铜梁一中 2018 级高三 10 月月考 英语试题
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最
佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读
1. What will the man probably do?
A. Visit Bill.
B. Going swimming.
2. What time is Alex supposed to arrive?
A. At 8:00.
B. At 7:30.
C. Play tennis. C. At 8:15.
3. Where will the speakers probably spend their vacation?
A. In China.
B. In Italy.
C. In Korea.
4. Which color MP4 player does the man want?
5. What’s the man doing?
A. Making an invitation.
B. Making an apology. C. Offering help.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分）
听下而 5 段对活或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项
秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。
6. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Mother and son.
B. Husband and wife.
C. Brother and sister.
7. What will the woman most probably do? A. Buy some flowers. B. Clean the house. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。
C. Make a card.
8. Why is the man tired? A. He stayed up late for work.
B. He got up too early.
C. He went to a party.
9. Which means of transport did the man take at first?
A. The subway.
B. The car.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。
C. The bus.
10. Why is the man a bit short on cash?
A. He bought a new phone. B. He didn’t get paid.
11. When will the woman pay the man back?
A. This Friday.
B. This Sunday.
C. He paid the rent. C. Next Wednesday.
12. How much more does the woman have to get?
听第 9 段材枓，回答第 13 至 16 题。
13. When was the first manned balloon launched?
A. In the 15th century.
B. In the 17th century.
C. In the 18th century.
14. Who was the first American to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean?
A. Charles Lindbergh.
B. Amelia Earhart.
C. John Glenn.
15. When did the first American woman travel into space?
A. In 1963.
B. In 1973.
C. In 1983.
16. What is the man’s attitude toward people living on another planet one day?
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
17. Where are under-eleven matches held? A. In the sports field. B. In the secret garden. C. In the village football field.
18. Why was the play equipment removed? A. It blocked the entrance to the garden. C. It was replaced with a car park.
B. It didn’t meet some regulations.
19. What can be found in the secret garden?
20. What is in the middle of the garden?
A. The tree house
B. The recycling centre.
C. The story teller’s chair.第二部分阅
读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的网个选项（A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。
A An egg sinks to the bottom if you drop it into a glass of ordinary drinking water but what happens if you add salt？The results are very interesting and can teach you some fun facts about density（密度）．
What you'll need：
*One egg*Water*Salt*A tall drinking glass Instructions：
Pour water into the glass until it is about half full． Mix in lots of salt （about 6 tablespoons）． Carefully pour in plain water until the glass is nearly full （be careful not to mix the salt water with the plain water）． Gently lower the egg into the water and watch what happens． What's happening？ Salt water is denser than ordinary tap water．The denser the liquid is，the easier it is for an object to float in it．When you lower the egg into the liquid it drops through the normal tap water until it reaches the salt water，at this point the water is dense enough for the egg to float．If you were careful when you added the tap water to the salt water，they will not have mixed，enabling the egg to amazingly float in the middle of the glass． 21．Which of the following is the CORRECT order？ ①Mix in lots of salt． ②Gently lower the egg into the water． ③Carefully pour in plain water until the glass is nearly full． ④Pour water into the glass until it is about half full． A．④②①③ B．④①③② C．①④③② D．③④①② 22．What will happen if you drop an egg into a glass of water with about 6 tablespoons of salt？ A．It will float in the water． C．Nothing will happen． B．It will sink to the bottom． D．The result is not known． 23．Why can the egg float in the water according to the passage？ A．Because ordinary tap water is denser than salt water． B．Because ordinary tap water is as dense as salt water． C．Because the denser the liquid is，the easier it is for an object to float in it． D．Because the more the liquid there is，the easier it is for an object to float in it．
B Cleaning your plate may not help feed hungry children today, but the timeworn advice of mothers everywhere may help reduce food waste from the farm to the fork, help the environment and make it easier to feed the word’s growing population. Hard data still being collected, but experts in Chicago said about 30% to 50% of the food produced in the world goes uneaten. The average American throws away 33 pounds of food each month—about $40 worth, which means each person throws away almost 400 pounds of food. The US Department of Agriculture says that 23% of eggs and an even higher percentage of produce ends up in the trash.
“We forget we have all these fresh fruits and vegetables, and at the end of the week we have to
throw them away”, said Esther Gove, a mother of three young children in South Berwick, Maine. “Now, I
don’t buy as much fresh produce as I used to.”
But the effect of food waste arrives far beyond the kitchen. Agriculture is the world’s largest user of
water, a big consumer of energy and chemicals and major emitter of greenhouse gases during
production. Experts say reducing waste is a simple way to cut stress on the environment and can ease
pressure on farmers, who will be called on to feed an expected 9 billion people around the world in 2050,
compared with nearly 7 billion today.
No matter how sustainable(可持续的) farming is, if the food’s not getting eaten, it’s not sustainable
and it’s not a good use of our resources. In richer nations, fruit and vegetables end up in the trash
because they are not pretty enough to meet companies’ standards, have gone bad in a home
refrigerator or aren’t eaten at a restaurant. In developing countries, much food spoils before it gets to
market due to poor roads and lack of refrigeration. High food prices are another reason, since some
people can’t afford the food that’s produced.
24. From the first paragraph, we know that cleaning your plate ____________.
A. is your mother’s best advice for you
B. can solve certain problems for the world
C. can help feed hungry children all over the world
D. helps meet the growing population’s needs
25. The underlined word “emitter” in Paragraph 4 means ___________.
A. user B. finder C. protector D. producer
26. What is a sustainable and convenient way for a customer in a restaurant?
A. Ordering enough and packing the leftovers.
B. Ordering more than he or she can eat.
C. Ordering less and feeling hungry after leaving.
D. Ordering more and leaving the untouched alone.
27. Which of the following topics will follow the text?
A. More examples of food waste.
B. Experts’ idea on the environment.
C. Ways to reduce food waste.
D. Advice for food with high prices.
The term“helicopter parents”refers to“a style of parents who are over focused on their children”
Helicopter parents are always making a big push to provide children with every opportunity to
succeed，from baby steps at age 1，homework at age 8，college application at age 18，employment issues
at age 25 to family problems at age 30，40 or even older．They constantly shadow the child，always
directing his behavior，allowing him zero alone time. Helicopter parenting can develop for a number of reasons．Worries about the economy，the job
market，and the world in general can push parents toward taking more control over their child’s life in an attempt to protect them．Adults who felt unloved or ignored as children can overcompensate with their own children．When parents see other overinvolved parents，it can cause a similar response．They feel that if they don’t involve themselves in their children’s lives，they are bad parents．
The main problem with helicopter parenting is that it can backfire．To give an example，the house where Mary lived with roommates was broken into and things were stolen．Mary called the landlord(房 东)to install an alarm system，but before she could finish the negotiations(协商)，her mother rushed in and demanded action．“I felt like my mother ruined my communication with our landlord．We could have gotten it done ourselves．She was well intended but only made me feel annoyed and defeated，” says Mary．
Obviously，over parenting is motivated with the idea of doing good things but it does the exact opposite．In the long run parents are actually damaging their child’s basic skills to deal with matters independently．It makes the child feel lacking in confidence，less competent in dealing with the stresses of life on their own．They’re winning the battle，but actually losing the war． 28．What’s the purpose of helicopter parents’ over parenting?
A．To do something good for their children． B．To make their children not ignored． C．To help their children find a good job． D．To get rid of the pressure from other parents． 29．What can we learn from the passage? A．Children who have helicopter parents live a hard life． B．Helicopter parenting only happens to very young children． C．Helicopter parents can protect their children against all problems． D．Helicopter parents do their children great harm in the long run． 30．What will possibly be discussed in the paragraph that follows? A．The bad effects of helicopter parenting． B．How we can avoid being helicopter parents． C．Different opinions about helicopter parenting． D．The reasons for the development of helicopter parents． 31．What is the author’s attitude towards“helicopter parenting”? A．Uninterested． B．Objective． C．Positive． D．Disapproving．
D Are you a social media addict? Are you always checking your smartphone to see how many 'likes' you've received for your latest post? Maybe you feel comforted by the notification sound that someone has sent you a message? Don't worry, you're not alone. We check our phones an average of 150 times a day, and around 30% of the total time spent online is dedicated to social media. Some experts now fear this habit could be damaging our mental health. This is something particularly afflicting（使受苦） young adults, according to a study from the University of Pittsburgh. It found the more they used social media, the more likely they are to be depressed. In tests, those people who checked social media frequently were 2.7 times more likely to be depressed compared to those who spent most of their time generally surfing the internet, who had just 1.7 times the risk.” Some of us certainly feel sad when we're ignored on social media sites, or when we see someone else having a better time than us. But depression is a more serious condition and clinical psychologist, Abigael San, recently told the BBC that, "It’s a real issue, and it’s been getting significantly worse over the last 5-6 years. You can get so hooked（上瘾的） that it takes you away from your real relationships." However, Abigael does admit that social media is more likely to exacerbate（使恶化） pre-existing（既 往病史） issues than directly cause them. Other research by Glasgow University found that teenagers are affected by the 24-hour demands of their social media accounts. It found that those with higher levels of emotional investment in social media, and who use it at night, were more likely to feel depressed and anxious. Despite these warning signs, why do some of us continue to keep clicking? Well, I suppose we all want to be liked and we don't want to miss out on a conversation that's taking place online. But we need to know when to switch off our virtual（虚拟的） online world and connect with the real world instead. 32. Who is more likely to be depressed according to the study? A. People checking social media frequently. B. People surfing the Internet regularly. C. People receiving a few “likes” for their posts. D. People longing for more messages. 33. Why does the author give a quote from Abigael San in Para.4? A. To introduce the coming topic. B. To give a more supporting example. C. To stress the importance of social media. D. To explain the cause of a social media addict.
34. Why do people get addicted to social media according to the author?
A. Because they have more time and money.
B. Because the virtual world is much more attractive.
C. Because they want to attract more attention.
D. Because emotional investment in social media benefits them.
35. What’s the passage mainly about?
A. It’s common for teenagers to be a social addict.
B. Using smartphones does harm to people’s health.
C. It’s better to stay away from virtual online world.
D. Social media addiction contributes to depression.
第二节（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
There are many ways to fame. Whatever your own recipe (秘诀) is, if you want to make it really big,
don’t follow in anyone else’s footprints. 36 .
1. Do something unusual
Celebrity(成名, 名人) is all about standing out from the crowd. 37
started it all off 150 years ago. He walked a tightrope(钢丝) across the Niagara Falls to the American side,
in front of over 10,000 breathless viewers. After his success, Blondin crossed the Falls many more times
in a variety of ways: in chains, on a bicycle, and once, blindfolded.
2. Discover something
The bad news is that there are no countries left to discover. The good news is that in the rainforest
of Brazil, there are about three million unnamed types of beetle. One of them could be yours. 38
Though no one will enjoy hearing your name, you will be famous at least until someone comes along
and discovers a cure.
3. Appear on reality TV
39 The growth of “reality TV” shows like Big Brother which star ordinary people, means
that anyone can possibly become a star. 40 While the show is being broadcast, you’re the
biggest star on earth, but once it is over, your glamour disappears, and the life of being a nobody is
waiting round the corner.
A. They bring you fame at the speed of light, but it fades just as fast.
B. What will make someone remember you?
C. Or discover a deadly disease and give it your name.
D. What really counts is to explore a unique path.
E. There have never been more chances for “regular” people to become famous.
F. Do something out of the ordinary and you’ll get your piece of fame.
G. Try attending an event that addresses something you don’t know much about.
第一节完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,
A lovely little girl was holding two apples with both hands. Her mum came in and 41 asked
her little daughter with a smile, “My sweetie, could you give your mum one of your two apples?” The girl
looked 42 at her mum for some seconds, then she suddenly took a quick 43 on one apple, and
then quickly on the other. The mum felt the smile on her face 44 . She tried hard not to show her 45 .
Then the little girl handed one of her 46 apples to her mum, and said, “Mummy, here you are. This is
the 47 one.”
No matter who you are, how experienced you are, and how knowledgeable you think you are,
always 48 judgment. Give others the privilege to 49 themselves. What you see may not be the
50 . Never conclude for others, which is why we should never only 51 the surface and judge
others without understanding them 52 .
Those who like to pay the bill, do so not because they are loaded, but because they value 53
above money. Those who 54 first after a fight, do so not because they are wrong but because they
value the people around them. Those who often text you, do so not because they have 55 better to do
but because you are in their heart.
One day, all of us will get 56 from each other; we will miss our conversations of everything
and nothing, the 57 that we had. Days will pass by, months, years, 58 this contact becomes rare...
One day our children will see our 59 and ask “Who are these people?” And we will smile with
invisible tears because a heart is touched with a strong word and you will say, “ 60 WAS THEM
THAT I HAD THE BEST DAYS OF MY LIFE WITH!”
41. A. softly
42. A. down
43. A. look
44. A. remain
45. A. satisfaction B. confusion
46. A. rotten
47. A. juicer
48. A. offer
49. A. criticize
50. A. reality
51. A. focus on
B. hold up
C. work out
D. give up
52. A. wrong
53. A. material
54. A. apologize B. suffer
55. A. something B. anything
56. A. lost
57. A. dreams
58. A. when
59. A. articles
60. A. WHAT
C. THAT 第Ⅱ卷
第二节（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
An old proverb says, “Friends are like wine; the older, the better.” So, nowadays many people
consider older friends to be 61 (important) than new friends. For example, if two pieces of
advice 62 (give) to solve a problem, one from a new friend and the other from 63 old
friend, people always tend to adapt the latter one, although the new friend’s advice may be better.
64 (disagree) with the old proverb, I believe that new friends are not 65 (necessary)
worse than old friends. Why? Because the 66 (long) of time can not determine whether your
friendship is better or not.
Once you call someone friend, he must be a reliable person, 67 interests are in common with
68 (you). As time goes by, a friend’s outside look may change, but the inside characters 69 him
and his interests will not change. It is just these unchangeable characters and interests
make him a friend to you. Thus, on this point, there is no difference between old and new friends. 第四部分 写作(共两节，满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
Every high school student wants to get into famous universities and they spend most of their time
review lessons. Nowadays, many graduates find hard to be admitted to famous universities. To be honest,
only the small number of students can get so golden chances. Therefore, I have a strong desire to enter for Beijing University to study. To make my dream come true, I have to know my strength and weaknesses. Besides, I must work hard or put all my time and energy into study. Most important, I must arrange my time properly. I was approaching my dream university with every effort.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假定你是李华，你的美国朋友 Tom 最近在某电视台(TV station)举办的汉语演讲比赛中获得第 一名，他的努力和决心给了你重要的人生启迪。请写信向他表示祝贺与感谢。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.格式已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Tom, ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________
Yours, Li Hua
铜梁一中高 2018 级高三 10 月月考英语答案
听力：1-5 : BABCA
11-15: CBCAC 16-20: BCBAC
21---23 BAC 24---27 BDAC 28---31ADBD 32---35 ABCD
完型填空：41-45: ABBCD 46-50: BDCDA
51-55: ACBAB 56-60: CABCD 短文填空：61. more important 62. are given 63. an
64. Disagreeing 65. necessarily 66. length
67. whose 68. yours 69. of
71. review → reviewing 72. find 后加 it
73. the → a
74. so → such 75. Therefore → However 76. 去掉 for
77. strength → strengths 79. important → importantly
78. or → and 80. was → am
Congratulations to you on your winning first place
in the Chinese Speech Competition held recently. It is no wonder that you
have made such great progress in your Chinese study, because you have been
working hard and are never willing to give up.
To be honest, what I admire most is your hard work
and determination. It’s from you that I have learned a
valuable lesson, that is, “No pains, no gains.”Therefore,
I would like to express my sincere thanks to you for what
You have taught me.