neighbour after breakfast.
用适当介词短语填空 (2)This knid of dress has been sold out．Would you like to
exchange it ___________ something else of the same price?
答案：(1)exchange; with (2)for
①It is a pity that he doesn't have enough money to sponsor the project. 遗憾的是，他没有足够的钱来赞助这项工程。 ②The exhibition was sponsored by the Society of Culture. 这个展览会是由文化协会主办的。 ③The bill was sponsored by a Labour MP. 这项议案是一位工党议员倡议的。
词语替换 (1)Unless he can find a supporter,he will fail．___________ 用恰当形式填空 (2)—I hear she has found a company ___________ (sponsor) her through college. —I'm glad to hear that. 答案：(1)sponsor (2)to sponsor
used to 过去(常常)……
①He used to smoke.
他过去常常抽烟。 ②There used to be low and dirty houses. 那里曾是些又矮又脏的房舍。
用原形use，也可把used提前。 —Did he use to live in the countryside? 他过去常住在乡下吗？ —Yes, he did．/No, he didn't. 是的，他常住在乡下。/不，他不常住在乡下。
容易混淆的三个used句型 used to do be used to... 表示过去惯常的动作或常存在的状态，仅用
be used to do 为被动语态，表示“被用来做……”。
Mr White used to live in China, so he is used to Chinese dishes. 怀特先生过去常住在中国，所以习惯吃中国菜。 Cloth is used to make clothes. 布料被用来做衣服。
补全句子 我过去常常早起锻炼，但我现在懒了。 I ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ early and take exercise, but I am lazy now. 答案：used to get up
In fact, my family love reading so much that we keep buying books. 事实上，我的家人如此喜欢读书以至于我们总是买书。 so...that...如此……以至于……；其中that引导的是结果状 语从句。so...that...结构用法如下： ?＋adj./adv.＋that从句 ? so?＋adj.＋a/an＋可数名词单数＋that从句 ?＋many/few/much/little?少?＋名词＋that从句 ?
①He spoke so quietly that I could hardly hear him. 他说话轻得我几乎听不见。 ②Bob is so tall a man that he can almost reach the ceiling. 鲍勃个子这么高，几乎够得着天花板。
知识拓展 such...that...结构： ?＋adj.＋不可数名词＋that从句 ? such?＋adj.＋可数名词复数＋that从句 ?＋a/an＋adj.＋可数名词单数＋that从句 ? She is such a clever girl that we all like her. 她是这么聪明的一个小女孩以致于我们都喜欢她。
名前such，形副so， 多多少少(many/much/few/little)也用so； little一词特殊记，“小”用such，“少”用so。
He had ___________ little education that he couldn't teach ___________ little children. 答案：so; such 句意：他受教育如此少，以至于不能教如 此小的孩子。so...that和such...that都可引导结果状语从句，so修 饰形容词或副词， such 修饰名词。但当名词前有表示数量的 many, much, little, few等修饰时要改用so。本题中第一空的little 表示量的多少，故填so；第二空的little表示年龄“小的”，故
(1)在“It is important (necessary, strange, natural, a pity等)＋
that 从句”句 型 中 ，从句的谓语动词常用 “ should ＋动词原 形”，should可以省略。 It is necessary that I (should) return it right now. 我有必要马上把它还回去。 It is important that this task (should) not fail. 重要的是这项任务不能失败。
It's a pity that he should have failed in the exam.
注意：这种句型中的主语从句有时也可不用虚拟语气而用 陈述语气。 It's strange that we haven't heard from him. 奇怪，我们一直没有收到他的来信。 It's a pity that you can't stay longer. 你不能再多停留些时间，真是遗憾。
(2)在“It is ordered (decided, suggested, requested, required,
proposed等)＋that从句”句型中，从句谓语动词用“should＋动 词原形”，should可以省略。 It is required that the students (should) learn a foreign language. 学生们被要求学一门外语。 It was decided that the school should buy new software. 学校要购买新软件，这已经决定下来了。
在表示建议、命令、要求、愿望等名词后面的表语从句和 同位语从句中谓语动词用“ (should ＋ ) 动词原形”。这类名词 有：advice, suggestion, order, demand, proposal, request, desire 等。 He made the demand that we should go at once. ＝His demand was that we should go at once. 他要求我们马上去。
间不一致时，被称为“错综时间条件句”，动词的形式要根据 它所表示的时间作出相应的调整。 If you had listened to me, you wouldn't be in such trouble now. 如果你听了我的话，你现在也不会有这样的麻烦了。 ( 从 句说明过去，主句说明现在) If I were you, I would have taken his advice. 如果我是你，我就会接受他的忠告了。 ( 从句说明现在，
的混合，这样的句子不仅仅是时间的不同，更重要的是事实和 假设的混合。 I would have gone to visit him in the hospital had it been at all possible, but I was fully occupied the whole of last week. 如果有可能我就去医院看他了，但是我整个上周都很忙。 (前半部分表示假设，而后半部分是陈述事实)
有时假设的条件不通过条件从句表达出来，而是暗含在单 词、短语或上下文中，这时需要根据句中所表述的意义以及某 些特定的信息词来判断此时需要采用的形式。常用词或短语 有：without, but for, or, otherwise等。
Without your help(＝Had it not been for your help), I couldn't
have achieved all this. 要不是有你帮助，我是不会取得这些成绩的。 But for his pension, he would starve. 要不是有养老金，他都要饿死了。 Five minutes earlier and you could have met her at the station. 早来五分钟的话，你就能在车站见到她了。
5．as if/as though从句以及if only后的句子常用虚拟语气 as if/ as though/ if only
He treats the little girl as if she were his own daughter. 他对待这个小女孩就像她是自己的亲生女儿一样。 He talked as if he had known the secret. 他谈起话来好像他已经知道了这个秘密。
If only I would be admitted into Beijing University next year!
注意：as if/as though如果有明显的迹象表示“有可能实现
的事实”时，不用虚拟语气。 It is so cloudy．It looks as if it is going to rain. 天太阴了，似乎要下雨。
6．It's (high/about) time后的从句用虚拟语气
从 句 谓 语 动 词 常 用 过 去 时 ， 也 可 用 “ should ＋ 动 词 原 形”，should不能省略。 It's time (that) we had a meeting to talk about the problem. 该开个会讨论一下这个问题了。 It's time (that) he went to bed, but he is still watching TV. 该是他去睡觉的时候了，可他仍然在看电视。
7．在If it were not (had not been) for...句型中的虚拟语气
If it were not for...是一种常见的句式，表达与现在相反的 虚拟条件；而If it had not been for...则表示与过去相反的虚拟条 件，意为“若不是，若没有”。 If it weren't for water, no plant could grow. 要是没有水，植物就无法生长。 If it hadn't been for the doctor, he would have died． 要不是医生救了他，他就死了。
用恰当形式填空 1．(2015·真题改编·安徽)It is lucky we booked a room, or we ___________(have)nowhere to stay now. 答案：would have 句意：我们很幸运地订到了房间，否 则的话，我们现在就会无处可去了。or引导含蓄虚拟条件句，
or后面是主句，相当于if we hadn't booked a room, we would have
nowhere to stay now.，根据“now”可知，是对现在进行虚拟， 因此用would＋动词原形，故填would have。
2．(2015·真题改编·天津)I wish I ___________(be) at my
sister's wedding last Tuesday, but I was on a business trip in New York then. 答案：had been 句意：上个周二我本希望参加我姐姐的 婚礼，但那是我在纽约出差。本题考查wish引导的宾语从句， 表示与过去事实相反的愿望，从句用had ＋过去分词。
3．(2014·浙江)They were abroad during the months when
we were carrying out the investigation, or they ___________(come)
to our help. 答案：would have come 本题考查虚拟语气。句意：我们 实行调查时他们出国了，要不然的话，他们就会来帮助我们 了。由关键信息 or可知，此处是隐含的虚拟条件句，or相当于 If they hadn't been abroad，叙述与过去事实相反，主句谓语动 词 用 would/should/could/might have done ， 故 填 would have come。
4．(2014·重庆)It was John who broke the window．Why are
you talking to me as if I ___________(do) it? 答案：had done 本题考查虚拟语气。句意：是约翰打破 的窗子，为什么你向我说起来就像是我做的。as if 引导虚拟条 件句，由句意可知为对过去的虚拟，故用过去完成时。as if/as though引起的与事实相反的句子，不论主句的谓语是现在时还 是过去时，其谓语表示的时间概念和句子结构，都基本上与 wish后的宾语从句相同。如：
John pretends as if he didn't know the thing at all, but in fact he knows it very well.
约翰假装他对此事一无所知，但实际上他一清二楚。 ( 用
过去式表示与现在事实相反的假设) The old man looked at the picture, he felt as though he had
gone back to time 20 years ago.
那位老人看着画，感觉自己似乎回到了20年前。 (用过去完成式表示与过去相反的事实) They talked and talked as if they would never meet again. 他们说啊说，好像再也见不到了。(would＋动词原形，表
5．(2013·北京)If we ___________(book) a table earlier, we
wouldn't be standing here in a queue. 答案：had booked 本题考查虚拟语气，是错综复杂虚拟 条件句。句意：如果我们早订张桌子的话，我们现在就不会站 在这儿排队了。根据语境可知，此处是 if引导的虚拟条件句， 从句叙述与过去事实相反，因为“我们没有早订桌”，谓语动 词用 had done；而主句叙述与现在事实相反，“现在我们就在 站着排队”。
6．(2013·天津)If he had spent more time practising speaking
English before, he ___________(be) able to speak it much better now. 答案：would be 本题考查虚拟语气。句意：如果他以前 花了更多时间练习说英语，他现在就能说得好多了。这是一个 由if引起的虚拟条件句，从句与过去事实相反，主句与现在事 实相反，所以是一个错综时间条件句。主句与现在事实相反， 所以谓语动词要用would do构成。
单句改错 1．If she studied harder, she would have passed the exam. _________________________________________________ 2．We would have won if we stayed up so late the night before. _________________________________________________
3．My suggestion is that he would go there at once.
4．It is time that we go to the library.
_________________________________________________ 5．If only I am a bird! _________________________________________________ 6．Were he to leave yesterday, he would get there by Friday.
答案：1.studied前加had 2.stayed前加hadn't 3.would →should 4.go前加should或go→went 5.am→were
6．Were he to leave→Had he left
1 ． The dress tied around her neck, leaving her shoulders
___________ (赤裸的)． 2．She became a school ___________ (图书馆管理员), and always seemed to have a book in her hanD． 3 ． I like the house but I don't imagine I'll live there ___________ (永远)． 4．I didn't feel that this was a(n) ___________(适当的) time to mention the subject of money.
5．We ___________ (交换) phone numbers, but I don't think
I'll call him.
6．Everyone was given a(n) ___________ (毕业文凭) at the
end of the course.
7 ． If the show is too controversial, we'll lose our ___________ (赞助人)． 8．At 17, he was the youngest player to win the Men's Tennis ___________ (冠军)． 9 ． This method of finding the way was used until ___________ (指南针) and maps were inventeD． 10．Write on one side of the paper and leave the other side
答 案 ： 1.bare
5.exchanged 6.diploma 7.sponsors 9．compasses 10.blank
1．The factory where Mr Li ________ ________ work was closed last week. 2．He ________ ________ play games on the Internet, but now he ________ ________ ________ taking a walk after supper. 3．My grandmother ________ ________ come here every Saturday evening as regular as clockwork.
4．Silk was a common offering by the emperor to those tribes
________ ________ ________ peace. 5．I'll ________ my apple ________ your orange. 6．I wouldn't ________ my apple ________ him for anything. 答案： 1.used to exchange for 2.used to; is used to 3.used to 4.in 5.exchange; for 6.exchange; with
Ⅲ.句型转换 1．Do you mind my smoking in the car? Would you mind __________________ in the car? 2．If there weren't water, there wouldn't be living things in the
___________， there wouldn't be living things in the worlD． 3．If it hadn't been for the traffic jam, we should have arrived
____________ the traffic jam, we should have arrived on time.
4．If I were you, I would try it again.
__________________， I would try it again. 5．It's time for us to go to bed． It's time that __________________. 答案：1.if I smoked 2.Without water 3.But for 4.Were I you 5.we went/should go to bed