【创新设计】2014-2015学年高中英语配套课件:选修7 Unit 4 Period 2(人教版,重庆专用)_图文


Unit 4 Sharing Period 2 Learning about Language & Using Language 课件(人教版选修7,重庆专用)

Ⅰ.单词识记 sew v.to use a needle and thread to make or repair 1.________

clothes or to fasten something such as a button to them
2.voluntary ________ adj.done willingly, without being forced or paid

3 .astronaut ________ n . someone who travels and works in a
spacecraft
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4.________ purchase v.to buy something
angle n . the space between two straight lines or 5 . ________

surfaces that join each other, measured in degrees
operate v.to use and control a machine or equipment 6.________ anniversary n . a date on which something special or 7 . ____________ important happened in a previous year

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8.________ distribute v.to share things among a group of people, especially in a planned way security n . things that are done to keep a person, 9 . ________ building, or country safe from danger or crime donate v.to give something, especially money, to a 10.________ person or an organization in order to help them

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Ⅱ.短语天地 in need 1.________________ 在困难中;在危急中 smooth down 把??弄平;消除;变得平静 2.________________ be married to 和??结婚 3.________________ provide sth for sb 4.________________ 为某人提供某物 缝纫机 5.sewing machine ________________ 箱式(柜式)图书馆 6. trunk library________________

建起,建立 7.set up ________________ 挨饿 8. go hungry________________

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Ⅲ.句型搜索

1.She was dying to see him again, but what if he didn't want
to see her? [信息提取] [例句仿写] What if...?如果??会怎么样(办)? 如果他现在回来怎么办?

What _________ if he comes back now? _______ ________ ________

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2.The gift you give is not something your loved one keeps but a

voluntary contribution towards the lives of people who really
need it. [信息提取] 而是”。 [例句仿写] 不是父亲而是母亲出席这一仪式。 not...but连接两个并列成分,意为“不是??

Not ______ father ______ but ______ mother was present at the ceremony. ______

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Ⅳ.预读理解
Read the text and choose the best answers according to the text. 1.The purpose of the Internet Page is to ________. A.let people give an unusual gift to the poor

B.let people get an unusual card
C.let people learn something useful D.let people make money

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The gifts you give are ________. 2. A.something your loved one keeps
B.some beautiful cards C.something really needed by the poor people D.some lovely toys and fashionable clothes The organization for the following are occasions except 3.

__________.
A.anniversaries C.burials B.birthdays D.weddings

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4.The seeds and agricultural equipment gift will train a whole village of about 40 families in________countries. A.American C.Asian and African B.African D.Asian

The list of gifts include gardening,farming,supply for 5. family living, health-care services and ________. A.education B.travelling

C.sun-energy
答案 1.A 2.C 3.C

D. oil-searching
4.C 5.A

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1. toast (1)n.烤面包;吐司;干杯 If you cut the bread, we'll make some toast. 你要是把面包切成片,我们就烤点儿面包片。 Lally was spreading strawberry jam on a piece of toast. 拉莉在一片吐司上涂草莓果酱。

I propose a toast to the health of the guests.
我提议为来宾的健康干一杯。
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(2)vt.烤;敬酒;使暖和vi.烘,烤 She toasted bread for breakfast.她烤面包当早餐。 Let's toast the friendship between two countries. 让我们为两国间的友谊干杯。 The wedding guests toasted the bride and bridegroom. 参加婚礼的客人举杯向新娘新郎祝贺。

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写出下列句中黑体词的意思 ①The King was the first toast drunk by the officers. 敬酒 _________________________________________________ ②He put the toast on the breakfast tray. 烤面包片 _________________________________________________

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2.donate vt.&vi.捐赠;捐献n.捐赠;捐献 When Japanese Earthquake broke out, many organizations

donated a large sum of money to the people there.
日本大地震发生后,很多组织向那里的人们捐赠了大量的 钱。 More than 100 fighters hurried to the scene to donate their blood.

有100多名战士赶到现场献血。
This van was donated to us by a local firm.

这辆货车是当地一家公司捐赠给我们的。
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They have made an outstanding generous donation to the school.

他们向学校作出了大量慷慨的捐赠。
She made a donation of $ 5,000 to the Children's Hospital.她

捐了五千美元给儿童医院。
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【完成句子】 ①The government calls on the youth to __________________ donate their blood voluntarily. 政府号召青年义务献血。

the donor ②The school was named after ______________.
这所学校是以那位捐助者的名字命名的。 donate to ③They used to ______________the Red Cross every year.

他们每年捐钱给红十字会。
made a generous donation to ④They _____________________________charity.

他们对慈善事业慷慨捐助。
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3.purchase v.& n.购买;购买的物品 She purchased a number of shares in the company.

她在公司里买了一些股份。
He managed to secure a loan to purchase a house.

他设法弄到一笔贷款买了一栋房子。
She made several purchases in the dress shop. 她在服装店里买了几样东西。

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How to estimate their purchasing ability? 如何估计他们的购买能力?

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【比较网站】

buy/purchase

这两个动词均含“购买”之意。

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I'd like to buy a ticket to Washington. 我要买一张去华盛顿的火车票。 The ancient painting was purchased for 50,000 francs in 1989. 那幅古画是一九八九年以五万法郎买下的。

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写出下列黑体词的词性 ①They purchased life at the expenses of honor. 他们以牺牲名誉为代价换得了生命。 动词 _________________________________________________ ②The purchase price is less if you pay by cash. 付现金的话,价钱便宜些。 名词 _________________________________________________

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4.distribution n.分发;分配;散布,分布;销售
They could not agree about the distribution of the profits. 他们对于利润的分配意见不一致。 The population distribution of China isn't balanced.

中国的人口分布不均。
We have a good harvest but our distribution is bad.

我们丰收了,但是产品卖不出去。

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The teacher distributed the new books to the pupils. 老师把新书发给小学生们。 The mother distributed candy among children.

母亲给孩子们发糖果。
Accordingly, we prepare to change profit distributive pattern.

因此,我们预备改变利润分配的模式。
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【完成句子】

①The conference discussed the fair ______________ distribution of income
and wealth. 会议讨论了公平分配收入和财富的问题。 distributed ② The organization__________________ food and blankets to ______________the earthquake victims in Japan. 这个机构向日本地震灾民分发了食品和毯子。

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5.operate vt.操作;运转;经营;动手术
Go over the instructions before you operate the machine.在 操作机器之前请先阅读使用说明。 The small grocery is well operated. 这家小杂货店经营得很好。 The doctors shall operate on his central nervous system. 医生们将要对他的中枢神经系统动手术。

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The new power station has already come into operation.

这个新的发电站已经开始运转。
When the war ended, the plants remained in operation.

战争结束后,生产厂家继续运作。
The worker put the machine into operation.

那工人把机器开动起来了。

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【完成句子】

operate the machine ①They taught us how to ___________________. 他们教了我们怎样开机器。 came into operation ②The new schedule ____________________on June 1st. 新的日程表是从6月1日开始实行的。
③They took him to hospital last night and he's already been operated on _____________. 昨晚他们把他送进医院,他现在已开过刀了。

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1.smooth down把??弄平;消除;变得平静

She always smoothed down her dress.
她总是把衣服弄得平平整整。

I hope United Nations can smooth the matter of the U.S.-Iran conflict down.
我希望联合国能使美伊冲突这件事完全平息下去。 Affairs have smoothed down since the cause of trouble was removed.

自从纠纷的起因消除后,事态就缓和下来了。
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Her tender looks seemed to smooth away his worry. 她的温柔的神情似乎消除了他的忧虑。 The angry husband and wife agree to smooth over their difference.

生气的丈夫及妻子同意缓和他们的争执。

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【完成句子】
①The sea gradually ________________________. smoothed down 海面逐渐平静下来。

smooth over your differences ②It will be difficult for you to ___________
after so many years. 经过了这么多年,你想缓解你们之间的分歧谈何容易。

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2.in need在困难中;在危急中 We are collecting money for children in need. 我们在为贫困儿童募捐。 A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交才是真朋友。 When (you are) in need, don't hesitate to ask me for help. 需要时,请不必客气找我帮忙。

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The doctor told me I was in need of a good rest.
医生对我说,我需要好好休息。 If you've had an annoying day at the office, there is no need to work it off on your wife when you get home. 要是你白天在办公室里很烦恼,没有必要到家里拿你妻子出 气。 We always try our best to meet your need. 我们总是尽力满足你们的要求。

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His firmness on his belief supported him in difficulties. 困境中,他坚定的信仰支撑着他。

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【完成句子】 ①They gave up the chance for a gold medal to help someone ______________. in need 他们放弃了赢得金牌的机会去帮助需要(帮助)的人。 ②Literature and art should _____________________. meet the people's need 文艺应符合人民的需要。 There is no need to ③__________________get into a stew; everything will be all right. 没有必要烦恼,一切都会好起来的。
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④The hungry children were ______________food. in need of 这些饥饿的孩子需要食物。 be in trouble ⑤If I don't get this finished in time,I'll ______________. 我如果不能及时完成就要倒霉了。

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3.provide sth for sb = provide sb with sth为某人提供某物 If you want to go camping, we can provide a tent for you. 如果你们去野营,我们可以提供给你们一顶帐篷。

It is the duty of the government to provide homes for old
people. 给老年人提供住房是政府的职责。 Somehow she managed to provide her children with food and clothing. 她总算设法使她的孩子有饭吃,有衣穿。
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He offered his life to his country. 他把生命献给祖国。 Canada and Australia supply England with food. 加拿大和澳大利亚向英国供应食品。

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【句型转换】
Our farm supplies the market with fruits and vegetables. = Our farm Provides ________fruits and vegetables________ the for market. with =Our farmprovides _______the market ______fruits and vegetables. offers =Our farm________the market fruits and vegetables. Offers fruits and vegetables________ to = Our farm________ the market.

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1.She was dying to see him again, but what_if he didn't want to see her?她急于再次见到他,可是如果他不想见她怎么

办?
What if ...要是??又怎样?如果??将会怎么样? What if it is true? 如果这是真的又该如何呢? What if he doesn't agree? 如果他不同意该怎么办呢?
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(1)(尤指令人不快的情况)如果??将会怎么样? You're still crazy about him. What if he falls in love with another woman? 你还在迷恋他。他若爱上别的女人,你怎么办? What if you were to run out of money? 假设你的钱用完了?你将怎么办呢?

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(2)(用于表示提出有益的建议)如果??怎么样? What if the sticks were to be tied together with ropes? 如果我们用绳子把那些棍棒绑起来会怎么样呢? What if I lend you the money? Wouldn't that make everything a lot simpler? 我借钱给你怎么样?这样所有的事情不就简单多了吗?

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(3)(用于表示认为某事不重要)如果??又怎么样?
What if I fail!即使我失败了又怎样!

He says he's fifteen years younger than I.So, what if he is?
他说他比我小15岁。所以如果是这样又怎么样呢?

What did you do that for?你为何做那件事? What about washing the car on Sunday? 礼拜天洗车怎么样?
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【感悟高考】
—I need to advertise for a roommate for next term.

—________? Mary is interested.
A.Why bother

(2011·天津,14)

B.Why not

C.So what
解析

D.What for

句意: —— 我需要登广告找个下个学期的室友。 —— 费

那个劲做什么?玛丽对此事感兴趣。why bother何必那么麻 烦,why not 为什么不呢;so what那又怎么样;what for为 什么。根据语境可确定选A项。 答案 A
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【翻译句子】 ①如果他现在回来怎么办? What if he comes back now? _______________________________________________ ②借点钱给我如何? What about lending me some money? _______________________________________________

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2.The gift you give is not something your loved one keeps but a voluntary contribution towards the lives of people who

really need it.你送的礼物不是给你所爱的人留念的,而是
给那些确实有需要的人的一项生活上的无偿捐助。 not...but...“ 不是 ??而是??”。 not 后的内容是被否定 的内容,but 后是被肯定的内容。 not...but...是一个词组,在句子中连接并列成分。

I don't need money but time now.
现在我需要的不是钱而是时间。
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【温馨提示】

not...but ...连接的并列成分作主语时,谓语要

与but后边的名词保持一致,即就近原则。 Not Tom but his parents want to go fishing tomorrow. 不是汤姆而是他的父母想明天去钓鱼。 Not Tom's parents but Tom wants to go fishing tomorrow. 不是汤姆的父母而是汤姆想明天去钓鱼。

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有此种用法的句型还有:

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What he does or what he says does not concern me.
他的行为或言谈都与我无关。

Neither you nor I am wrong.
你和我都没错。

Not only you but(also) he is wrong.
不仅你错了,他也错了。

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【翻译句子】
①不是你,而是你父亲该受责备。 Not you but your father is to blame. _________________________________________________ ②不是她,就是我去拿些粉笔。 Either she or I am going to fetch some chalks. _________________________________________________

③既不是你也不是他曾见过这人。 Neither you nor he has seen the person. _________________________________________________
④桌子上有一支铅笔和两支钢笔。 There is a pencil and two pens on the desk. _________________________________________________

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