辽宁省葫芦岛市第一高级中学 2015-2016 学年高二上学期期中考试
命题人： 杨敏 李国巍 第二部分 校对人：杨敏 李国巍 阅读理解（共两节，满分４０分） 第一节（共１５小题；每小题２分，满分３０分） A The morning had been a disaster. My tooth was aching, and I’d been in an argument with a friend. Her words still hurt：“The trouble with you is that you won’t put yourself in my place. Can’t you see things from my point of view?”I shook my head stubbornly（固执地） —and felt the ache in my tooth. I’d thought I could hold out till my dentist came back from holiday, but the pain was really unbearable. I started calling the dentists in the phone book, but no one could see me immediately. Finally, at about lunchtime, I got lucky.“If you come by right now,” the receptionist （接 待员） said,“ the dentist will fit you in .” I took my purse and keys and rushed to my car. But suddenly I began to doubt about the dentist. What kind of dentist would be so eager to treat someone at such short notice? Why wasn’t he as busy as the others?In the dentist’s office, I sat down and looked around. I saw nothing but the bare walls and I became even more worried. The assistant noticed my nervousness and placed her warm hand over my ice-cold one. When I told her my fears, she laughed and said ,“Don’t worry. The dentist is very good.” “How long do I have to wait for him?”I asked impatiently. “Come on ,he is coming. Just lie down and relax. And enjoy the artwork,” the assistant said. “The artwork?”I was puzzled. The chair went back, suddenly I smiled. There was a beautiful picture, right where I could enjoy it ：on the ceiling. How considerate the dentist was ! At that moment, I began to understand what my friend meant by her words. What a relief! 1.Which of the following best describes the author’s feeling that morning? A. Cheerful. B. Nervous. C. Satisfied. D. Upset. 2.What made the author begin to doubt about the dentist? A. The dentist’s agreeing to treat her at very short notice. B. The dentist’s being as busy as the other dentists. C. The surroundings of the dentist’s office. D. The laughing assistant of the dentist. 3.Why did the author suddenly smile? A. Because the dentist came at last. B. Because she saw a picture on the ceiling.
C. Because she could relax in the chair. D. Because the assistant kept comforting her. 4.What did the author learn from her experience most probably? A. Strike while the iron is hot. B. Do not tell a book by its cover. C. Put oneself in other’s shoes D. A friend in need is a friend indeed. B Any list of the world’s top ten most famous paintings will surely include da Vinci’s Mona Lisa. Part of the painting’s attraction is its mystery. Those lucky enough to have a view of the Mona Lisa at the Louvre often stare in awe （敬畏）, surprised by the smile that seems to flicker（忽隐忽现）．Staring at a reproduction of the work producesthe same effect．Now she's smiling, then she's not． What's the deal with Mona Lisa's smile? Harvard scientist Margaret Livingstone is pretty sure she's solved the puzzle．After careful studies on human brains, Livingstone reasoned that the famous painting's flickering smile is caused by the way human beings see． Our eyes use two separate regions （部位） to see． One is central vision （视力； 视觉）, used to see colors and pick out details such as fine print．The other is the vision around, used to observe lights, shadows, black and white contrasts． When we look at a person's face, according to Livingstone, we usually focus centrally on the eyes． Staring at Mona Lisa's eyes, our less accurate vision notices the mouth, picking up shadows from the cheekbones．The shadows play tricks, looking like a smile．But when we look directly at the mouth, our central vision doesn't see the shadows, and so the smile suddenly disappears．As our eyes observe different parts of the painting, Mona's smile seems to show up or disappear． Did da Vinci intend to create this flickering smile effect? Perhaps． In any case, he was talented enough to paint shadows so good as to puzzle viewers for centuries．Meanwhile, Mona Lisa will keep smiling．And not． 5．Staring at Mona Lisa, people are amazed because _____． A．it is one of the world's top ten most famous paintings B．Mona Lisa's smile seems to disappear sometimes C．they are lucky enough to have a view at the Louvre D．the reproduction of the work produces the same effect 6．According to the passage, the use of the central vision is to ______． A． observe different colors and findout details C. see black and white contrasts B． enjoy lights and fine printD. enjoy fine paintings 7．What can you infer from the passage? A．Da Vinci created the flickering smile effect by design． B．The flickering smile effect is caused by the shadows． C．Our eyes use many separate regions to see paintings． D．Mona Lisa is the most famous painting in the world． C When we think someone is smart, we say they have a big brain. But are there any facts to prove that statement?
Yes！In a new study done by Michael McDaniel，a psychologist at Virginia Commonwealth University，bigger does mean smarter. “For all ages and sex groups，”he says，“it is now very clear that intelligence has something to do with brain volume（容量）.” McDaniel reached his conclusion after measuring the size and volumeof 26 brains with the help of some instruments. He then used standard IQ tests tomeasure the intelligence of the owners of these brains. But do IQ tests really reveal intelligence？McDaniel believes that they do， andhere are other studies to back up that point of view.One study last year found that IQ is related to the amount and distribution（分布）of gray matter in the brain. The study showed that the amount of gray matter in certain places was strongly related to high IQ. The distribution of gray matter in thebrain, which is different for different people，could explain why one person with a high IQ is good at math but poor at spelling，while someone else with the same IQ has just the opposite ability. Yet another recent study found that women have more gray matter （comparedwith white matter） than men！ However， the study also showed that in the areas of the brain specifically(特别地) related to intelligence，men had much more gray matter，which is needed for some tasks，such as doing a math problem. Women，on the other hand，had more white matter，which is necessary for collecting information. And the point is that intelligence can be influenced in different ways. “On average， ”McDaniel says， “smarter people learn more quickly， make fewer mistakes，and are more productive.” He believes in the use of IQ tests to exam ine those who want to find a job. So, be well，do good work，and...exercise that brain! 8．What does Michael McDaniel's new study prove? A．Women have more white matter than men. B．The bigger the brain is，the cleverer the person is. C．IQ has nothing to do with the amount of gray matter. D．The brain is filled with large amounts of gray matter. 9．The underlined phrase “back up” in Paragraph 4 means______. A．express B．share C．change D．support 10．What can we learn from the text? A．Men are smarter than women. B．Age has an influence on one’s intelligence. C. McDaniel suggests people do more IQ tests. D. People with the same IQ may have different abilities 11. The author thinks Michael McDaniel’s study is _____ . A. crazy B. difficult C. correct D. subjective （主观的） D Hank was 26 years old when he put on his first pair of long trousers and his first pair of shoes. For the first time he saw himself as he had always wanted to be – a five feet and eight inches tall. Hank was born with diseased legs. Until he was seven, his world was a world of repeated operations. At last he had no legs, but stumps（残肢）that could be fitted
2 , 4 , 6
with a kind of special boots. Out of the hospital, Hank often found people staring at him with cruel interest, Children laughed at him and called him “Ape Man (猿人)” because his arms dragged on the ground. He went to school like other boys. His grades were good and he needed only eight years instead of the usual twelve. After middle-school graduation, Hank worked his way through college. He swept floors, waited on table, or worked in one of the college offices. During all his busy life, Hank had been moving around on his stumps. But one day the doctor told him even the stumps were not going to last much longer. Hank would soon have to use a wheel chair. Hank felt cold all over. However, the doctor said there was a chance that he could be fitted with artificial（假的）legs. Finally a leg maker was found and the day came when Hank stood up before the mirror and saw himself for the first time, five feet and eight inches tall. But this was not the end yet. He had to learn to use his new legs. Again and again he walked in the room. There were times when he fell down on the floor, but he pulled himself up and went back to the endless marching. He went out on the street. He climbed the stairs and learned to dance. He built a boat and learned to sail it. When World War II came, he talked the Red Cross into giving him a job. He took the regular training. He marched and drilled （训练） along with the other soldiers. Few knew that he was legless. This was the true story of Hank, the man without legs. 12．It can be inferred from the text that five feet and eight inches is . A．an average height for an adult B．too tall for an average person C．too short for an average person D．Hank’s real height 13．The writer implies in the story that the Red Cross . A．was only too glad to give Hank a job. B．gave Hank a job because he was a good soldier C．give Hank a job after he talked to a somebody D．was not willing to give Hank a job at first 14．When Hank marched and drilled along with the other soldiers. A．he did everything the other soldiers did B．he did nothing the other soldiers did C．he took some regular exams D．he took some special training 15．The text suggests that Hank . A．had no friends B．never saw himself as different from others C．was very shy D．was too proud to accept help from others 第二节 七选五 （共５小题；每小题２分，满分１０分）
Do you constantly use the computer, whether for learning or entertainment? Computers give off radiation that is bad for your health, but here are some ways to protect yourself from computer radiation. 16 Green tea can be absorbed by the body easily into a form of vitamin A, which helps reduce radiation.17 It is advisable to attach a radiation filter plate （辐射过滤板） in front of your computer’s screen. Make sure to avoid putting any metal substances near your computer as these may have reflected some of the electromagnetic waves that are harmful to your health. 18The brighter the screen the higher the radiation there will be and vice versa. You can also put some radiation-absorbing plants such as several cacti near your computer to prevent radiation. Make sure you do a skincare protection before sitting in front of the computer.19Wash your face soon after using the computer in order to reduce 70% of the radiation. 20 Old computer in general, has one to two times more radiations released than the new one within the same distance. A. And adjust the brightness of your computer screen. B. Apply a layer of facial mask to protect yourself. C. And adjust the sound level on your computer. D. The most efficient way is by drinking some coffee regularly. E. The simplest way is by drinking 2 & 3 cups of green tea every day. F. If possible, purchase a new computer instead of using an old model computer. G. It also helps keep our eyes see things clearly in the dark by improving the visual ability. 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） My sister and I grew up in a little village in England. Our father was a struggling 21 , but I always knew he was 22 . He never criticized us, but used 23 to
bring out our best. He’d say, “If you pour water on flowers, they flourish. If you don’t give them water, they die.” I 24 as a child I said something 25 about
somebody, and my father said, “ 26
time you say something unpleasant about 27 the
somebody else, it’s a reflection of you.” He explained that if I looked for the best people, I would get the best 28 . From then on I’ve always tried to 29
principle in my life and later in running my company. Dad’s also always been very 30 . At 15, I started a magazine. It was 31 a
great deal of my time, and the headmaster of my school gave me a 32 ：stay in school or leave to work on my magazine. I decided to leave, and Dad tried to sway（影响） me from my decision, 33 any
good father would. When he realized I had made up my mind, he said, “Richard, when I was 23, my dad 34 wanted to be a biologist, 36 fulfill it.” As 38 turned out, my little publication(出版) went on to become Student, a me to go into law. And I’ve 35 I didn’t pursue my 37 regretted it. I
. You know what you want. Go
national 39 for young people in the U.K. My wife and I have two children, and I’d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad 40 21. A. biologist 22. A. strict 23. A. praise 24. A. think 25. A. unnecessary 26. A. another 27. A. on 28. A. in case 29. A. revise 30. A. understanding 31. A. taking up 32. A. suggestion 33. A. and 34. A. helped suggested 35. A. always 36. A. rather therefore 37. A. promise 38. A. this 39. A. newspaper B. task B. he B. magazine C. belief C. it C. program D. dream D. that D. project B. never B. but C. seldom C. for D. almost D. B. manager B. honest B. courage B. imagine B. unkind B. some B. in B. by turns B. set B. experienced B. making up B. decision B. as B. allowed C. lawyer C. special C. power C. remember C. unimportant C. any C. at C. by chance C. review C. serious C. picking up C. notice C. even if C. persuaded me. D. gardener D. learned D. warmth D. guess D. unusual D. other D. about D. in return D. follow D. demanding D. keeping up D. choice D. as if D.
40. A. controlled 第二节
语法填空 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
Last week, our class was on duty in the cafeteria for student self-management. On the first day, I41 (shock) to see so much leftover food thrown away by students. What42 waste! Being concerned about it, my classmates and I had a43 (heat) discussion on how44 (solve) the problem. Lots of good ideas came up, such as holding class meetings, putting up wall newspapers and charging a fine for wasting food.45 (final), we all agreed that wallnewspaper would be the best choice. The next day, we put our idea into reality. Towards lunch time, we put up a wall newspaper outside the school cafeteria,46 (call) on students not to waste food. Many students gathered around to read and47 (express) their support. To my great delight,
there were changes soon. In the cafeteria, I found the trays(托盘) returned after lunch all empty48 any leftover. Food 49(save) and the dining hall was cleaner. Seeing
this, I felt relieved and proud of50 we had done. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分３５分） （共１０小题；每小题１分，满分１０分）
The first time I decided to leave thehome was when I was upon graduation in high school. I was having trouble getalong with my parents. I haveabout fifty dollars in my pockets, and I thought about leaving home. It took me only two weeks away from homewhile I started to feel homesick. Living on my own area totally different experience for three main reasons: being more responsible, more decisive and more creatively. BecauseI’m on my own, I get to deal with my duties withouttold to. I have to be more careful because my parents are not here to give me their advices.In the other hand, I could make me own future plan. I have made rules for myself to follow. 第二节书面表达 （满分２５分）
2015 年 4 月 5 日上午 10 点到 11 点，全国亿万学生阳光体育活动在各地大 中小学校同时进行， 1，100 万学生积极参与了这项活动。 教育部倡导学生： 1） 每天锻炼一小时 2） 健康工作五十年 3） 幸福生活一辈子
请你根据以上提示， 用英语准备一份发言稿，向同学们讲述一下阳光体育活动的 有关情况， 并就高三学生 （students of Senior Three） 是否需要每天花一小时锻炼， 谈谈你的看法及理由。 注意：发言稿应包括以上所有信息，要有适当发挥。 词数：120 左右。 发言稿的开头和结尾已经写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：阳光体育活动——a national student sports program; 教育部——the Ministry of Education
Good afternoon, everyone, The national student sports program was waged by the Ministry of Education and aimed at improving students’health. __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________ So every one of you, join the program now! Thank you!
阅读理解 1-4DABC 5-7BAB 8-11BDDC 12-15ADAB 16-20EGABF 完形填空 21—25 CCACB 26---30 CBDDA 31---35 ADBCA 36---40 BDCBD 短 文 填 空 41.was shocked 42.a 43.heated 44.to solve 45.Finally 46.calling 47.expressed 48.without 49.was saved 50.what 短文改错 1. 去掉 the ； 2.get—getting ； 3. have—had ； 4.while—when ； 5.are—is 6.creatively-creative ； 7. 增 加 being ； 8. advices—advice ； 9.in—on ； 10.me—my 参考范文 Good afternoon, everyone, The national student sports program was waged by the Ministry of Education and aimed at improving students’ health It was held from 10 ：00a.m.~11:00a.m.on April 29，2007 in many primary and middle schools all over China. Almost 11 million students in Jiangsu province participated in this program. The Ministry of Education advocates that we do exercise for one hour a day and can work healthily for 50 years. Our whole life will be very enjoyable. In my opinion, we senior high school students should do exercise for one hour a day even though our spare time is limited. Health is a basic condition for our study. If we did not do exercise, we wouldn’t be able to get good study records. So every one of you, join the program now! Thank you!