四川省宜宾市一中2018-2019年高中英语上学期第10周 The Third Period Speaking教学设计
必修 4 模块 5
2. 学会分析句子和归纳总结知识点。 1. 重点：重点短语和语言点的理解和运用； 2. 难点：句子的分析和知识点的归纳；
The Third Period Speaking
Teaching goals 教学目标
1. Target language 目标语言
be allowed to, be forbidden to, be required to, be necessary to
Talking about obligation, permission and prohibition:
You have to ... / You don’t have to...
It is necessary to ... / It’s not necessary to...
You are required to ... / You aren’t required to...
You can / may /must / should...
You’re allowed to ... / You aren’t allowed to...
You can’t / mustn’t / shouldn’t...
You’re forbidden to ... / It’s against the rules to...
2. Ability goals 能力目标
a. Talk about obligation, permission and prohibition.
b. Talk about the rules in public places.
c. Write some rules for travelers.
3. Learning ability goals 学能目标
a. Learn how to talk about obligation, permission and prohibition.
b. Help the Ss learn how to talk about the rules in public places.
c. Help the Ss learn how to write some rules for travelers.
Teaching important points 教学重点
a. Let Ss learn to use the structures of expressing obligation, permission and prohibition. b. Teach the Ss how to talk about the rules in public places. c. Help the Ss to write some rules for travelers. Teaching methods 教学方法 a. Pairs work and group work; b. Discussion and cooperative learning. Teaching aids 教具准备
A computer, a projector. Teaching procedures & ways Step I Revision Check up the homework for the last class. T: Now, let’s check up your homework for the last class. First, I’d like some of you to check it with your partner. A few minutes later T: All right. Let’s check it with the whole class. Step II Listening Ask the students to listen to a conversation about the Three Gorges. Then ask them to practise Activity 1 and 2 on Page 45. T: After reading the passage about the Three Gorges, we’ve known some relative knowledge. Today we’re going to listen to a conversation about it. T: Now please listen to the conversation for the first time, and decide where the speakers are. Ss: (Omitted) T: Good job. Now please listen to the conversation for the second time. Then tick the things you can do on a classic Three Gorges cruise. Ss: (Omitted) Step III Function Ask the students to practise Activity 1 in FUNCTION, and find out the useful expressions about obligation, permission and prohibition. Then find more examples
in the reading passage on Page 42.
T: Now let’s practise Activity 1 in FUNCTION, and find out the useful expressions
about obligation, permission and prohibition in pairs.
A few minutes later
T: All right. Let’s check up the answers with the whole class.
T: Now please discuss with your partner to speak out more expressions about
obligation, permission and prohibition.
Show the expressions on the screen.
You must / have to ... It’s not necessary to ...
You are required to ... You don’t have to ...
It is necessary to ... You aren’t required to ...
You’re allowed to ... You aren’t allowed to ...
You can / may ...
You can’t / shouldn’t ...
You can’t / mustn’t ...
You’re forbidden to ...
It’s against the rules
T: OK. Let’s find more examples in the reading passage on Page 42.
T: Now, let’s show the examples.
T: You’re quite right. You’ve done an excellent job.
Step IV Speaking
First ask the students to describe the signs in pairs. Then ask them to talk about
rules in the given situations in groups of 4.
T: Please look at the signs on Page 46 and try to speak out what they mean.
T: Now I’ll ask some of you to describe the signs for the whole class.
T: Great. Now let’s talk about the rules in the given situations in groups of 4.
Each group may choose one of the situations. Try to use the expressions about obligation, permission and prohibition. They are having the discussion. T: All right. Who’d like to talk about the rules at the airport? S1: You should be at the airport at least one hour before the departure. S2: Per passenger is allowed to bring only one carry-on. S3: You are allowed at most 50 pounds of baggage. S4: You are required to take your passport and ID card. S5: You don’t have to pay duty on personal belongings. T: Well done. How about on the train? S1: You’re not allowed to talk loudly in the carriage. S2: You shouldn’t throw the rubbish everywhere. S3: It’s forbidden to bring the fuels or the crackers on the train. S4: You mustn’t smoke in the car of the trains. T: Good job. What should you do when you leave the country? S1: You have to learn about the travel agents, transportations and travel insurance. S2: You’re required to learn about the places that you plan to visit, such as the
language, history, culture, customs and politics. S3: It’s necessary for you to take your ID card, passport, enough money (credit
card or traveler’s check), and medicine. S4: You should know about the lodging, organized programmers. T: Excellent. Now who can tell us some rules in our school? Ss: Students should wear school uniforms at school. Teachers aren’t allowed to hit students. Students mustn’t ride bikes at school. Students mustn’t smoke at school. Students mustn’t go to the net bars. Students mustn’t cheat in the exam. Students shouldn’t talk with each other during the test. Students shouldn’t talk loudly in the library.
Students can’t play computer games in the computer lab. Students don’t have to make an appointment to see the teachers in their offices. Students can’t speak their native languages in the foreign language classes. Students are required to have a written excuse for an absence. T: Terrific! I think all of us should obey the rules in our school. Step V Pronunciation There are four tasks for the students to finish. For Activity 1, ask the students to repeat the questions. For Activity 2, 3 and 4, ask the students to mark where the speaker pauses at each sense group. And then say the sentences aloud. T: Now we’re going to do some pronunciation work. First of all, I’ll ask you a
question. How do we read the long sentences? S1: A long sentence is usually made up of several parts. We should pause at the end
of each part. T: Yes, you’re right. Who’d like to give us some examples about the parts? S2: Some phrases, idioms, clauses and so on. T: Quite good. In English we call them “sense group” It means each group is relative
independent or acts as the same function all together in the whole sentences. When we read the long sentences, we should pause at the end of each sense group. Now let’s take one sentence in Activity 1 for example. Write down the sentence on the blackboard. T: Can you tell me something about the boats? In this sentence, we can divide it into two parts. “Can you tell me” and “something about the boats”, in which the second part acts as the object of the whole sentence. So we need to pause at the end of a sense group. You shouldn’t pause in the middle of a sense group. Are you clear? Ss: Yes, Sir / Madam. T: Now let’s practise Activity 1. Please try to repeat the questions, paying attention to the sense groups. T: Now let’s practise Activity 2. Please try to say the sentences aloud, paying
attention to the sense groups. T: For Activity 3, you should mark where the speaker pauses at each sense group.
And then say the sentences aloud. T: Now let’s practise Activity 4. Say the sentences aloud, paying attention to pause
at the end of each sense group. Step VI Homework After class, ask the students to write some rules for travelers arriving in their town. First you should ask them to think of the things given in the textbooks. Then get them to talk about some rules for these things in groups of 4. T: Homework for today. After class, you are required to finish the Task on Page 50. Suppose a foreigner visits your place. You must make a social invitation and study in groups of 4. After discussion, write down the rules for the foreign travelers.
The Fourth Period Reading (II) Teaching goals 教学目标 CULTURAL COUNER and A Nile Cruise in Workbook 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语 view, naturally, pin, torch, rip off, get a kick out of b. 重点句子 I’m allowed to stick one in only if I’ve been in a place for more than 24 hours. P49 There’s a saying ... that all tourists are ripped off. P49 Wherever he goes ... takes with him a photo of his wife, ... P49 2. Ability goals 能力目标 a. Enable the Ss to talk about advantages and disadvantages of traveling transportation. b. Enable the Ss to guess the meaning of the expressions in EVERYDAY ENGLISH. c. Enable the Ss to discuss the questions about the passage: What does McCorquodale like doing when he travels? What type of cruise did the writer choose and why?
What are the disadvantages of this type of cruise? 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 a. Help the students learn how to know about advantages and disadvantages of traveling transportation. b. Help the students learn how to guess the meaning of the expressions in Everyday English from the context. c. Help the students learn how to answer the questions. Teaching important points 教学重点 a. Get the meanings of the words from the context. b. Discuss the answers to the questions. Teaching difficult points 教学难点 Talk about advantages and disadvantages of traveling transportation. Teaching methods 教学方法 a. Fast reading; b. Dealing with comprehension questions; c. Discussion; d. Student-centered vocabulary learning. Teaching aids 教具准备 A projector, a computer, a recorder. Teaching procedures & ways Step I Revision Check the homework First you should think of the things. Ask the students to discuss some rules for travelers arriving in their town in groups of 4. They may fill in the following form. After discussion, present their rules for the foreign travelers. Give some comments and encouragement. T: Now let’s check up homework for the last class. You are required to finish TASK
on Page 50. Suppose a foreigner visits your place. First you should think of the things. Then I’d like you to talk about some rules for these things. You may fill in the following form.
Show the form on the screen.
Take carry-on baggage;
Forget to sign the Immigration Form;
Go through entry formalities; Change money with strangers;
Go through customs clearance; Lose your passport.
Reconfirm the visiting
Check in the hotel;
Carry too much cash;
Read the hotel hand-book;
Lend your passport to anyone;
Deposit valuables at the front Unlock your room while leaving.
Protect your passport;
Guard against thieves;
Hurt the living things;
Obey the laws and rules.
Smoke in the non-smoking place.
Show the address card of the hotel to the
from Go to the medical services for overseas
Getting help illness
Something stolen Report it to the police;
Report it to your embassy;
Report the loss of your bank card at once.
T: Now I’d like some groups of you to present you the rules for the foreign travelers.
Welcome to Taiyuan. When you arrive in our city, first please take all your
carry-on baggage. Pay attention not to leave your longings at the airport or the
station. Second, you’re required to go to the Immigration Service to go through
entry formalities. You mustn’t lose your passport and Immigration Form. Third, you should go to the customs to go through customs clearance. Never change money with individuals you don’t know.
If you prefer independent traveling, you may feel more exciting and interesting and don’t need to waste a lot of time at gift shops and restaurants. It’s also convenient for you to arrange the things you want to do freely. You may stay in a five star hotel like International Trade Building and Jinggang Hotel. They will give you best service in Taiyuan. You can make your plan to visit Jinci Temple, Mt. Tian long, Shanxi Provincial Museum and Chongshan Si. You can go shopping in the Huayu Shopping Centre. If you enjoy traveling on tour, China International Travel Service Shanxi Branch will send the guide to make your visit here the most pleasant possible. After arriving, the guide will welcome you and send you to the hotel. You’d better reconfirm the visiting programs.
After checking-in at the hotel, you should read the hotel handbook in order to know all the hotel services, including the laundry, room service, housekeeping and so on. To keep your safety, you should deposit valuables at the front desk for fear that you should lose them. You mustn’t carry too much cash on you to the crowded public places. You are required to protect your passport. You can enclose a paper card in your bag, on which your name, your telephone number and the address of the hotel are written. Never lend it to anyone. You shouldn’t forget to lock your room while leaving.
While visiting in Taiyuan, you should obey the law and the rules. You are required to protect the environment. You aren’t allowed to litter. Please don’t hurt the living things. You can’t smoke in the non-smoking place. It’s necessary for you to protect your passport and guard against thieves carefully.
In times of troubles, we can help you in different ways. In case you get lost, show your address card of the hotel to taxi drivers, passers-by or policemen. If you suffer from illness, you may go to the medical services for overseas visitors to get satisfied treatment. If your passport is stolen, you must report it to your embassy here to issue you a new one. If your bankcard is missing, please report the
loss of your cad at once. If your money or valuables are stolen, you should report it to the police right now.
We sincerely hope that your experience has been rewarding. We highly appreciate your understanding and cooperation. Thank you for your visit. Step II Cultural Corner Pre-reading Ask the students to talk about traveling in pairs. Get to know what they like doing when they travel. T: I think most of people like to travel. How about you? Now I’d like you to talk
something about it. I’ll show you some questions on the screen. You may discuss them with your partner. Show some questions on the screen. Do you like traveling? Why or why not? Where have you ever been? What do you like doing when you travel? After discussion T: All right, I’d like some of you answer the questions. What’s your answer to Question 1? S1: Yes, very much. I like enjoying the natural scenery and seeing how other people live. S2: I think the more I travel, the more I want to travel. Because it’s really amazing to learn about different cultures. S3: No, not really. I mean, I like going to different places but I’d rather just stay there for a long time like a year. S4: I don’t like it. Because I think it will take me much money and time to travel. I just like to watch some TV program about traveling. I think when you travel you just get an image but you won’t really ever feel the reality. S5: Of course I like it. Because it’s much more exciting than just reading about them in a textbook.
T: Sound reasonable. Next question? S1: I’ve been to most of the major cities in China like Shanghai and Beijing. S2: I’ve traveled to Thailand and Singapore. S3: I’ve been to Mt Taishan. It’s very beautiful. T: Quite good. What do you like doing when you travel? S1: I enjoy climbing mountains and rowing a boat with my family. S2: I like to go hunting in the wilderness. S3: I think it’s more interesting to go camping and have a picnic. S4: I’d like to taste the delicious local food. S5: My favorite activity is to visit some museums and learn more knowledge. T: Terrific! While-reading Ask the students to read the passage in CULTURAL CORNER on Page 49. Then find out what the writer like doing when he travels. T: Now I’d like to ask you to read the passage of Cultural Corner on Page 49. Then
please answer the following questions in pairs. Show the questions on the screen.
1. What does the writer like doing when he travels? Why? 2. On what condition does he stick a pin in map? 3. What does he take with him wherever he goes? After a few minutes T: Who’d like to answer the first question? S1: He enjoys writing just a short message to himself and sending postcards to
himself. T: Quite right. Who can tell us the reason? S2: Because he likes the beautiful views on the postcard. S3: I don’t think so. He likes the interesting stamps on the postcard. S4: He does it just for the travel and he get a kick out of it. T: I agree with S4. The writer does many things all for the journey. Next one?
S5: He sticks a pin in the map only if he has been in a place for over 24 hours. T: Very good. How about the last question? S6: A photo of his wife, a candle, a torch, a shirt with a secret pocket and a pen. T: Exactly. Post-reading Guide the students to find out the expressions from A Trip Along the Three Gorges and Postcards to Myself. And then ask them to guess the meanings of them from the context according to the reference expressions. T: Now, let’s learn about Everyday English on Page 48. First find out the expressions
from A Trip Along the Three Gorges and Postcards to Myself. T: OK, please read the contexts and choose what they mean from the given explanations with your partner. Check the answer with the whole class. Step III Reading Pre-reading First, ask the students to talk about which type of transportation they prefer for traveling around. Second, let them discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a river cruise on the boats. Finally, get them to read the passage about A Nile Cruise and find out the answers to the questions on Page 94. T: Which type of transportation do you prefer for traveling around? S1: Trains are better because they don’t encounter any traffic jams. With a train
you have a better chance of getting a seat during peak hours. S2: I sometimes take a bus, but it is always difficult to get on buses during peak
hours. S3: For a long trip, I prefer planes. It’s expensive but comfortable. T: Quite good. Have you ever had a river cruise on the boats? Please look at the
pictures on Page 93. Now let’s talk about the advantages and disadvantages of them and fill in the form. I’ll show you some useful expressions and the form on the screen. Show them on the screen.
Talking about advantages and disadvantages The advantages of ... are ... but the disadvantages are ... The good thing about it is that ... The bad thing about it is that ... While it may be nice to ..., I think it is also quite ...
Cruiser Safe and relax Expensive
T: Now I’ll ask some of you to speak out the advantages and disadvantages of the
two types of traveling. Who are volunteers?
S1: The advantages of a cruiser are safe and comfortable. But the disadvantages are
not very exciting.
S2: It will be more adventurous to have a cruise by felucca. But you have to be careful
not to hit rocks, trees and other dangers.
S3: The good thing about a felucca is that it’s convenient for you to ashore. The
bad thing about it is that you must find another place to stay overnight.
S4: While it may be relax to take a cruiser, I think it is also quite clean.
S5: Traveling by felucca is too dangerous and difficult. You mustn’t go boating
unless you know how to swim, and you should always wear a life jacket.
T: If you go on a trip along a river, what type of transportation do you prefer?
What would you like to do?
S6: Well, I’d probably first hire out a boat and go cruising. And then I would go
diving. I would like to spend a lot of time down there, just exploring the
different kinds of underwater beauty.
S7: I prefer to travel by cruiser. Because it will make me feel comfortable and happy
with relaxation. I can enjoy the beautiful scenes and take some photos of them.
Ask the students to read another passages about traveling. Ask them to make notes
about the traveling by filling in the form.
T: Today we’re going to read another passages about traveling. Please make notes
and fill in the given form.
Show the form on the screen.
Four-day trip from Aswan to Luxor
1st Fertile region
Saw beautiful and peaceful scenes.
Visited a market;
Bought some fruit;
The Nile Valley
Visited an ancient temple.
Felt tired, dirty but happy.
A few minutes later, check the answers with the whole class.
Ask the students to find out the disadvantages of the type the writer chose, answering
the questions on Page 94. Finally, correct the false sentences.
T: Now would you please try to find out the disadvantages of the type the writer
chose with your partners.
T: All right. It’s time for you to answer the questions on Page 94. Who’d like
to answer Question 1? S1: He chose to sail on a felucca because it can only carry about ten people. It
wasn’t crowded. S2: It’s the traditional sailing boat used for centuries. T: Good job. Are you sure of the advantages of a cruise by felucca? S3: Yes. It’s too tired and dirty. S4: I think it’s uncomfortable without a cabin. Correct the false sentences with the whole class. T: Quite right. Now let’s correct the false sentences with the whole class. Step IV Homework 1. Ask the students to choose any country and imagine to be there. Write a short postcard to themselves. 2. Preview the Vocabulary in Workbook on Page 92.