Australia国家介绍英文版_图文


Australia
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国名:澳大利亚联邦 (The Commonwealth of Australia) 陆地面积:769square kilometers 人口:2238myria (2010) 首都:Canberra( 堪培拉) 通用语言:English 货币:Australian Dollar ( 澳元)

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国庆日:

January 26

(1788)

Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, faces the Pacific on the east and west is the Indian Ocean, including the continent of Australian mainland and Tasmania etc islands and overseas territories. An area of 7,692,000 square kilometers is the largest Oceania countries, but also the world only accounted for a continent Australia and sparsely populated, average every square km is 2.5. Australia is the white race in 95%, majority is British settlers seed. The earliest living in Australia, mainland China and the nearby islands of aborigines, had been British colonists persecution and slaughter, now only 37 million

The origin of Australia
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Australia is a word that means "south China", In the early 17th century ,European found the continent, they wrongly thought that this is a direct Antarctic terrestrial, hence the name "Australian", Australia is terraaustralis (from Latin south land) to change

The flag

The upper left corner flag for the British flag pattern, suggesting that the traditional relations between Australia and the United Kingdom. A seven-pointed star symbol of the largest component of Australia's six states and the Federal District (Northern Territory and Capital Territory). Five small stars on behalf of the Southern Cross constellation (which is south of the small constellation, the constellation is small, but a lot of bright stars). The "South China" meaning that the country is in the southern hemisphere.

Emblem

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A kangaroo Australian national emblem on the left, the right is an emu, both animals are unique to Australia. They are the national symbol. The middle is a shield, face shield, respectively, six pictorial symbol of the country's six states. St. George's red cross (cross, a lion, four stars), a symbol of New South Wales; crown cross sign on behalf of the South under the state of Victoria; blue cross of Malta on behalf of Queensland; on behalf of South Australia Shrike State; black swan a symbol of Western Australia; red lion symbol of Tasmania. Top coat is a symbol of the seven-pointed star Commonwealth countries. Decorated with Australian flower around the acacia, the bottom of the ribbon on the English words "Australia."

The apparent contrast natural environment

Even though it is surrounded by water, desert and semidesert area accounted for 35% of the country. Country is divided into the eastern mountains, the central plains and western highlands three areas .

The western highland
The western plateau is extremely hot and dry in Australia. Because NanHuiGuiXian located on both sides, so the plateau, evaporation temperatures. Precipitation in 200 millimeter mostly. Plateau below the surface are widely distributed and gravel desert and bare hills, most region belongs to the grasslands and desert climate The interior plateau Less than one per square kilometers many regions deserted insufficient.

Ayres mountain
The world's largest alone hill
This gigantic rocks above ground 330 meters , the perimeter is 10 kilometers. When the sun rises, or in the sunlight, the stone will present a purple and red, tangerine such strange luster. Ellis boulders attracts tourists from all over the world. This huge boulders are hundreds of millions of years ago, after the drape mountains, erosion and longterm weathering of hard to part. Perimeter 10 kilometers

The central plain
? The central plains, the vast grassland flat terrain, climate is dry, the abundant groundwater and rich in salt, which is suitable for developing sheep industry. Sheep industry is an important sector of the economy, Australia to raise XiMaoYang merino. ? Australia's production and export all wool first in the world. The production and export mutton is high in the world. Therefore, Australia was called "ride in the back of the sheep state".

XiMaoYang Merino
Australia had no sheep, more than 200 years ago, the United States will be sent into a sheep and Australia, and sheep in Australia broad meadows prosper. Now, Australia has 1.4 million sheep XiMaoYang merino wool much of the production, wool fiber length, good luster, soft and elastic, is the first-class raw materials of textile industry. "MAO" has become the pronoun of high grade abb

Big watershed
? By summarizing the Pacific, moisture, precipitation drenched. Mountain with the thick forest. ? Northeast coast annual temperature for more rain, a tropical rainforest climate. ? The southeast coastal area, the moist air from the coast. Climate warm humid subtropical moist climate,. Where yo accidentally narrow coastal plain, pleasant climate, many excellent advantage of the harbour, the Australian populated area, so. Where the national 75 percent of the population and the major cities of the Australian economy, but also the most flourishing place.

Sydney is the largest industrial city and harbor, the skyscrapers. Unique model of world civilization construction - the Sydney opera house, located in the coastal islands. The Sydney opera house

Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus trees is Australia's most widely distributed tree, the tree growing fast, ten years, eucalyptus wood timber, is one of Australia's most important solid timber resources

koalas

Koalas live in Australia, is Australia's treasure, is Australia's peculiar precious raw arboreal animals, the eye of mammals have bags. Koalas Distributed in southeastern Australia of eucalyptus trees.

kangaroos
Kangaroos are indigenous to Australia and the part of the region. Papua new guinea, some species unique to Australia. all Australian kangaroo, the zoo and wild zoo except in the wild life. different kinds of the kangaroo is Australia all the different nature from cold climate, the nature of the forest and desert plains to the tropics.

Australian emu
Australian emu, owls, it can openly onto the emblem, because it is one of Australia's largest bird, is one of the symbolic animals in Australia, the emu is the world's largest land birds, and also one of the world's most ancient bird species of birds, crane can outline is the only remaining eyes emu families

Do you know what it is ?
Australia's advantages of mammals, most peculiar to several duckbills. Distributed in Australia's east Yorkshire Angle to south Australia, in Tasmania has habitat. It is the oldest and primitive mammal, early in the 25 million years ago. The structure itself, provides mammals reptiles evolved by many of the evidence.

The Great Barrier Reef
Whether from biology, geology, or from the perspective of natural landscape, it is the world's most spectacular natural wonders

Agriculture
? Australian agriculture is developed, and the production and export products of agriculture in the national economy, occupies an important position is the world's largest exporter of beef and wool. In 2004-2005 annual, farming yuan.our 231. 68 million dollars of its GDP 2.8%, Agricultural land 4.4 million hectares, accounting for the land area of 57 percent. 2004 34.6 million agriculture employment. The main crops of wheat, barley there, oilseeds, cotton, sugar and fruit.

Industry "sits on the mine car"
? Australia's rich mineral resources, and good quality, more than half of the mining ores for export. ? It is an important application in developed countries, "sit exporting country on harvesters”. LvTu,, coal, iron, manganese, lead, and other minerals ? Metallurgy industry and machinery manufacturing is the pillar industry in Australia. Since the 1970s, Australia's service industry has been developing rapidly. At present, the proportion of the national economy services over farming and GongKuangYe, called the new Australian pillar industries.

Tourism
? Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in Australia ? Macao tourism resources are rich and famous tourism city and attractions Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth, gold coast and the Great Barrier Reef, Charles Darwin Tasmania, etc.

Well-known products
? Australian specialties including Australia, Australia's specialty Opal (treasure gem), sheepskin, cowhide, lanolin, wine (red wine and white wine), animal toys, aboriginal works of art, art paintings, etc. Australia's shops are generally accepted international all major credit CARDS

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