New Concept English
An exciting trip
I.Key words exciting, receive, firm, different… II.Key structures The present perfect simple现在完成时
明信片 postcard 损坏 spoil
服务员 waiter 借给 lend
决定 decision 整个的 whole
exciting adj. 令人兴奋的
-ed自己感到 interested, bored, -ing令人感到interesting,boring, e.g. I am interested in this book. This is an interesting book.
e.g. receive a letter (from sb.)
This morning I receive a bunch of flowers. 同义 accept同意，接受（主观） e.g. This morning I received a bunch of flowers but I didn’t accept it.
firm n.商行，公司 law firm法律公司 company公司 different adj.不同的—— same相同的 adv. differently, n. difference e.g. My coat is different from yours.
centre n.中心，中央（美式center） adj. central中央的，中心的 e.g. in the centre (of sp), central park, the city centre abroad adv. 在国外 e.g. go abroad, study abroad live abroad, be abroad
1. I have just received a letter from my brother. 收到某人来信 get a letter from sb. have a letter from sb.
hear from sb. 2.He is working for a big firm. 在…上班、任职,还可以用work at/in e.g.My father works for a company.
3. he has already visited a great number of different places in Australia.
a number of+可数名词的复数，number前一般 可用large, great, small等形容词强调数量大小。
a great many of + 可数名词
A great number of students are fond of music.
A great number of boys like playing basketball.
4. He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice springs. He has gone to the south.(还在) He has been to the south.(去过)
比较 have/has been to , have/has gone to
He has gone to Shanghai. 他(已经)去上海了。
He has been to Shanghai. 他(曾经) 去过上海。
5. He is finding this trip very exciting. find+n+adj.觉得…怎么样 e.g. 1.I find the film disappointing 2.He finds the book very interesting? 3. We find him great. 4.I find the flowers beautiful.
I have just received a letter from my brother, Tim. He is in Australia. He has been there for six months. Tim is an engineer. He is working for a big firm and he has already visited a great number of different places in Australia. He has just bought an Australian car and has gone to Alice Springs, a small town in the centre of Australia. He will soon visit Darwin. From there, he will fly to Perth. My brother has never been abroad before, so he is finding this trip very exciting.
have just received I ________________a letter from my brother, Tim. for six has been He is in Australia. He __________there________ months is He ____________a ________. Tim is an engineer. working for has already _________________a great number big firm and hevisited of different places in Australia. He has gone to has just bought ______________an Australian car and __________ Alice Springs, a small town in the centre of will soon visit Australia. He _____________Darwin. From there, has never been he ___________Perth. My brother ______________ will fly to abroad before, so is finding he ___________this trip very exciting.
Winter has already come.
现在完成时的构成形式 助动词 过去 分词
用来表示之前已经发生或完成的动作或状态，而其结果却和 现在有联系: 动作或状态发生在过去,但它的影响现在还存在。
They have left. --他们已经离开了,也就是说现在他们人不在这里 I have had my lunch. --我已经吃过午饭了,也就是说我现在不饿
也可表示持续到现在的动作或状态。 He has learned English since 2001.
past now 一般过去时 future
1）一般过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或 单纯叙述过去的事情，强调动作； 现在完成时为过去发生的，强调过去的 事情对现在的影响，强调的是影响。
I saw this film yesterday. （强调看的动作发生过了。） I have seen this film. (强调对现在的影响，电影的内容已经知道了。
一般过去时的时间状语: yesterday, last week，…ago, in1990, in October, just now, … 具体的时间状语
现在完成时的时间状语: for, since, so far, never, ju already,yet, till/until, up to now, in the past few years, recently, … --模糊的时间 语
1)构成 肯定句：主语+have/has+过去分词+其它 He has been to Australia. 否定句：主语+have/has not+过去分词+其它 He has not been to Australia. 疑问句：Have/Has+主语+过去分词+其它
Has he been to Australia?
--Will you go shopping with me now? --Sorry, I can’t. I _____ my shirts.
B have washed
D am washing
How long have you ______ the magazine? About a week.
A found B borrowed C received D had
____ you _____ the film Harry Potter 5?
Not yet. I will see it this Sunday.
A Did, see B Are, seeing
C Have, seen D Do, see
How is Ann? I ____ her for a long time.
A don’t see B won’t see
C didn’t see D haven’t seen Hasn’t Betty come yet? No, and I ____ for her for nearly 2 hours. A wait B waited C have waited D had waited
Is Mr Baker at home? Sorry, he isn’t in. He ____ Dalian for vacation.
A has gone B went C is going D goes
Mr Zhang is a teacher of rich experience. He ___ English for 20 years. A has taught B will teach C teaches D taught
--How many times have you ____ to Xi’an?
A been B went C gone D go
I won’t forget my teacher because she ____ so kind to me since I came to this school.
A has been B will be C was D is
He _____ our school for two weeks. A left B has left C has been away from
-- My father ____Shanghai with my grandparents.
--Really? ____ will they come back? A has been to, How soon B has gone to, How soon C has been to , How long D has gone to, How long
She ___ that same song so many times. I’m getting sick of it! A sings B sang C will sing D has sung
--Mike, you ___ the magazine since last week. Can you return it now?
A borrowed B have borrowed C have kept
动词原形 cost[k?st] cut[k?t] hurt[h?:t]
过去式 cost[k?st] cut[k?t] hurt[h?:t]
过去分词 cost[k?st] cut[k?t] hurt[h?:t] 花费 割，切 受伤
let[let] put[put] read[ri:d]
let[let] put[put] Read[red]
let[let] put[put] read[red ]
让 放下 读
Spread [spred] spit[spit] shut[??t]
Spread [spred] spit/spat [spit] shut[??t]
Spread [spred] spit/spat [spit] shut[??t]
展开，传播，涂 吐痰, 关上, 闭起,停止营业
becam becom become[bi'k? e[bi'kei e[bi'k? m] m] m]
come[k?m] run[r?n] came[k come[k eim] ?m] ran[r? n] run[r?n ]
过去式 动词原形 burn[b?:n] deal[di:l] Dream [dri:m] hear[hi?] hang['h? ?] learn[l?:n] light['lait] mean[mi:n ] Prove [pru:v] shine[?ain] show[??u] smell speed burnt[b?:nt] dealt[delt] dreamed/drea mt heard[h?:d] hanged/ hung[h??] learned/learnt [l?:nt] lit/lighted[lit] meant[ment] proved shone/shined showed smelled/smelt sped[sped]/sp
过去分词 burnt[b?:nt] dealt[delt] dreamed/dreamt [dremt] heard[h?:d] hanged/ hung learned/learnt [l?:nt] lit/lighted[lit] meant[ment] proven/prov ['pru:v?n] shone/shined[??un, ? showed/shown['??un] smelled/smelt[smelt] sped/speeded[sped] 燃烧 解决 做梦 听见 绞死，悬挂 学习 点燃, 照亮 意思 证明, 证实,试验 使照耀，使发光 展示, 给...看 闻, 嗅 加速